1946 ( MCMXLVI ) was a common year started on Tuesday according to the Gregorian calendar . Events January
1946: foundation of the Conquense Balompedic Union
. January 1 : In the United Kingdom, the first civil flight takes off at Heathrow Airport , bound for Buenos Aires with a stopover in Lisbon
. January 4 : In the United Kingdom , Theodore Schurch is the last person to be executed for crimes committed under the Treason Act
of 1940. January 4 : the American company IBM donates 109,000 pesetas to the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco to be distributed among the most needy classes in that country.
January 6 : Syd Barrett , founder of Pink Floyd, is born
. January 7 : The victorious powers in World War II recognize the borders of Austria
January 7: in Buenos Aires , Radio del Estado conducts FM broadcast tests for several hours. [ 1 ]
January 10 : in China , Mao Tsé-Tung and Chiang Kai-shek declare a ceasefire after the mediation of US President Harry S. Truman
10 of January: in Central Hall Westminster (London) the first session of the General Assembly of the United Nations
is celebrated . January 11 : in Albania , the dictator Enver Hoxha
proclaims the People's Republic. January 12 : the 19th edition of the Copa América begins in Argentina .
January 13 : the British government sets the monthly quota for Jewish immigration to Palestine
at 10,500 people. January 17 : the United Nations Security Council holds its first session in Central Hall Westminster
(London). January 18 : in Mexico , President Manuel Ávila Camacho founds the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) from the PRM
. January 19 : Douglas MacArthur
promulgates the Charter of the Military Tribunal for the Far East or Tokyo Tribunal. January 22 : in Iran , the notable Kurdish Qazi Muhammad declares the independence of the Republic of Mahabad in Chahar Cheragh Square .
January 28 : the so-called Plaza Bulnes Massacre takes place in Chile .
February February 1 : Hungary proclaims the republic; its president is Zoltan Tildy
1 of February: the Norwegian Trygve Lie
is chosen first secretary general of the UN. February 1: the Spanish government authorizes the recovery of nationality to citizens who have lost it as a military in the belligerent armies. 7 of February : in the United States, the defense minister supports the plans of Douglas MacArthur
to reactivate the Japanese exports. February 9 : the UN General Assembly condemns the Franco regime
(in Spain) and prohibits that country from joining the organization.
February 9: in the Soviet Union , Joseph Stalin
announces a new five-year plan for the USSR in order to surpass the West in the production of oil, steel and iron. February 10 : in Buenos Aires (Argentina) the Copa América ends and Argentina
is Champion for the Eighth Time of the Cup. February 13
: in the United Kingdom the anti-strike law of 1926 is repealed. February 14 : in the United Kingdom - within the framework of the nationalization policy - the Bank of England
is nationalized . February 15 : in the United States presentation of the ENIAC
, the first electronic computer. February 20 : The case of the murdered woman , by Miguel Mihura , is premiered at the María Guerrero Theater ( Madrid ) .
February 21 : in Egypt
the general strike provokes repression by the police, with the result of 12 civilians dead. 23 of February : in Bombay
, an anti-British demonstration gathers 300,000 strikers. February 24 : in Argentina , Juan Domingo Perón
wins the presidential elections with 56% of the votes. March March 1 : in Greece , the monarchy triumphs by a large majority in the plebiscite. George II announces his return to Athens
. March 2 : in North Vietnam , Hồ Chí Minh
is elected prime minister.
March 2: British troops withdraw from Iran in compliance with the agreements of the Tehran conference
. Soviet troops remain. March 5 : Winston Churchill gave a speech at the American University of Fulton, where he denounced the communist advance of Stalin's so-called Iron Curtain March 9 : the first supermarket was inaugurated in Mexico City
, offering self-service and cleaning as an option for the middle and upper classes against the Porfirian markets that were in poor condition. March 10 : in Italy
for the first time women vote in the first elections after the Second War to elect the Constituent Assembly that would draft the new Italian Constitution and its form of government, which would be elected in June of that year March 13 : in the USSR Iosif Stalin
responds harshly to Churchill's speech at Fulton 12 days ago. He says at the end of his pronouncement: we can affirm with complete confidence that they will be crushed as they were 27 years ago April Mayo June July
The United States expelled some 4,000 natives from Bikini Atoll to detonate the Able
atomic bomb (1946). July 1 : In Bikini Atoll , the United States detonates the Able atomic bomb (the fourth nuclear detonation in human history, and the first after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945). As fissile material it uses the infamous " Demon Core
" (see May 21, above). In 1968 he reinstated the 4000 natives who had lived there until 1946 in this atoll, but due to diseases he had to return them to other more distant islands. July 4 : The Philippines becomes independent from the United States
. July 5 : as a corollary of the Second World War (1938-1945), Berlin
is divided into four zones governed by the allies.
