123rd Brigade of the Croatian Army - 123.ª Brigada del Ejército Croata
|123rd Brigade of the Croatian Army|
|123rd Brigade of the Croatian National Guard|
|123. ZNG Brigade - Požega|
|1991||Coronel Miljenko Crnjaca.|
|Culture and history|
|Wars and battles|
|Operation Papuk-91 ; Operation Bljesak|
The 123rd Brigade of the Croatian Army ( Croatian : 123. Brigade ) was a large military unit formed in Požega ( Croatia ) in 1991 that was active during the Croatian War . It belonged initially to the Croatian National Guard (ZNG) and later to the Croatian Army (HV) when the institution was renamed in December 1991.
Its major combat actions were in Western Slavonia in 1991 and 1995. It was deactivated after the war.
Operations until the ceasefire of January 3, 1992
Before the war, the headquarters of Pozega "Hero of the Fatherland Nikola Demonja" was occupied by the 40th to Division Partisan (reserve), the 234th Training Center Driving and Transportation Battalion 5. 17 September was occupied by the 4/108. to Brigade. This allowed the capture of between 10,000 and 12,000 long guns (3,000 were immediately sent to Nova Gradiška), significant quantities of ammunition and 500 different types of vehicles. [ 1 ]
On November 21, 1991, the brigade, along with 136 at the Slatina , members of the Operational Zone Osijek , he fell under the Operational Zone Bjelovar for operations to be developed in the area of the heights of Papuk . [ 4 ]
On the 22nd, the sector command ordered that both were to operate on the southern slopes of Papuk in the direction Požega - Brestovac - Kamenska - Novo Zvečevo . 123. to Brigade advance by Velika - Kamenski Vucjak and then towards Novi Zvečevo and Slatinski Drenovac . The operation to free Papuk could begin on November 28, 1991 ( Operation Papuk-91 ). [ 4 ]
On December 3, the brigade suffered nine deaths in an ambush. [ 4 ]
On the eastern slopes of Psunj, December 10, members 121 to Brigade - Nova Gradiska and 123 to Brigade - Požega liberated villages Snegovic, Golobrdac , Čečavac , Sinlija, Opršinac , Vucjak and the municipalities of Resavica Nova Gradiška and Požega , on the eastern slopes of Psunj . [ 5 ]
On December 16, the 5th Battalion of the brigade was created when it was engaged in Gornji Vrhovci and Vučjak Kamenski. [ 6 ]
On December 16, 1991, northwest of Požega municipality , the brigade units occupied Gornji Vrhovce , reached the Kamenska - Novo Zvečevo communication intersection and occupied Kamenski Vučjak . On the 17th, they released Novo Zvecevo , [ 4 ] where the command of the Territorial Defense Forces of the Serbian Autonomous Region of Western Slavonia had functioned .
At the next day, 123. troops to Brigade liberated the villages of Klisa, Nježić , Susnjari , Kruševo , Striježevica , Bogdašić , Amatovci , Kamenski Šeovci , Mihajlije and Mrkoplje arriving outside Kamenska . [ 4 ]
25, from the direction of the east to Bučje , moved the 123 to Brigade took Kamenska and Mijači . [ 7 ] In the Kamenska area, units from Brigades 123 and 136 connected. [ 4 ] [ 8 ] The advance Croatian partially surrounded Bučje. [ 8 ]
26, 123. units to Brigade - Požega, from 127. to Brigade - Virovitica and 136. to Brigade - Slatina of the Croatian Army began to take action Bučje and surrounding villages [ 4 ] Bučje revistaba It was especially important because it was the headquarters of the TO Pakrac command post , a field hospital and a detention center . On that day, the brigade troops, coming from the north, launched an attack towards the south of the Kamenska - Bučje route , dominating the villages ofTisovac , Prgomelje , Cikote , Glavica , Rogulje and Jakovci . Also, some of the units 123. Brigades to and 136 to attack communication Kamenska - Bučje while under the 123 units to advanced towards the slopes of the southern heights of Ravna Gora (axis Novo Zvečevo - Kamenska ) to protect the right flank from the advance. [ 4 ] In the afternoon troops (possibly Battalion 123. 6 to Brigade [ 9 ]) Entered Bučje, which was empty. [ 10 ]
On December 30, 1991, the Brigade cleared the already liberated villages around Bučje of Serbian remnants. Subsequently, the units were established on the Budići - Ožegovci - Bučje - Donja Šumetlica - Jakovci - Rogulje - Bjelajci line to prevent possible counterattacks by Serbian forces from the direction of Cicvare , Kričke (Zabrdskih) and Gornja Šumetlica . [ 8 ]
On January 3, 1992, 123 members of Brigade began its attack on Kricke (Zabrdski) , from where they would continue towards Gornja Šumetlica - Bobare - Bijela Stijena . Shortly after noon, the brigade units entered Kričke (Zabrdski) and seized the village. The Yugoslav forces counterattacked with tanks and armored vehicles from the villages of Lipovac and Brusnik together with the Yugoslav Air Force. Faced with the loss of three dead and several wounded, the brigade was withdrawn from Kricki (Zabrdskih). [ 8 ]
The operation ended Papuk-91, and the Sarajevo ceasefire came into effect from 1800 on January 3. [ 8 ]
The brigade participated in the offensive by which Croatia took the sovereignty of the Serbian Region of Western Slavonia , in the surroundings of Okučani . In that action, called Operation Bljesak , the brigade participated with: [ 11 ]
- A Ba A 105 mm in direct support of the western axis of advance ( Novska ).
