1930 ( MCMXXX ) was a common year started on Wednesday according to the Gregorian calendar . Events January 1 : in the Soviet Union , the government orders the expropriation and deportation of the kulaks
, thus trying to impose forced collectivization in agriculture. January 2 : in China , Jiang Jieshi
takes over as head of the civil power. January 11 : In Quito , Ecuador , the Quito University Sports League team is re-founded . Formerly known as 'Club Universitario'. January 13 : Mickey Mouse debuts in comic strips
January 13: at the Lowell Observatory ( Flagstaff , Arizona ) a group of researchers announces the discovery of the ninth planet in the solar system. On May 26 it is called Pluto , in the United States
. January 15 : The Barcelona International Exhibition
closes . January 24 : in Libya , the Italian Sahara brigades conquer the Kufra oasis in Cyrenaica
. January 26 : In India , the Indian National Congress - illegally - declares this day as Pūrna Swarash
(complete independence). January 27 : in Spain, the dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera
presents his resignation. February 1 : in Spain the soft dictatorship is established , after the appointment in Madrid of General Berenguer as head of the council of ministers, with the king's commission to prepare the return to the constitutional regime prior to 1923
. February 2 : in Chile , President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
promulgates a new Civil Registry Law. February 3 : the Spanish Football Federation agrees not to participate in the international tournament in Montevideo
. February 5 : in Mexico , Pascual Ortiz Rubio takes office as president of Mexico
as its forty-ninth president. February 7 : Gandhi starts the Salt March
. February 9 : in Yen Bay ( Indochina ) the French colonial troops harshly repress the nationalist mutiny
. February 9 : In the presidential elections in Colombia, Enrique Olaya Herrera
, the first liberal after almost half a century of conservative hegemony, is elected . February 9: German motorist Hans Stuck wins the first race of the World Championship with an Austro-Daimler. February 10 : General Miguel Primo de Rivera leaves Spain
February 10: in Vatican City , the new Secretary of State of the Holy See , Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, takes office
February 10: the American cabaret actress Joséphine Baker performs at the Metropolitan Theater in Madrid .
11 of February : in Mexico
, the police register to the delegation of the Soviets. February 15 : the government of General Berenguer dissolves the National Assembly established by General Miguel Primo de Rivera
. February 18 - Studying photographs taken in January , Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
February 18: the comedy Come tu mi vuoi , by Luigi Pirandello , premieres in Milan .
February 18: Elm Farm Ollie cow is the first to travel in an airplane
and also the first to be milked in the air. February 23 : the graphic transcription of sound waves, developed by the French Lauste , Laudet and the American Lee de Forest
, represents a new progress in talking cinema. September 3 : in the Dominican Republic , a hurricane devastates the capital ( Santo Domingo
) and causes the death of more than 800 people.
September 3: French pilots Diudonné Costes and Maurice Bellonte land near New York , after crossing the Atlantic
in a 37-hour flight. September 6 : in Argentina , General José Félix Uriburu carries out the first successful military coup in the history of that country, overthrowing the radical president Hipólito Yrigoyen , and inaugurating a period of corruption, called the Infamous Decade
. September 8 : In the United States , the 3M brand launches Scotch
clear tape . September 9 : in Rosario ( Argentina ) the Uriburu dictatorship shoots the anarchist bricklayer Joaquín Penina
without trial . September 11 : In Italy, the Strómboli volcano , "the lighthouse of the Mediterranean" (named by Jules Verne as the escape tube of the expeditionaries of Journey to the Center of the Earth ), erupts .
September 18 : the XEW-AM radio station is inaugurated in Mexico
. Births January
January 6: Oscar Camilión
, Argentine lawyer and diplomat (d. 2016). January 9 : Antoñita Moreno
, Spanish singer and actress. January 10 : Roy E. Disney
, American executive (d. 2009). January 11 : Rod Taylor
, Australian actor (d. 2015). January 13 : Teresa March
, Spanish writer (f. 2001). January 19 : Tippi Hedren
, American actress. January 20 : Buzz Aldrin
, American astronaut, second person to walk on the Moon.