July 5: the bikini
is presented in society . July 7 : in Mexico, Miguel Alemán Valdés wins the presidential elections
. July 21 : in the city of La Paz (Bolivia) ―fogged by the media in the hands of mining potentates, who showed images of the lynching of Benito Mussolini (on April 28, 1945) -, students and workers They assassinate President Gualberto Villarroel with a burst of machine gun , throw him through the window of the Government House and hang him from a lamppost in Plaza Murillo
. July 25 : In Bikini Atoll , the United States detonates the Baker atomic bomb 27 m underwater (the fifth nuclear detonation in human history, and the second after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945). Due to the amount of unintentional contamination, it is considered the first nuclear disaster . In 1968, the United States will reinstall 4,000 natives on the atoll who had lived there until 1946, but due to disease they will have to expel them to other more distant islands.
August September October November December Births January January 1 : Rivelino
, Brazilian soccer player.
January 1: Juan Manuel Laguardia
, Venezuelan announcer, actor and producer. January 2 : Tomás de la Quadra Salcedo
, Spanish politician. January 3 : John Paul Jones
, British musician of the band Led Zeppelin.
January 3: Bernardo de la Maza
, Chilean news anchor. January 5 : Ada Itúrrez de Cappellini
, Argentine politician.
January 5: Diane Keaton
, American actress. January 6 : Syd Barrett , British musician of the band Pink Floyd (d. 2006
). January 13 : Mirta Busnelli
, Argentine actress. January 19 : Julian Barnes
, British novelist.
January 19: Dolly Parton
, American country singer, actress and songwriter. January 23 : Arnoldo Alemán , Nicaraguan politician, president between 1997 and 2002
. January 25 : Carlos Javier Beltrán , Argentine singer (f. 2012
). February February 1 : Pompeyo Torrealba
, Venezuelan military. February 6 : Kate McGarrigle , Canadian singer (d. 2010
). February 7 : Cepillín , clown, singer, actor and Mexican television presenter (f. 2021
). February 11 : Pasuk Phongpaichit
, Thai economist. February 20 : Brenda Blethyn
, British actress. February 21 : Anthony Daniels
, British actor. February 21 : Alan Rickman , British actor (d. 2016
). February 25 : Jean Todt
, French car leader. February 28 : Mirtha Ibarra
, Cuban screenwriter, playwright and actress. March March 2 : Blanca Sánchez , Mexican actress (d. 2010
). March 3 : Jorge Asís
, Argentine writer and politician. March 6 : David Gilmour
, British musician of the band Pink Floyd. March 8 : José Manuel Lara Bosch , Spanish businessman (d. 2015
). March 12 : Liza Minnelli
, singer and American actress. March 13 : Yonatán Netanyahu , Israeli military, older brother of Benjamin Netanyahu (d. 1976
). March 14 : Gianni Bella
, Italian singer-songwriter. March 19 : Kado Kostzer
, Argentine playwright and director. March 21 : Timothy Dalton
, British actor.
March 21: Miguel Abuelo (Miguel Ángel Peralta), Argentine musician and poet (d. 1988
). March 28 : Alejandro Toledo , Peruvian politician, president between 2001 and 2006
. March 29 : Rigo Tovar , Mexican musician (d. 2005
). April April 3 : Marisa Paredes
, Spanish actress. April 6 : José Ramón Fernández
, Mexican sports writer. April 7 : Stella Maris Closas
, Argentine actress and theater director. April 9 : Francisco Vázquez Vázquez
, Spanish politician. April 12 : Beto Fernandez , the Argentine singer (d. 1980
April 12: Ed O'Neill
, American actor. April 19 : Tim Curry
, British actor. April 21 : Ariedo Braida
, Italian footballer.
