The April 15 is the 105th (10,005th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 106th in leap years . There are 260 days left to finish the year. Events 1354 : in Cuéllar , Spain Pedro I of Castile
and Juana de Castro marry .
1408 : in Spain , Yusuf III , king of Granada
, signs a truce with the Christians. 1450 : At the Battle of Formigny , the army of France annihilates the army of England , ending the British rule of northern France. The Hundred Years War
ends . 1493 : in Seville , Christopher Columbus arrives after the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean
; it is received triumphantly. 1581 : in Portugal , Felipe II becomes king of Portugal, when the Cortes of Tomar
recognize him as such . 1632 : in the Battle of Rain - within the framework of the Thirty Years' War - the Swedish army of Gustav II Adolph defeats the army of the Holy Roman Empire
. 1715 : in the British province of South Carolina, the Pocotaligo massacre originates the Yamasee War
. 1717 : in Spain the Royal Academy of Marine Guards Knights is created , predecessor of the Spanish Naval Military School 1738 : in London the opera premieres Serse of George Frideric Handel
. 1755 : in London the influential English Dictionary is published A Dictionary of the Inglés Language of Samuel Johnson
. 1783 : The preliminary articles that will end the American Revolution
are ratified . 1814 : the Cortes of Cádiz
approve the provisional regulations of the National Militia. 1815 : in the Puerta del Sol in Madrid
, a fire destroys a block of houses (16 houses). 1817 : in the vicinity of Tarija ( Alto Peru , present-day Bolivia ), the Battle of La Tablada is fought , within the framework of the Bolivian war of independence . The montoneros , under the command of Eustaquio Méndez , defeat the Spanish army , under the command of Colonel Mateo Ramírez
and liberate the old Villa de San Bernardo de la Frontera from Tarixa. 1829 : in London (England), the project to create the Scotland Yard
police is presented to the Chamber . 1848 : in Spain and its colonies, Bertrán de Lis - a member of the Narváez ministry - establishes the decimal monetary system
. 1856 : The Watermelon Slice Incident occurs in Panama , which will lead to the first US intervention .
1865 : President Abraham Lincoln dies in the United States after being shot the night before by John Wilkes Booth . Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the United States
. 1874 : at 35 Boulevard des Capucines (in Paris ) the first Impressionist
exhibition opens . 1879 : in Hornos de Cal (in the Cuban province of Sancti Spíritus ) the Protest of Jarao against the Pact of Zanjón takes place , led by General Ramón Leocadio Bonachea
. 1892 : the General Electric
company is founded in the United States . 1896 : the first Olympic Games of the modern era end in Athens , which began on April 6 .
1900 : in Crete , Arthur Evans announces other important archaeological finds in the palace of Knossos
. 1907 : in the city of Santa Fe ( Argentina ), the Unión de Santa Fe
athletic club is founded . 1912 : in the north of the Atlantic Ocean , at 2:20 am, the RMS Titanic - the largest and most luxurious ship in the world at the time - finishes sinking after colliding with an iceberg
. 1,517 lives are lost. 1915 : El Amor Brujo , by Manuel de Falla , premieres for the first time at the Lara Theater in Madrid .
1920 : in Spain the Spanish Communist Party is founded , which the following year will join the Spanish Communist Workers Party to found the Communist Party of Spain
1920: in the United States the robbery is committed, with the death of two guards, for which the anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti will be tried
. 1924 : in Spain, the right-wing Miguel Primo de Rivera
founded the Patriotic Union party. 1931 : Alfonso XIII sets sail from Cartagena on his way into exile to Marseille , aboard the light cruiser Príncipe Alfonso , [ 1 ] deviating first to Gibraltar where the infant Juan de Borbón was picked up. [ 2 ]
1938 : during the Spanish Civil War , Franco's troops , commanded by Alonso Vega , occupy Vinaroz , dividing republican Spain into two parts and managing to isolate Catalonia
1947: Jack Roosevelt Robinson was the first African-American baseball player to enter Major League Baseball. 1951 : The maximum win is achieved in a citizen derby in the National Football League Championship. The result was RCD Español 6 - FC Barcelona
0 1952 : In area 7 of the Nevada nuclear test site , the United States detonates the Baker atomic bomb (1 kiloton ), dropping it from a plane.