January 20: Chela del Río
, Colombian actress (d. 2010). January 22 : Mariví Bilbao
, Spanish actress (d. 2013). January 23 : Derek Walcott
, Saint Lucian writer, Nobel Prize winner for literature (f. 2017). January 27 : Bobby Bland
, American singer (f. 2013) January 28 : Ramón Abrantes
, Spanish sculptor (d. 2006).
January 28: Kurt Biedenkopf
, German politician. January 29 : Derek Bailey
, avant-garde British guitarist (d. 2005). January 30 : Gene Hackman
, American film actor. February February 1 : Jorge Lindell Diaz
, Spanish painter, printmaker, cartoonist (f. 2015) February 3 : Antonio Martínez Cobos
"el Cobijano", Spanish bullfighter. (f. 2009). February 8 : Miguel Covián Pérez
, Mexican politician, intellectual and journalist (f. 2009). February 10 : Sergio Villarruel
, Argentine journalist (f. 1997).
February 10: Robert Wagner
, American actor. February 17 : Daniel Gil
, Spanish graphic designer (d. 2004).
February 17: Ruth Rendell
, British writer (d. 2015) February 19 : John Frankenheimer
, American filmmaker (d. 2002). February 21 : María Ángeles Arazo
, writer, journalist and art critic, Valencian. 22 de febrero : Giuliano Montaldo
, Italian filmmaker. February 25 : Francisco Rubio Llorente
, Spanish jurist (f. 2016) February 27 : Joanne Woodward
, American actress. February 28 : Leon Neil Cooper
, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics. March March 2 : Fernando Quiñones
, Spanish writer (d. 1998)
March 2: Tom Wolfe
, American novelist and writer (d. 2018)
March 2: Hugo Patiño
, Colombian humorist, comedian and actor. March 3 : Heiner Geissler , German politician (d. 2017
). March 6 : Lorin Maazel , French conductor and musician (f. 2014
). March 10 : Claude Bolling
, French jazz pianist and composer. March 14 : Jorge Barreiro , Argentine actor (d. 2009
). March 15 : Zhorés Alfiórov , Russian physicist, Nobel laureate in physics (f. 2019
March 15: Martin Karplus
, Austro-American scientist. March 17 : James Irwin , American astronaut (d. 1991
March 17: José Migliore
, Argentine car driver. March 19 : Ornette Coleman , American musician (d. 2015
). March 20 : Clara Passafari , Argentine ethnologist, anthropologist, writer and poet (f. 1994
). 22 of March - Pat Robertson
, American televangelista.
March 22: Stephen Sondheim
, American composer and lyricist. March 24 : Agustín González , Spanish actor (f. 2005
). March 24 : David Dacko , Central African politician, first president of the Central African Republic (d. 2003
March 24: Cristóbal Halffter
, Spanish classical conductor and composer.
March 24: Steve McQueen , American actor, filmmaker and producer (d. 1980
). March 26 : Sandra Day O'Connor , US Supreme Court Justice between 1981 and 2006
. March 27 : David Janssen , American actor (d. 1980
). March 28 : Jerome Isaac Friedman
, American physicist, Nobel laureate in Physics. March 29 : Francisco de Moxó y de Montoliu , Spanish historian ( 2007
March 29: Lima Duarte
, Brazilian acotr. March 30 : John Astin
, American actor. March 31 : Vicente Nebreda , Venezuelan dancer and cerógarafo (f. 2002
). April April 1 : Victoria Sau (alias Vicky Lorca
), Spanish writer, psychologist and feminist (d. 2013). April 2 : María Wérnicke
, Argentine poet and writer (d. 2013). April 3 : Helmut Kohl
, German Chancellor (d. 2017)
April 3: Salvador Távora
, Spanish actor and theater director. (f. 2019). April 7 ː Gabriella Morreale de Castro
(f. 2017). April 11 : Anton Szandor LaVey , American character, founder of the Church of Satan
(d. 1997). April 15 : Vigdís Finnbogadóttir
, President of Iceland. April 16 : Herbie Mann
, American jazz flutist (f. 2003). April 18 : Roberto Sosa
, Honduran poet (d. 2011). April 21 : Silvana Mangano
, Italian actress (d. 1989). April 24 : Richard Donner
, producer and American filmmaker. April 25 : Paul Mazursky
, American filmmaker and actor (d. 2014) April 28 : James Baker
, American politician.
