10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180 - 10. Württembergisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 180

10th Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 180

active 1897 to 1919
State Kingdom of Württemberg Kingdom of Württemberg
Armed forces German Army (German Empire)
Armed forces Lord
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterie-Regiment
structure See outline
Location See garrisons
Marsch Presentation march "March King Friedrich Wilhelm III." (AM I, 2)
Parade march " Defiliermarsch " (AM II, 50)
management
Commanders See list of commanders

The 10th Württembergische Infantry Regiment. 180 was from 1897 to 1919 an infantry joined the Württemberg army .

history

Name

Tübinger Music Corps
Members of the regiment in an aerial bomb damage during the First World War in the Tübingen Hirschgasse

The regiment was set up in 1897, the 1st battalion from the IV (half) battalions of the grenadier regiment "Queen Olga" (1st Württemberg) No. 119 and infantry regiment "Kaiser Friedrich, King of Prussia" (7th). Württembergisches) No. 125 , the II. Battalion from the IV. (Half) Battalions of the Infantry Regiment “Alt-Württemberg” (3rd Württembergisches) No. 121 and Fusilier Regiment “Emperor Franz Josef of Austria, King of Hungary "(4th Württembergisches) No. 122 .

The garrison

Calls

  • In 1900 members of the regiment took part in the second international expeditionary force in China. Two men died there and a musician died.
  • 1904/1906 in the fight against the Herero soldiers of the regiment also took part in unknown strength. This mission remained without losses.
  • During the First World War , the regiment only fought in the west .
On August 9, 1914, the regiment thrown out to support the border troops fought near Markirch . In September 1914 the 26th Reserve Division (1. Königlich Württembergische) was subordinated to the 2nd Army and transferred to the right wing of the German troops to Bapaume (northwest of Albert ) and remained in this area until 1917. In 1916 she fought in the Somme battle , the regiment at Thiepval. In 1917, the regiment was used to expand the Siegfried line at Bullecourt (replaced there by the infantry regiment "King Wilhelm I." (6th Württembergisches) No. 124 ). At the battle of Arrasthe regiment was first deployed at Monchy, then at St. Quentin and then again in the Bullecourt area. The regiment also fought in the Third Battle of Flanders and the Fourth Battle of Flanders in 1917. After initial successes in the Imperial Battle of 1918, the division withdrew to the Antwerp-Maas position , from where, after the Armistice of Compiègne, they marched back on foot to the Schwelm area . From there it reached the garrisons in Württemberg by rail at the beginning of December 1918.
108 officers and 2,657 NCOs and men of the regiment fell, and around 500 more were missing.

Whereabouts

After the end of the war, the regiment was demobilized from December 5, 1918 in Tübingen, the 2nd battalion in Schwäbisch Gmünd and then disbanded.

From parts of the brief break Württembergische security forces and volunteers Department Haas . These then went into the Reichswehr Rifle Regiments 25 and 26. [1]

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 14th and 16th companies of the 13th (Württemberg) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

assignment

The regiment had the order to lead the infantry fire fight. In peacetime, the soldiers were trained to use appropriate weapons and as patient carriers.

Organisation

Association membership

From 1897 to 1914 the regiment belonged to the 54th Infantry Brigade (4th Royal Württemberg) in Ulm , ( 27th Division (2nd Royal Württemberg) , XIII (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps , 5th Army ).

With mobilization for World War I, the regiment was subordinated to the 51st Reserve Infantry Brigade (26th Reserve Division (1st Royal Württembergische)) with a strength of 60 officers , 16 officer deputies , six doctors, three paymasters and 3,180 NCOs and men . In September 1914 the regiment came to the 2nd Army with the 26th Reserve Division (1st Royal Württembergische) .

structure

The regiment initially consisted of two battalions . On October 1, 1913, the III. Battalion set up.

Commanders

No. Name Beginning of the appointment
1. Gotthard from Dresky 01. April 1897
2. Max von Hügel 13. August 1900
3. Prussia. Colonel Georg Noell February 22, 1903
4. Albert von Berrer 14. April 1907
5. Rudolf Niemann 25. April 1910
6. Colonel Otto Karl von Link January 27, 1913
7. Colonel Hermann von Haldenwang 03. September 1914
8. Heinrich von Hoff October 26, 1914
9. Caesar Amann von Borowsky March 27, 1915
10. Alfred Vischer 23. September 1915
11. Reich October 15, 1918

During the First World War, regimental leaders were at times: Lieutenant Colonel von Grall (Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 99), Major Fleischmann, Lieutenant Colonel Kündinger (Württ. Reserve Dragoon Regiment), Captain von Raven.

Regimentschefs

From October 5, 1916, Colonel General Otto von Marchtaler (Württemberg Minister of War since 1906).

Armament and equipment

Main armament

Rifles with a percussion lock were introduced in 1831, the Minié rifle in 1851 , and the Karabiner 98 from 1898 . At the beginning of the First World War, each infantry regiment had 6 heavy machine guns of the MG 08 type , at the end of 1917 36 heavy and 72 light machine guns .

Uniform

Single-breasted, dark blue tunic with six in front and two yellow buttons on the flaps, red collar (dark blue protrusion), Brandenburg red cuffs with blue flap protrusion, red epaulettes, armpit pieces and armpit flaps with number "XIII"; There was a button with a company number on each of the armpit flaps and three buttons on the back pocket strips. Black collar, black leather gear, new silver belt lock with the Württemberg coat of arms and the inscription “Feartlos und trew”. Prussian helmet ( Pickelhaube ) also with Württemberg coat of arms and the motto "Feartlos und trew". Black and blue trousers (also for the parade). Stiefel puzzle cup .

Flags

Württemberg flag

In 1897 the regiment received two banners made of burgundy-red cloth with white fringes on all sides. In the middle of one was the gold and yellow crowned signature "W", the other showed the Württemberg coat of arms held by a yellow deer and a black lion, the inscription "Feartlos und trew" on a blue foreign currency ribbon and the white cross of the Order of Military Merit . [A 1]

The III. Battalion received its flag in 1913. It was the flag of the Landwehr Battalion Reutlingen (2nd Battalion Landwehr Regiment No. 119). On the burgundy red cloth there was the crowned signature "K" on the name side and a golden Landwehr cross on the upper pole corner.

miscellaneous

  • In 1901 the 2nd company won the King's Prize.

Persons in the regiment

  • Heinrich Eberbach joined the 3rd company of the regiment on July 1, 1914 as a flag junior.
  • Richard Ruoff joined the regiment in 1903 as a flag junior.

References

literature

Remarks

  1. The regiment took the flags into the field in 1914. On August 9, 1914, the standard bearers of the 2nd Battalion, Sergeant Schuppert, Gefreiter Bühner, a Oberjäger (probably from the 8th Reserve Jäger Battalion) and Sergeant Sauter fell one after the other. The last standard-bearer musketeer Härrer of the 8th Company received the Iron Cross II. And I. Class and the Golden Military Merit Cross . Quoted from Voigt, page 364

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 272.