April 21: Gilson Peranzzetta
, Brazilian pianist, composer, conductor and arranger. April 25 : Talia Shire
, American actress. April 27 : Pedro Luis Martínez Larriba
, Spanish doctor, writer, poet and playwright. April 30 : Carlos XVI Gustavo , Swedish king since 1973
. Mayo May 2 : David Suchet
, British actor. May 8 : Jonathan Dancy
, British philosopher, writer and academic. May 9 : Candice Bergen
, American actress. May 10 : Donovan
, British musician.
May 10: Maureen Lipman
, British actress. May 19 : André Roussimoff , French professional wrestler (d. 1993
). May 20 : Cher
, American actress and singer. May 22 : George Best
, Northern Irish footballer.
May 22: Virginia Lago
, Argentine actress. May 23 : Rodolfo Aicardi , Colombian singer-songwriter of popular music (d. 2007
). May 24 : José de Abreu
, Brazilian actor. May 29 : Fernando Buesa , Spanish politician (d. 2000
). May 30 : Eduardo Fungairiño
, Spanish jurist.
May 30: Raúl Delgado Estévez , Venezuelan musician (f. 2019
May 30: Supachai Panitchpakdi
, Thai politician. June June 1 : Brian Cox
, Scottish actor. June 2 : Tomomichi Nishimura
, Japanese voice actor . June 3 : Penelope Wilton
, British actress. 5 de junio : Stefania Sandrelli
, Italian actriz. June 14 : Donald Trump , 45th President of the United States
. June 15 : Demis Roussos , Greek singer (d. 2015
). June 16 : Gérard Grisey , French composer (d. 1998
). June 18 : Fabio Capello
, coach and former Italian footballer. June 26 : Virgilio Zapatero
, Spanish politician and jurist. June 30 : José Ramón Esnaola
, Spanish footballer. July July 3 : Bolo Yeung
, actor and Chinese martial artist. July 6 : George W. Bush , politician and US president between 2001 and 2009
July 6: Gerardo Romano
, Argentine film, theater and television actor.
July 6: Peter Singer
, Australian philosopher.
July 6: Sylvester Stallone
, American actor. July 9 : Bon Scott , British singer, of the band AC / DC (d. 1980
). July 16 : Darío Arizmendi
, Colombian journalist. July 21 : Domingo Cavallo
, Argentine economist. July 22 : Danny Glover
, American actor.
July 22: Mireille Mathieu
, French singer. July 25 : Rita Marley
, Jamaican vocalist. July 27 : Gwynne Gilford
, American actress. July 29 : Ximena Armas
, Chilean painter. August August 3 : Jack Straw
, British politician. August 7 : John C. Mather
, American astrophysicist and cosmologist, Nobel laureate in physics. 8 de agosto : Jean-Claude Désir
, Haitian futbolista. August 11 : Rodrigo Lara Bonilla , Minister of Justice of Colombia (d. 1984
). August 12 : Alain Pellegrini
, French military man. August 13 : Chitchai Wannasathit
, Thai politician.
August 13: Hipólito Reyes Larios
, Mexican archbishop. August 16 : Ramón Núñez Centella
, Spanish scientific disseminator. 19 of August : Bill Clinton , politician and American president from 1993 to 2001
. August 20 : Laurent Fabius
, French politician. August 21 : José Antonio Peláez Bardales
, Peruvian lawyer, magistrate and jurist.
August 21: María Uriz
, Spanish soprano August 23 : Tarik Carson
, Uruguayan writer and painter.
23 of August: Keith Moon , British musician of the band The Who (d. 1978
). September September 1 : Roh Moo-Hyun , South Korean president from 2003 to 2008 (d. 2009
1 of September: Barry Gibb
, British singer of the band The Bee Gees. September 2 : Abel Caballero
, Spanish politician, writer and economist
September 2: Billy Preston , American soul musician (d. 2006
). September 5 : Freddie Mercury , British singer of the band Queen (d. 1991
). September 7 : Francisco Varela , Chilean biologist and philosopher (f. 2001
September 7: Juan José Benítez
, Spanish ufologist and writer. September 10 : Jim Hines
, American athlete.