April 28: Carolyn Jones
, American actress (d. 1983). April 29 : Jean Rochefort
, French actor (f. 2017)
April 29: Claus Ogerman
, German composer and arranger (d. 2016)
April 29: Henri Coppens
, Belgian footballer (d. 2015). Mayo May 1 : Little Walter
, harmonica player and singer of American blues (d. 1968). May 3 : Juan Gelman
, Argentine writer and poet (d. 2014). May 3 : Luce Irigaray
, French feminist philosopher. May 5 : Eugenio Montero Ríos
, Spanish jurist and politician (d. 1990). May 6 : Willie Rosario
, Puerto Rican conductor, percussionist and composer. May 8 : Doug Atkins
, American football player (d. 2015).
May 8: Heather Harper
, Northern Irish soprano (f. 2019).
May 8: René Maltête
, French photographer and poet (d. 2000).
May 8: Gary Snyder
, American poet and educator. May 10 : George E. Smith
, American physicist. May 11 : Edsger Dijkstra
, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002). May 13 : Emilio Laguna
, Spanish actor.
May 13: José Jiménez Lozano
, Spanish writer, 2002 Cervantes Prize (f. 2020). May 14 : Juan Carlos Saravia
, Argentine folk singer-songwriter, of the group Los Chalchaleros. (F. 2020) May 15 : Jasper Johns
, American painter. May 16 : Friedrich Gulda
, Austrian pianist (d. 2000). May 21 : Malcolm Fraser
, Australian politician (d. 2015). May 22 : John Barth
, American writer.
May 22: Harvey Milk
, American gay rights activist (d. 1978).
May 22: Agustín Tosco
, Argentine union leader (d. 1975).
May 22: Orlando Contreras , Cuban bolero singer (d. 1994
). May 23 : Jordi Solé Tura
, Spanish politician and constitutionalist (d. 2009). May 31 : Clint Eastwood
, American actor, filmmaker and producer.
May 31: Elaine Stewart
, actress, model and American television host (d. 2011). June June 1 : Edward Woodward
, British actor (d. 2009). June 4 : Noé Murayama
, Mexican actor (d. 1997). June 19 : Gena Rowlands
, American actress. June 20 : Magdalena Abakanowicz
, Polish sculptor (d. 2017). June 24 : Claude Chabrol
, French filmmaker (d. 2010). June 25 : George Murdock
, American actor (d. 2012).
June 25: Ricardo Pérez Muro
, Argentine footballer. June 26 : Kenneth Kennedy
, American anthropologist (d. 2014). June 27 : Ross Perot
, American politician and businessman (f. 2019). June 28 : Itamar Franco
, Brazilian president (d. 2011).
June 28: Taty Almeida
, Argentine writer and human rights activist. June 29 : Ariadne Welter
, Mexican actress (d. 1998). June 30 : Joaquín Sanz Gadea
, Spanish doctor (f. 2019).
June 30: Thomas Sowell
, American libertarian conservative thinker and economist. July July 1 : Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
, Bolivian politician and businessman; president between 1993-1997 and 2002-2003. July 2 : Carlos Menem
, Argentine politician, president between 1989 and 1999. July 4 : Carlos Ardila Lülle
, Colombian civil engineer, businessman and industrialist. July 7 : Michel Odent
, French obstetrician.
July 7: Biljana Plavšić
, Bosnian Serb politician and university professor. July 8 : Gerardo Olivares James
, Spanish architect. July 10 : Josephine Veasey
, English lyric mezzo-soprano.
July 10: Charles Villarroel
, Chilean soccer player (f. 2020). July 11 : Harold Bloom
, American literary theorist and critic (f. 2019). July 13 : Samuel Shapiro
, American statistician and engineer. July 15 : Stephen Smale
, American mathematician.
