|112th Mixed Brigade|
|Active||April 1937-March 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Valentin Gutierrez de Miguel|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The unit was created in April 1937 from the «Graphic Arts» battalion and the 1st, 3rd and 4th battalions of « El Socialista ». Its first commander was the militia major, Valentín Gutiérrez de Miguel , while the head of the General Staff fell to the militia captain Jesús Reinoso Puig. José Delgado Prieto , from the PSOE , was appointed political commissioner. [ 1 ]
The brigade was assigned to the 5th Division of the VI Army Corps , covering the front line that went from La Zarzuela to the San Fernando Bridge . In the fall of 1937 the unit was still very disorganized, with 2,383 men unarmed. [ n. 1 ] During all of 1937 he only participated in one notable operation, the assault on level 661, which occurred on November 4. At the beginning of June 1938 the 112th BM was assigned to the 8th Division of the II Army Corps , being assigned to garrison the sector between El Pardo and the Sierra. [ 1 ]It was subsequently assigned to the 65th Division .
The 112th WB played an important role during the so-called Casado Coup , in March 1939. [ 3 ] On the morning of March 6, it marched towards Madrid, occupying Calle San Bernardo , Nuevos Ministerios and the Ministry of the Government , and also participated in the assault on the Ministry of War . Subsequently, the brigade had to face the attacks of the 8th Division in its position of the Nuevos Ministerios. The 112th BM was dissolved on March 28, 1939, when the Army of the Center surrendered to the Francoist forces. [ 1 ]
- Militia Major Valentín Gutiérrez de Miguel ;
- Militia Major Tomás Lozano Peralta ;
- Militia Major Juan Buxeda García ;
- Militia Major Jesús Herrera Mateos ;
- In this sense, in a report dated October 11, 1937, the brigade stated that of the 3,548 men it had, the 112th BM only had 1,165 rifles of five different calibers and a supply of just 200 grenades. hand (which would be the normal amount for just a few hours of combat). [ 2 ]
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Bahamonde Magro , Angel; Cervera Gil , Javier (1999). Thus ended the War of Spain . Madrid: Marcial Pons. ISBN 84-95379-00-7 .
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid: Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Olaya Morales , Francisco (1990). Negrín's gold . Mother Earth Editions.
- Salas Larrazábal , Ramón (2000). History of the People's Army of the Republic . The Sphere of Books. ISBN 84-9734-465-0 .