In memory of the First World War , the Bulgarian Tsar Boris III donated. by decree of December 9, 1933, the War Memorial Medal 1915/1918 . The award was to surviving combatants , noncombatants are awarded and survivors. It could also be awarded to members of allied armed forces who had fought on the side of Bulgaria during these years.
The fire-gilded round medal with a diameter of 31 mm and a thickness of 3 mm shows in the obverse the raised embossed coat of arms of Bulgaria , underlaid by two diagonally crossed swords pointing upwards . The symbol is enclosed by two branches of laurel and oak leaves crossed below. The reverse , on the other hand, shows the embossed year of the war or in the middle
1915 - / 1918. The year numbers are enclosed by two branches crossed at the bottom, which first consist of rose branches, then of oak leaves and turn into ears at their ends.
The 1915/1918 war memorial medal was worn on the upper left side of the chest on a 39 mm wide red triangular ribbon , the hem of which was red, white and green and white on both sides for those involved in the war . The ribbon for non-fighters also had a vertical white central stripe and a black central stripe for the bereaved. Female persons wore the medal on a ribbon. Incidentally, the 1912/1913 war commemorative medal had to be worn before that of the 1915/1918 campaign.
The right to be awarded was limited to deeds and merits that had to be accomplished or acquired in the period from October 1, 1915 to November 30, 1919.
The last awards were made on December 31, 1939. A total of around 280,000 medals were produced by the three commissioned manufacturers, the Gloerfeld brothers in Lüdenscheid , Huguénin Fréres et Cie in Le Locle and Otto Schikle in Pforzheim . Of these, 30,000 were awarded to Bulgarian nationals for the Balkan War and 50,000 for the First World War. German soldiers received almost 200,000 awards. The cost of issuing a German certificate of ownership was around 200 lev (approx. 6 Reichsmarks) and had to be paid out of pocket.
- Todor Petrov: Bulgarian Orders and Medals. Military Publishing House Ltd., Sofia 2005, ISBN 954-509-317-X.
- Dimitri Romanoff: The Orders, Medals and History of the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Balkan Heritage Publishers, Rungsted Kyst 1982, ISBN 87-981267-0-9, S. 152–153.