July 15: Jacques Derrida
, French philosopher (d. 2004). July 18 : Carmen Campoy
, Spanish-Argentine actress. July 19 : Julio Sánchez Vanegas
, businessman, actor, producer, presenter and presenter of Colombian radio, television and cinema. July 23 : Pierre Vidal-Naquet
, French historian (d. 2006). July 28 : Horacio Gómez Bolaños
, Mexican actor, producer and screenwriter (f. 1999). July 30 : Tony Lip
, American actor (f. 2013). August 1 of August - Pierre Bourdieu
, French sociologist. August 5 : Neil Armstrong
, American astronaut, first person to set foot on the Moon (d. 2012). August 6 : Fernando Karadima
, Chilean pedophile priest.
August 6: Ana María Pedroni
, Argentine-Guatemalan writer (d. 2010). August 8 : Terry Nation
, Welsh producer (d. 1997). August 9 : Carmen Balcells
, Argentine writer (d. 2015). August 10 : Marta Portal Nicolás
, Spanish writer, critic, journalist and teacher (f. 2016). 16 de agosto : Simha Arom
, etnomusicólogo francoisraelí.
16 de August: Leslie Manigat
, Haitian president (f. 2014)
August 16: Flor Silvestre
, Mexican singer and actress (f.2020). August 18 : Rafael Pineda Ponce
, Honduran professor and politician (f. 2014). August 21 : Margaret of the United Kingdom
, British princess (d. 2002). August 22 : Gylmar dos Santos Neves
, Brazilian footballer ( d . 2013). August 23 : Michel Rocard
, French politician (d. 2016). August 25 : Sean Connery
, Scottish actor (f.2020). August 28 : Ben Gazzara
, American actor (d. 2012). August 30 : Warren Buffett
, American businessman. September September 1 : Michel Serres
, French philosopher (f. 2019). September 6 : Emilio Azcárraga Milmo
, Mexican businessman (d. 1997). September 7 : Julio César Abbadie
, Uruguayan soccer player (d. 2014).
September 7: Sonny Rollins
, American jazz saxophonist and composer.
September 7: Baudouin I
, Belgian aristocrat, king between 1951 and 1993 (f. 1993). September 8 : Mario Adorf
, German actor September 12 : Akira Suzuki
, Japanese physicist. September 17 : David Huddleston
, American actor (d. 2016) September 19 : Muhal Richard Abrams
, American jazz composer and pianist (f. 2017) September 22 : Antonio Saura
, Spanish painter (d. 1998). September 23 : Ray Charles
, singer and American pianist (d. 2004).
September 23: Irene Reid
, American jazz singer (d. 2008).
September 25: Elsa Aguirre
, Mexican actress September 26 : Fritz Wunderlich
, German tenor (d. 1966). September 26 : Ramón Fernández
, Spanish film director. (f. 2006). September 29 ː Montserrat Tresserras i Dou
, Spanish swimmer (f. 2018) October October 1 : Richard Harris
, Irish actor (d. 2002).
1 de octubre: Philippe Noiret
, actor francés (f. 2006). October 3 : María del Pilar Rodríguez
, Argentine actress (d. 2015). October 5 : Cristina Berys
, Argentine actress (d. 1994).
October 5: Reinhard Selten
, German economist (d. 2016). October 6 : Hafez al-Assad
, Syrian politician, president between 1970 and 2000. (f. 2000). October 10 : Harold Pinter
, British writer (d. 2008).
October 10: Yves Chauvin
, French chemist (d. 2015). October 14 : Mobutu Sese Seko
, Zairean politician, president between 1965 and 1997 (f. 1997).
October 14: Schafik Handal
, Salvadoran politician (d. 2006). October 16 : Carmen Sevilla
, actress, singer, dancer and TV presenter.
October 16: Elsa Marval
, Argentine actress, pianist and singer (d. 2010).
October 16: Francisco José Madero González
, Mexican politician (d. 2012). October 23 : José Castillo Farreras
, Mexican philosopher (d. 2008). October 27 : Jorge Grau
, Spanish film director. (f. 2018).
October 27: Adolfo Suárez Perret
, Peruvian billiard champion (f. 2001).
October 27: Wilfredo Peláez
, Uruguayan basketball player. (f. 2019).