1953 : in Buenos Aires (Argentina), opponents of the constitutional government of Juan Domingo Perón set off several bombs in the middle of a huge demonstration of Peronists ( terrorist attack in Plaza de Mayo ), leaving 90 wounded and 5 dead. [ footnote 1 ] In revenge, a crowd sets fire to several opposition venues
. 1955 : in Des Plaines ( Illinois ), the first restaurant was opened McDonald's
Explosion of the Met atomic bomb (1955).
1955: At the Nevada Test Site , the United States detonates its 22 kt Met atomic bomb , the 63rd of the 1,127 that that country detonated between 1945 and 1992.
1961 : US President John F. Kennedy bombs several Cuban airfields in order to destroy his air force in preparation for the invasion of Playa Girón ( two days later
). 1964 : In a well 149 meters underground, in the U3bo area of the Nevada Atomic Test Site (about 100 km northwest of the city of Las Vegas ), at 8:30 (local time) the United States detonates its Sturgeon atomic bomb , 2 kt . It is the 365th bomb out of 1,132 that the United States detonated between 1945 and 1992.
1976 : the XXX Congress of the UGT begins in Spain , the first held after the Civil War
. 1979 : in Cutral Co , Province of Neuquén , Argentine Republic , the Social and Sports Club Alianza
is founded . 1980 : Pilar Miró is judged by the military jurisdiction, recognizing herself as the author of the film The crime of Cuenca
. 1982 : Canada
approves a new constitution with which it obtains total independence from Great Britain. 1986 : Operation El Dorado Canyon
. 1989 : the Tiananmen Square revolt begins in Beijing ( China ) after the death of Hu Yaobang .
1989: In the football stadium of Sheffield , England
, more than 2,000 fans fire a stampede six minutes after the match between the Liverpool and Nottingham teams, in the semi-final of the British Cup. 96 people die. 1994 : in Morocco , representatives of 124 countries and the European Community sign the Marrakesh Accords , which revise the GATT and precede the World Trade Organization . (They would enter into force on January 1 , 1995
). 1997 : in a camp for Muslim pilgrims in Mecca ( Arabia
) a gas cylinder explodes for cooking. The fire generated leaves a balance of 343 pilgrims dead and around 2000 injured. 1999 : Landsat 7
Earth observation satellite is launched in the United States . 2005 : in Quito (Ecuador) President Lucio Gutiérrez
decrees a state of emergency. 2011 : in Guadalajara , Mexico , World Art Day
is declared at the XVII General Assembly and Congress of the AIAP . 2012 : in the city of Cartagena de Indias ( Colombia ) the VI Summit of the Americas
ends without success . 2013 : in Boston (United States) two bombs explode during a marathon
, resulting in 3 deaths and 183 injuries.
2013: in Venezuela , protests begin against the election of Nicolás Maduro
. 2014 : Lunar eclipse , the first of a lunar tetrad
("blood moon"), that is, a series of four consecutive total eclipses that occur at six-month intervals. 2016 ː in Uruguay, an EF3 tornado on the Fujita-Pearson Scale hits the City of Dolores , in the Department of Soriano
, leaving 7 people dead, 12 missing, 200 injured and the city devastated.
Notre Dame on fire, 2019. Births 1452 : Leonardo da Vinci
, Italian artist, architect, engineer and inventor (d. 1519). 1469 : Guru Nanak
, Pakistani guru, founder of Sikhism (d. 1569). 1548 : Pietro Antonio Cataldi
, Italian mathematician (f. 1626). 1588 : Claude Saumaise
, French philologist (b. 1653). 1642 : Suleiman II
, Ottoman sultan (d. 1691). 1646 : Christian V
, King of Denmark and Norway (d. 1699). 1684 : Catherine I
, Russian Empress (d. 1727). 1688 : Johann Friedrich Fasch
, German composer (b. 1758). 1707 : Leonhard Euler
, Swiss mathematician (d. 1783). 1741 : Charles Willson Peale
, American painter and naturalist (d. 1827). 1772 : Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
, French naturalista (f. 1844). 1786 - John Franklin
, British explorer (d. 1847). 1793 : Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve
, astrónomo alemán (f. 1864). 1797 : Adolphe Thiers
, French historian and politician (d. 1877). 1800 - James Clark Ross
, British explorer (d. 1862). 1808 : Manuel Gutiérrez de la Concha
, Spanish military and politician of Argentine origin (d. 1874). 1809 : Hermann Grassmann
, German linguist and mathematician (d. 1877). 1832 : Wilhelm Busch
, German painter, draftsman and poet (d. 1908). 1835 : Pedro Timote
, Argentine military man (d. 1874) 1843 : Henry James
, American writer and literary critic (d. 1916). 1858 : Émile Durkheim
, French sociologist (d. 1917). 1869 : Concha Espina
, Spanish writer (d. 1955). 1874 : Johannes Stark
, German physicist, Nobel Prize winner for physics in 1919 (d. 1957). 1877 : Georg Kolbe
, German sculptor (b. 1947). 1878 : Robert Walser
, Swiss writer (d. 1956). 1886 : Amédée Ozenfant
, pintor francés (f. 1966). 1889 : A. Philip Randolph
, American activist (d. 1979). 1892 : Corrie ten Boom
, Dutch writer, survivor of Nazi concentration camps (d. 1983, same day). 1894: Bessie Smith, cantante de blues afroestadounidense (f. 1937). 1894 : Nikita Khrushchev
, leader of the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War (d. 1971). 1895 : Abigaíl Mejia
, Dominican intellectual, photographer, educator and feminist (d. 1941) 1896 : Nikolai Semionov
, Russian chemist, 1956 Nobel Prize Winner (d. 1986). 1900 : Ramón Iribarren Cavanilles
, Spanish engineer (f. 1967). 1902 : Gloria Guzmán
, Argentine actress (d. 1979).