September 10: Shlomo Sand
, Israeli historian and writer. September 13 : Silvia Mariscal
, Mexican actress. October October 2 : Marie-Georges Pascal , French actress (d. 1985
). October 3 : Ricardo Brandon , Uruguayan soccer player (d. 2016
). October 4 : Susan Sarandon
, American actress. October 9 : Fernando Brant , Brazilian poet, lyricist, journalist and scriptwriter (d. 2015
October 9: Carlos López Puccio
, Argentine musician and comedian, from Les Luthiers.
October 9: Johannes van Dam , Dutch culinary journalist and writer (d. 2013
). October 15 : Richard Carpenter
, American singer. October 16 : Suzanne Somers
, American actress. October 17 : Manuel "Flaco" Ibáñez
, Mexican actor. October 18 : Pablo Guerrero
, Spanish singer-songwriter. October 20 : Elfriede Jelinek
, Austrian writer. October 23 : Alicia Borinsky
, Argentine novelist, poet and academic living in the United States.
October 23: Graça Machel
, Mozambican politics.
October 23: Mel Martínez
, American politician. October 25 : Elías Figueroa
, Chilean soccer player. October 29 : Angelino Garzón
, Colombian politician. October 30 : Horacio Fontova
, Argentine artist. November November 4 : Laura Bush
, first lady of the United States.
November 4: Alfonso Ortiz , Colombian actor (f. 2020
). November 5 : Leopoldo Moreau
, Argentine Alfonsinist journalist and politician.
November 5: Gram Parsons , American musician (d. 1973
). November 6 : Sally Field
, American actress. November 8 : Guus Hiddink
, Dutch footballer and coach.
November 8: Jorge Valero
, Venezuelan politician and diplomat. November 9 : Marina Warner
, British writer. November 21 : Emma Cohen
, Spanish actress. November 24 : Julio Ducuron
, Argentine impressionist painter. November 26 : Itamar Singer , Romanian-Israeli writer and historian (d. 2012
). November 28 : Ted Bundy murderer in American series (f. 1989
). November 29 : Juan Alberto Badía , Argentine presenter and announcer (f. 2012
November 29: Silvio Rodríguez
, Cuban singer-songwriter of the Nueva Trova. December December 3 : Joop Zoetemelk
, Dutch cyclist. December 4 : Karina
, Spanish singer.
December 4: Sebastián Ospina
, Colombian actor. December 5 : José Carreras
, Spanish tenor. December 10 : Flores Chaviano
Cuban guitarist, conductor and composer. December 14 : Jane Birkin
, British singer December 16 : Trevor Pinnock
, conductor and British harpsichord.
December 16: Benny Andersson
, Swedish musician of the band ABBA. December 18 : Steven Spielberg
, American filmmaker. December 20 : Dick Wolf
, American television producer. December 21 : Carl Wilson American musician, of the band The Beach Boys (d. 1998
). December 26 : Marina Cárdenas
, Nicaraguan bolero singer. December 29 : Marianne Faithfull
, British singer.
December 29: Juan Manuel Roca
, Colombian poet and writer.
December 29: Isabel Martínez "La Tarabilla"
, Mexican actress. December 30 : Patti Smith
, American singer.
December 30: Berti Vogts
, German footballer and coach. Unknown dates Deaths January 3 : William Joyce
(40), American Nazi propagandist (b.1906). January 26 : Adriaan van Maanen
, Dutch astronomer (b. 1884). February 5 : Max González Olaechea
, Peruvian doctor. April 3 : Masaharu Homma
, Japanese general (b. 1888). April 14 : Julio Mangada
, Spanish military (b. 1877). April 21 : John Maynard Keynes
, British economist (b. 1883). March 23 : Francisco Largo Caballero
, politician and Spanish socialist leader (b. 1869). March 24 : Alexander Alekhine
, Russian chess player (b. 1892). May 6 : Alcides Arguedas
, Bolivian writer, politician and historian (b. 1879). May 21 : Louis Slotin
(35), Canadian physicist victim of a nuclear accident (b. 1910). May 22 : Karl Hermann Frank
, German SS soldier (b. 1898). June 1 : Leo Slezak
, German tenor (b.1873). June 6 : Gerhart Hauptmann
, German playwright, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1912 (b. 1862).
