10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180 - 10. Württembergisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 180
10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180
|active||1897 to 1919|
|State||Kingdom of Württemberg|
|Armed forces||German Army (German Empire)|
|Branch of service||Infantry|
Presentation march "March King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (AM I, 2) |
Parade march " Defiliermarsch " (AM II, 50)
|Commanders||See list of commanders|
The regiment was set up in 1897, the 1st battalion from the IV (half) battalions of the grenadier regiment "Queen Olga" (1st Württemberg) No. 119 and infantry regiment "Kaiser Friedrich, King of Prussia" (7th). Württembergisches) No. 125 , the II. Battalion from the IV. (Half) Battalions of the Infantry Regiment “Alt-Württemberg” (3rd Württembergisches) No. 121 and Fusilier Regiment “Emperor Franz Josef of Austria, King of Hungary "(4th Württembergisches) No. 122 .
- In 1900 members of the regiment took part in the second international expeditionary force in China. Two men died there and a musician died.
- 1904/1906 in the fight against the Herero soldiers of the regiment also took part in unknown strength. This mission remained without losses.
- During the First World War , the regiment only fought in the west .
- On August 9, 1914, the regiment thrown out to support the border troops fought near Markirch . In September 1914 the 26th Reserve Division (1. Königlich Württembergische) was subordinated to the 2nd Army and transferred to the right wing of the German troops to Bapaume (northwest of Albert ) and remained in this area until 1917. In 1916 she fought in the Somme battle , the regiment at Thiepval. In 1917, the regiment was used to expand the Siegfried line at Bullecourt (replaced there by the infantry regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124 ). At the battle of Arrasthe regiment was first deployed at Monchy, then at St. Quentin and then again in the Bullecourt area. The regiment also fought in the Third Battle of Flanders and the Fourth Battle of Flanders in 1917. After initial successes in the Imperial Battle of 1918, the division withdrew to the Antwerp-Maas position , from where, after the Armistice of Compiègne, they marched back on foot to the Schwelm area . From there it reached the garrisons in Württemberg by rail at the beginning of December 1918.
- 108 officers and 2,657 NCOs and men of the regiment fell, and around 500 more were missing.
26th Reserve Division (1st Royal Württemberg) in the Somme Battle of 1916
Operation Michael in the German spring offensive (Kaiserschlacht) 1918
After the end of the war, the regiment was demobilized from December 5, 1918 in Tübingen, the 2nd battalion in Schwäbisch Gmünd and then disbanded.
The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 14th and 16th companies of the 13th (Württemberg) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .
The regiment had the order to lead the infantry fire fight. In peacetime, the soldiers were trained to use appropriate weapons and as patient carriers.
With mobilization for World War I, the regiment was subordinated to the 51st Reserve Infantry Brigade (26th Reserve Division (1st Royal Württembergische)) with a strength of 60 officers , 16 officer deputies , six doctors, three paymasters and 3,180 NCOs and men . In September 1914 the regiment came to the 2nd Army with the 26th Reserve Division (1st Royal Württembergische) .
The regiment initially consisted of two battalions . On October 1, 1913, the III. Battalion set up.
|No.||Name||Beginning of the appointment|
|1.||Gotthard from Dresky||1. April 1897|
|2.||Max von Hügel||13. August 1900|
|3.||Prussia. Colonel Georg Noell||February 22, 1903|
|4.||Albert von Berrer||14. April 1907|
|5.||Rudolf Niemann||25. April 1910|
|6.||Colonel Otto Karl von Link||January 27, 1913|
|7.||Colonel Hermann von Haldenwang||3. September 1914|
|8.||Heinrich von Hoff||October 26, 1914|
|9.||Caesar Amann von Borowsky||March 27, 1915|
|10.||Alfred Vischer||23. September 1915|
|11.||Reich||October 15, 1918|
During the First World War, regimental leaders were at times: Lieutenant Colonel von Grall (Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 99), Major Fleischmann, Lieutenant Colonel Kündinger (Württ. Reserve Dragoon Regiment), Captain von Raven.
Armament and equipment
Rifles with a percussion lock were introduced in 1831, the Minié rifle in 1851 , and the Karabiner 98 from 1898 . At the beginning of the First World War, each infantry regiment had 6 heavy machine guns of the MG 08 type , at the end of 1917 36 heavy and 72 light machine guns .
Single-breasted, dark blue tunic with six in front and two yellow buttons on the flaps, red collar (dark blue protrusion), Brandenburg red cuffs with blue flap protrusion, red epaulettes, armpit pieces and armpit flaps with number "XIII"; There was a button with a company number on each of the armpit flaps and three buttons on the back pocket strips. Black collar, black leather gear, new silver belt lock with the Württemberg coat of arms and the inscription “Feartlos und trew”. Prussian helmet ( Pickelhaube ) also with Württemberg coat of arms and the motto "Feartlos und trew". Black and blue trousers (also for the parade). Stiefel puzzle cup .
In 1897 the regiment received two banners made of burgundy-red cloth with white fringes on all sides. In the middle of one was the gold and yellow crowned signature "W", the other showed the Württemberg coat of arms held by a yellow deer and a black lion, the inscription "Feartlos und trew" on a blue foreign currency ribbon and the white cross of the Order of Military Merit . [A 1]
The III. Battalion received its flag in 1913. It was the flag of the Landwehr Battalion Reutlingen (2nd Battalion Landwehr Regiment No. 119). On the burgundy red cloth there was the crowned signature "K" on the name side and a golden Landwehr cross on the upper pole corner.
- In 1901 the 2nd company won the King's Prize.
Persons in the regiment
- Heinrich Eberbach joined the 3rd company of the regiment on July 1, 1914 as a flag junior.
- Richard Ruoff joined the regiment in 1903 as a flag junior.
- Alfred Vischer: The Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180 in the Somme Battle of 1916 . Uhland, Stuttgart 1917.
- Alfred Vischer: The Württ. Infantry Regiment No. 180 in World War 1914–1918 . Belser, Stuttgart 1921. (Volume 9 of the series The Württemberg Regiments in World War I , digitally available at urn : nbn: de: bsz: 24-digibib-bsz4079450166 )
- Günther Voigt: Germany's armies until 1918. Volume 4. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1982. ISBN 3-7648-1285-0 .
- Hans-Joachim Harder: Military history handbook Baden-Württemberg. Edited by the Military History Research Office . Kohlhammer Verlag , Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-17-009856-X .
- The regiment took the flags into the field in 1914. On August 9, 1914, the standard bearers of the 2nd Battalion, Sergeant Schuppert, Gefreiter Bühner, a Oberjäger (probably from the 8th Reserve Jäger Battalion) and Sergeant Sauter fell one after the other. The last standard-bearer musketeer Härrer of the 8th Company received the Iron Cross II. And I. Class and the Golden Military Merit Cross . Quoted from Voigt, page 364