1902: José María Albareda
, Spanish scientist (d. 1966). 1904 : Arshile Gorky
, American painter of Armenian origin (d. 1948). 1907 : George Platt Lynes
, American photographer (d. 1955).
1907: Nikolaas Tinbergen
, Dutch ethologist, Nobel laureate for physiology or medicine in 1973 (d. 1988). 1908 : Aureli Maria Escarré
, Spanish priest (b. 1964). 1911 : Miguel Ligero
, Argentine actor (d. 1989). 1912 : Kim Il-sung
, president of Norway (f. 1994). 1913 : María Ruiz-Tagle
, Chilean first lady between 1964 and 1970 (d. 2001). 1916 : Helene Hanff
, American writer and screenwriter (d. 1997). 1919 : Alberto Breccia
, Argentine cartoonist of Uruguayan origin (f. 1993). 1920 : Thomas Szasz
, emeritus professor of psychiatry and one of the leaders of anti-psychiatry (f. 2012).
1920: Richard von Weizsäcker
, político alemán (f. 2015). 1922 : Michael Ansara
, American actor (f. 2013). 1924 : Neville Marriner
, British violinist and conductor (d. 2016). 1927 : Robert Mills
, American physicist (b. 1999). 1927 : Gonzalo Fabio Pérez Casas , Representative of the Potuga Township (1972 to 1984). Governor of the province of Herrera
(1989). (f. 2020). 1930 : Franco Macri
, Argentine businessman (f. 2019).
1930: Vigdís Finnbogadóttir
, president of Iceland. 1931 : Giovanni Reale
, Italian philosopher (f. 2014).
1931: Tomas Tranströmer
, Swedish poet (d. 2015). 1933 : Elizabeth Montgomery
, American actress (d. 1995). 1936 : Raymond Poulidor
, French professional cyclist (f. 2019). 1938 : Claudia Cardinale
, Italian actriz. 1939 : Jaime Paz Zamora
, Bolivian politician and president. 1940 : Jeffrey Archer
, British politician and writer.
1940: Cristóbal Toral
, Spanish painter. 1942 : Walt Hazzard
, American basketball player and coach (d. 2011).
1942: Eleuterio Sánchez
, Spanish lawyer and writer; formerly notorious criminal and fugitive. 1943 : Robert Lefkowitz
, American chemist. 1944 : Dave Edmunds
, singer, music producer and British guitarist. 1947 : Enrique Curiel
, Spanish politician and political scientist (d. 2011).
1947: Roy Raymond , American businessman, founder of Victoria's Secret
(d. 1993). 1948 : Michael Kamen
, American composer and pianist (d. 2003). 1948 : Phil Mogg , British musician, singer and songwriter, of the band UFO
. 1949 : Alla Pugacheva
, cantante rusa. 1950 : Josiane Balasko
, French actress and filmmaker. 1955 : Mónica Jouvet
, Argentine actress (f. 1981). 1956 : Monique Loudières
, French ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher. 1957 : Evelyn Ashford
, American athlete. 1958 : Benjamin Zephaniah
, British poet and writer. 1959 : Emma Thompson
, British actress.
1959: Thomas F. Wilson
, American actor, comedian and musician. 1960 : Pedro Delgado
, Spanish cyclist.
