14th Royal Bavarian Division - 14. Königlich Bayerische Division

14. Infantry-Division

active August 14, 1916 to September 10, 1918
State Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg Kingdom of Bavaria
Armed forces Bavarian Army
Type Infanteriedivision
structure See: Outline
First World War Western Front
Battle for Verdun
Battle of the Somme
Spring battle at Arras
Great battle in France

Eastern Front

Commanders
Please refer: List of commanders

The 14th Infantry Division was a major unit of the Bavarian army in the First World War .

structure

The division was put together on August 14, 1916 and was initially deployed on the Western Front in the following years. At the end of April 1917 it was relocated to the Eastern Front . After the ceasefire on the Romanian front in December 1917, the association was detached and relocated to the west. There the division was then used until it was dissolved on September 10, 1918 due to excessive losses.

Division of War of September 11, 1916

Division of War of April 28, 1918

  • 8. Infantry-Brigade
    • 4th Infantry Regiment "King Wilhelm of Württemberg"
    • 8th Infantry Regiment "Grand Duke Friedrich II of Baden"
    • 25. Infanterie-Regiment
    • 4. Eskadron / 8. Chevaulegers-Regiment
  • Artillery Commander 14
    • 23. Feldartillerie-Regiment
  • 14th Engineer Battalion
  • Division Message Commander 14th

Battle calendar

1916

  • August 13th to September 9th --- Battle of Verdun
    • September 3rd --- Storming of the French positions on both sides of the Souville gorge
    • September 4th to 9th --- Fights around the Souville Gorge
  • September 9th to 30th --- Position battles in front of Verdun
  • October 1st to November 1st --- Trench warfare between Meuse and Moselle
  • November 2nd to 14th --- Reserve of the OHL
  • November 16-26 --- Battle of the Somme
  • from November 27th --- trench warfare on the Somme

1917

  • until March 18th --- Trench warfare on the Somme
  • March 18-22 --- Reserve of the OHL
  • March 23 to April 1 --- Trench warfare in Flanders and Artois
  • April 2nd to 11th --- Spring battle near Arras
  • April 11th to 26th --- Trench warfare on the Yser (reserve of the 4th Army )
  • April 26th to May 1st --- Transport to the East
  • May 1 to August 18 --- Trench warfare on the upper Shchara- Vervech
  • 23 August to 1 September --- Trench warfare in front of Riga
  • September 1st to 5th --- Battle of Riga
  • September 6-14 --- Trench warfare north of the Daugava
  • September 21-22 --- Storming the Jakobstadt bridgehead
  • September 23rd to 26th --- Position battles in front of Kreuzburg-Kokenhusen
  • October 2nd to December 7th --- Trench warfare on the Sereth
  • December 7th to 17th --- Truce on the Romanian front
  • December 17th to 25th --- Transport to the West
  • from December 25th --- Trench warfare near Reims

1918

  • until March 20th --- Trench warfare near Reims
  • March 21st to April 6th --- Great battle in France
  • April 7th to 30th --- Fights on the Avre near Montdidier and Noyon
  • May 1st to August 7th --- Fights on the Ancre , Somme and Avre
  • August 8th to 20th --- Defense battle between Somme and Avre
  • August 22 to September 2 --- Battle of Albert - Péronne
  • 9-10 September --- Trench warfare in Flanders
  • September 10th --- Dissolution of the division

Commanders

Rank Name Date [1]
Lieutenant General Otto Ritter von Rauchberger 14. August 1916 to 28. May 1918
Major general Karl August Ritter von Kleinhenz May 29 to September 10, 1918

literature

  • Hall of Fame of our Old Army. Published on the basis of official material from the Reich Archives . Military Publishing House. Berlin 1927. pp. 65, 111.
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army Which Participated in the War (1914–1918). United States War Office as War Department Document No. 905. Office of the Adjutant. 1920. S. 230–232.
  • Official work of the Bavarian War Archives: The Bavarians in the Great War 1914–1918. National-Verlag GmbH. Munich 1923.
  • Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen , Friedrichfranz Feeser : The Bavaria book of the world wars 1914-1918. Chr. Belser AG publishing bookstore. Stuttgart 1930.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dermot Bradley (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939. Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815-1939. Biblio Publishing House. Osnabrück 1990. ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 . P. 668.