October 27: Francisca Aguirre
, Spanish writer. (f. 2019). October 28 : Bernie Ecclestone
, British businessman. October 29 : Basilio Martin Patino
, Spanish film director (d. 2017).
October 29: Niki de Saint Phalle
, French artist (d. 2002). October 31 : Michael Collins
, American astronaut. November December Deaths January 3 : Efrén Rebolledo
, Mexican writer and diplomat (b. 1877). January 28 : Manuel Antonio
Pérez Sánchez, Galician poet (b.1900). January 30 : Manuel Zeno Gandía
, Puerto Rican writer and politician (b. 1855). February 13 : Conrad Ansorge
, German pianist, composer and teacher (b. 1862). March 2 : DH Lawrence
, British novelist and poet (b. 1885). March 8 : William Howard Taft
, American politician, 27th president between 1909 and 1913 (b. 1857). March 16 : Miguel Primo de Rivera
, military man and Spanish dictator between 1923 and 1930 (b. 1870). March 19 : Wilfrid Voynich , Lithuanian bibliophile, discoverer of the Voynich Manuscript
(b. 1865). March 28 : Félicien Menu de Ménil
, propagandist of French Esperanto (b. 1860). April 16 : José Carlos Mariátegui
(35 years old), founder of the Peruvian Socialist Party (b. 1894). May 1 : Ricardo Pampuri
, Italian saint and physician (b. 1897). May 10 : Julio Romero de Torres
, Spanish painter (b. 1874). May 13 : Fridtjof Nansen
, Norwegian explorer and politician, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1922 (b. 1861). May 20 : Alfredo Placencia
, Mexican poet and priest (b. 1875). May 27 : Gabriel Miró
, Spanish writer (b. 1879). June 30 : Cecilia Arizti , Cuban pianist, music educator and composer ( b.1856
. July 7 : Arthur Conan Doyle
, British writer (b. 1859). July 28 : Allvar Gullstrand , Swedish ophthalmologist
, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1911 (b. 1862). July 30 : Hans Gamper
, Spanish businessman, founder of the Barcelona Football Club (b. 1877). 21 of August - Aston Webb
, British architect. September 4 : Vladimir Arseniev
, Russian explorer and writer (b. 1872). September 9 : Joaquín Penina
(29 years old), Catalan anarchist, executed in Argentina (b. 1901). October 2 : Gordon Stewart Northcott
, American serial killer (b.1906). October 14 : Irene Alba
, Spanish actress (b. 1873). October 20 : Valeriano Weyler
, Spanish military and politician (b. 1838). November 2 : Alfred Wegener
, German meteorologist and geologist (b. 1880). November 5 : Christiaan Eijkman
, Dutch physiologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1929 (b. 1858). December 11 : José Toribio Medina
, Chilean bibliographer and historian (b. 1852). December 13 : Fritz Pregl
, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1923 (b. 1869).
December 13 (according to some sources): George W. Thomas , blues
pianist and composer . December 14 : Fermín Galán Rodríguez
, Spanish military (b. 1899). Art and literature Science and Technology Who Abraham Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln), de David W. Griffith. El ángel azul (The Blue Angel) , de Josef Von Sternberg
. Anna Christie (Anna Christie), de Clarence Brown. Murder ( Murder! ), Of Alfred Hitchcock
. Under the roofs of Paris (Sous les toits de Paris) , by René Clair
. The Conflict of the Marx Brothers (Animal Crackers) , by Victor Heerman
. The Golden Age (L'Âge d'or) , by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí
. Hampa dorada (Little Caesar) , de Mervyn LeRoy
. The general line or The old and the new (Staroye i novoye) , by Grigori Aleksandrov and Sergei M. Eisenstein
. Marruecos (Morocco) , de Josef Von Sternberg
. Quiet on the Western front (All Quiet on the Western Front) , of Lewis Milestone
. La Canción del Ritz (Puttin 'on the Ritz) , by Edward Sloman
. Crazy That Way (Crazy That Way), de Hamilton MacFadden. Scotland Yard (Scotland Yard), de William K. Howard. TV Sport external links