1960: Philippe of Belgium
, King of Belgium. 1961 : Carol Greider
, American biochemist, 2009 Nobel Prize winner in medicine. 1962 : Nawal El Moutawakel
, Moroccan athlete.
1962: Jhon Jairo Velásquez
, Colombian hit man, member of the Medellín Cartel (f. 2020). 1963 : Esperanza Mariño
, Spanish essayist and translator. 1965 : Linda Perry , singer and American music producer, of the band 4 Non Blondes
. 1966 : Pedro Andreu , Spanish drummer, of the band Héroes del Silencio
1966: Samantha Fox
, British actress and singer. 1968 : Ed O'Brien , British guitarist, of the band Radiohead
. 1970 : Miki Oca
, Spanish water polo player. 1971 : Finidi George
, Nigerian footballer.
1971: Mariano Ortega
, Spanish handball player. 1973 : Gastón Sessa
, Argentine soccer player.
1973: Teddy Lucic
, football player sueco. 1975 : Philip Labonte
, American singer, of the band All That Remains. 1977 : Romina Gaetani
, Argentine actress. 1978 : Luis Fonsi
, Puerto Rican singer-songwriter.
1978: Lucas Sugo
, Uruguayan singer. 1979 : Ferdinando Valencia
, Mexican actor and model.
1979: Mariana Ávila
, Mexican film and television actress.
1979: Luke Evans
, British actor. 1980 : Yoel Hernández
, Venezuelan baseball player. 1981 : Andrés D'Alessandro
, Argentine footballer.
1981: Patricia López Arnáiz
, Spanish actress. 1982 : Seth Rogen
, Canadian actor, comedian, writer and producer.
1982: Ester Dean
, American singer and songwriter.
1982: Albert Riera
, Spanish footballer. 1983 : Alice Braga
, Brazilian actress.
1983: Matt Cardle
, British singer. 1986 : Tom Heaton
, British footballer. 1988 : Eliza Doolittle
, British singer. 1989 : Christian Cruz
, producer, Puerto Rican composer. 1990 : Emma Watson
, British actress. 1991 : Javier Fernández López
, Spanish figure skater. 1992 : Alexandra Masangkay
, actress, singer and Spanish dancer. 1992 : Amy Diamond
, Swedish singer.
1992: Kimberly Dos Ramos
, Venezuelan actress, model and entertainer. 1993 : Serhii Myakushko
, Ukrainian footballer. 1996 : Laura Quevedo
, Spanish basketball player.
1996: Mario Prezioso
, Italian football player.
1996: Jake Galea
, Maltese footballer. 1997 : Maisie Williams
, British actress. 1997 : Verónica Araceli Aguayo
, Paraguayan zootechnical engineer. 2003 : Francis Maria Mas and Rubi Ríos
, Venezuelan polyglot. Deaths 1446 : Filippo Brunelleschi
, Italian Renaissance architect, sculptor and goldsmith (b. 1377). 1659 : Simon Dach
, poeta alemán (n. 1605). 1764 : Madame de Pompadour
(Jeanne Antoinette Poisson), French aristocrat (n. 1721). 1810 : Joaquín Fernando Garay
, Spanish biologist (b. 1733). 1754 : Jacopo Francesco Riccati
, Italian mathematician (b.1676). 1782 : Luis Manuel de Zañartu , Spanish magistrate
of Santiago de Chile (b. 1723). 1801 : Pedro Lucas de Allende
, Spanish merchant (b. 1742). 1846 : Antonio Almada y Alvarado
, Mexican politician (b. 1786). 1865 : Abraham Lincoln
, American president between 1861 and 1865 (b.1809). 1876 : Thomas Scatcherd
, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1823). 1885 : Walther Wolfgang von Goethe
, compositor alemán (n.1818). 1888 : Matthew Arnold
, British poet (b.1822). 1889 : Damien of Molokai
, Belgian missionary (b. 1840). 1912 : the 1,514 victims of the sinking of the ocean liner Titanic, including: Thomas Andrews
(39), British naval architect (b.1873). John Jacob Astor IV
(47), American millionaire (n. 1864). Archibald Butt
(46), American journalist and serviceman, aide to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft (b. 1865). Jacques Futrelle
(37), French writer (b. 1875). Benjamin Guggenheim
(46), American businessman and millionaire (b.1865). John Harper
(40), pastor of a Baptist church; he saved his daughter Annie Jessie Harper (8) and refused her place in a boat (b. 1872). Wallace Hartley
, British violinist (b.1878). Francis David Millet
(45), American painter, sculptor, reporter and essayist (b.1846). James Paul Moody
(24), Titanic officer (b. 1887). William McMaster Murdoch (39), oficial del Titanic (n. 1873). Edward John Smith
, British merchant seaman, captain of the Titanic (b. 1850). William Thomas Stead
(62), journalist, pioneer of investigative journalism, and British publisher (b. 1849). Isidor Straus
(67), American businessman, founder of Macy's stores in New York (b. 1845). Manuel Uruchurtu
(39), Mexican deputy (b. 1872). Henry Wilde
(39), Titanic's chief officer (b.1872). 1917 : Gumersindo de Azcárate
, Spanish politician and sociologist (b. 1840). 1925 - Fritz Haarmann
, German serial killer (b.1879).