- The 1st Battalion tasked with defending the state border on the Sava River from the town of Mačkovac to Davor and preventing any attempts to cross by Serbian forces from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- A squad of tanks in the direction Šagovina Masička - Okučani in support of the 81st Guards Battalion.
Operations in which you participated
At the ceasefire agreed in Sarajevo (as of January 3, 1992), the brigade had 57 dead and 402 wounded. [ 2 ]
- Milković, V. (January 13, 2019). «Homeland War in Požega (Part 8)" Departure of the JNA from Požega " » [Guerra de la Patria en Požega (Part 8) "Salida del JNA de Požega"] . Požega Guide (en croata) . Advised on June 23, 2020 .
- «123. Brigade HV, Požega ' (in Croatian) . Retrieved February 18, 2020 .
- "The famous Požega, 123rd HV Brigade celebrated 25 years of its founding" . www.pozega.hr (en hr-hr) . Advised on February 16, 2020 .
- Martinić Jerčić, Natko (2014). «Operation Papuk-91. (liberation of the wider Papuk area in the autumn and winter of 1991/1992) »[Operación Papuk-91. (launch of the Papuk area in winter and spring 1991/1992)] . Papers: Institute for scientific and artistic work in Bjelovar (in Croatian) (8): 45-69. ISSN 1846-9787 . Advised on July 23, 2019 .
- Novagra (December 17, 2011). "Novogradiški ratni spomenar" [Nova Gradiška War Memory] . novagra.hr (in Croatian) . Retrieved September 16, 2019 .
- Farkaš, Alem (2016). "Military Operations in Western Slavonia in the Homeland War (1991-1995)" . Graduation thesis (en croata) (Osijek: Faculty of Philosophy Osijek): 33.
- "25 godina zloglasnog Bučja: Još swallows za više od 20 logoraša -" [25 years of the infamous Bučje: more than 20 inmates are still missing] . Požega.eu Portal (in Croatian) . December 26, 2016 . Retrieved July 23, 2019 .
- Martinić Jerčić, Natko (11 December 2014). «Oslobodilačke Operation Hrvatskih Snaga u Zapadnoj Slavoniji u Jesen i Zimu 1991./1992. godine »[Liberation operation by Croatian forces in Western Slavonia in autumn and winter 1991/1992. year] . Doctoral Thesis (in Croatian) (Zagreb: University of Zagreb. Department of Croatian Studies.): 291 et seq . Retrieved July 24, 2019 .
- Municipality of Brestovac (June 30, 2017). "26th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Brestovac 6th Battalion on the basis of Kuzma - Brestovac Company can be proud of its contribution to the creation of the Croatian Army and the liberation of the homeland - Brestovac" [26th anniversary of the creation of the 6th Battalion on the basis of the Brestovac Company a la creación del ejército croata y la liberación de la patria - Brestovac] . www.brestovac.hr (in Croatian) . Advised on July 24, 2019 .
- Croatian Radio and Television (HRT). «26. December 1991 - Operation Arrow »[26 December 1991 - Operation Arrow] . Pride Days (in Croatian) . Advised on July 24, 2019 .
- Brigovic, Ivan; Martinic Jercic, Natko; Rados, Ivan (Abril). Croatian Memorial and Documentation Center of the Homeland War, ed. 20 Godina Vojno Redarstvena Operacija Bljesak [ 20 years of military and police operation Bljesak ] (in Croatian) . Zagreb.