1925: Faustino Nicoli
, industrialist and politician from Barcelona (b. 1852). 1925: John Singer Sargent, pintor italiano (n. 1856). 1927 : Gastón Leroux
, French writer (n. 1868). 1928 - Rupert Cambridge
, British aristocrat (b.1907). 1929 : Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez Ossorio
, Spanish journalist (b. 1861). 1938 : César Vallejo
, Peruvian writer (b. 1892). 1939 : José Piqueras
, Spanish politician (b. 1884). 1942 : José Moreno Carbonero
, Spanish painter (b. 1860).
1942: Robert Musil
, Austrian writer (b. 1880). 1948 : Manuel Roxas
, Philippine President (b.1892). 1956 : Emil Nolde
, German painter (n. 1867). 1957 : Pedro Infante
, Mexican actor and singer (b.1917). 1967 : Fernando de Castro Rodríguez
, Spanish physician and scientist (b. 1896). 1968 : Amparo Poch y Gascón
, Spanish anarchist doctor and writer (b.1902). 1969 : Victoria Eugenia de Battenberg
, British aristocrat, wife of the Spanish King Alfonso XIII (b. 1887). 1971 : Miguel Matamoros
Cuban musician and composer (b. 1894). 1975 : Richard Conte
, American actor (n. 1910). 1977 : Nicolás Franco
, Spanish military and diplomat (b. 1891). 1978 : Tarragó Ros
, chamamé accordionist and Argentine musician (b.1923). 1980 : Jean-Paul Sartre
, French philosopher and writer (b.1905). 1983 : Corrie ten Boom
, Dutch writer (b. The same day, 1892). 1985 : Inés Rodena
(79), Cuban radio and television writer (b.1905). 1986 : Jean Genet
, French writer (b.1910).
1986: Benkt Sparre
, Swedish botanist (b.1918). 1988 : Gabriel Parra
, Chilean drummer, of the band Los Jaivas (b.1947).
1988: Kenneth Williams
, British actor (b.1926). 1989 : Hu Yaobang , leader of the People's Republic of China , whose death triggered the Tiananmen Square Revolt
( b.1915 ) 1990 : Greta Garbo
, Swedish actress (b.1905). 1998 : Pol Pot
, Cambodian dictator and genocide (b.1925). 2000 : Edward Gorey
, American cartoonist (b. 1925). 2001 : Olga Lengyel
, Hungarian nurse and writer (b.1908).
2001: Joey Ramone
, American singer, of the band Ramones (b.1951). 2006 : Félix Bayón
, Spanish journalist and poet (b. 1952). 2008 : Conchita Bardem
, Spanish actress (b.1918).
2008: Benoit Lamý
, Belgian filmmaker (b. 1945). 2011 : Vittorio Arrigoni
, Italian writer and activist (b. 1975). 2012 : Jesús Giles Sánchez
, Mexican politician (b.1961).
2012: Murray Rose
, Australian swimmer of British origin (b. 1939). 2013 : Richard LeParmentier
, American actor (b.1946). 2014 : Shane Gibson
, former American bassist, of the band Korn (b. 1978). 2015 : Surya Bahadur Thapa
, Nepalese Prime Minister (b.1928). 2018 : R. Lee Ermey
, US drill sergeant and actor (b.1944). 2019 : Owen Garriott
, American electrical engineer and NASA astronaut (b.1930). 2020 : Brian Dennehy
, American actor (b.1938). Celebrations See also References Notes ^ The deaths of the terrorist attack in Buenos Aires (1953) were:
Santa Festiggiatta de D'Amico (84), Salvador Manes, Osvaldo Mouché, Mario Pérez and Leon Daniel Roumeaux. The terrorists who planted the bombs were the young radical leaders external links