June 8: Amelia Cuñat y Monleón
, ceramic draftsman (b.1878) June 27 : Juan Antonio Ríos
, Chilean president (b. 1888). July 5 : Teresa Andrés Zamora
, Spanish librarian (b. 1907).
July 27: Gertrude Stein
, American writer (b. 1874). August 13 : HG Wells
, British writer (b. 1866). September 3 : Moriz Rosenthal
, Polish pianist (b.1862). 16 of September : Mamie Smith
, American singer of jazz and blues (b. 1883). October 15 : Hermann Göring , head of the German Luftwaffe
during World War II (b. 1893). October 16 : Wilhelm Keitel , German field marshal and commander of the high command of the Werhmacht
(b. 1882). 16 of October : Ernst Kaltenbrunner , general of the SS, head of the Gestapo and of the Central Office of Security of the Reich
(RSHA) (b. 1903). October 16 : Hans Frank , military man, lawyer and governor general of the Poland occupied by Nazi Germany
(b. 1900). October 16 : Alfred Rosenberg
, Nazi politician and leading ideologue of Nazism (b. 1893). October 16 : Fritz Sauckel
, Nazi politician, and General Commissioner in charge of slave labor (b. 1894). October 16 : Julius Streicher , German military and editor of the anti-Semitic newspaper Der Stürmer
(b. 1885). October 16 : Alfred Jodl
, German general (b. 1890). October 16 : Joachim von Ribbentrop
, Nazi politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs during World War II (b. 1893). October 16 : Arthur Seyß-Inquart
, Austrian politician, and governor of the Netherlands occupied by Nazi Germany (b. 1892). October 24 : Kurt Daluege , Nazi officer with the rank of colonel general, head of the Ordnungspolizei and deputy protector of Bohemia and Moravia
(1897). October 25 : Manuel Carlés
(71), Argentine writer and politician, founder of the far-right terrorist band Liga Patriótica Argentina (b. 1875). November 9 : Salvador Mazza
, Argentine doctor (b. 1886). November 14 : Manuel de Falla
, Spanish musician (b. 1876). December 4 : María de la Paz de Borbón
, Infanta of Spain (b. 1862). December 27 : Pedro Mata Domínguez
, Spanish writer (b. 1875). Art and literature Science and Technology Who Premieres Through the mirror (The Dark Mirror) , by Robert Siodmak
. , de Al filo de la navaja (The Razor's Edge) Edmund Goulding. de Ana y el rey del Siam (Anna And The King Of Siam) John Cromwell. Beauty and the Beast , by Jean Cocteau
. Song of the South (Song of the south) , of Wilfred Jackson and Harve Foster The Postman Always Calls Twice , by Tay Garnett
. The Castle of Dragonwyck (Dragonwyck) , by Joseph L. Mankiewicz
. The Crime of Bordadores Street , by Edgar Neville
. Crisis (Kris) , by Ingmar Bergman
. Of love also dies (Humoresque) by Jean Negulesco
. de La dalia azul (The Blue Dahlia) George Marshall. The Awakening (The Yearling) , by Clarence Brown
. El diablo y yo (Angel on my Shoulder) , by Archie Mayo
. Diary of a Chambermaid (The Diary of a Chambermaid) , by Jean Renoir
. Duel to the sun (Duel in the Sun) , of King Vidor
. Chained (Notorious) , by Alfred Hitchcock
. The Sin of Cluny Brown (Cluny Brown) , by Ernst Lubitsch The spiral staircase (The Spiral Staircase) of Robert Siodmak
. Escándalo en París (A Scandal in Paris) , by Douglas Sirk
. de La exótica (Saratoga Trunk) Sam Wood. The Strange (The Stranger) , of Orson Welles
. Strange love of Martha Ivers (The Strange Love of Martha Ivers) of Lewis Milestone
. Gilda by Charles Vidor . Outlaws , by Robert Siodmak
. Great Expectations (Great Expectations) of David Lean
. Iván el Terrible , by Sergéi Eisenstein
. The shoe shine , by Vittorio De Sica
. Sister Kenny (Sister Kenny) of Dudley Nichols
. The Al Jolson Story (The Jolson Story) by Alfred E. Green Llueve sobre nuestro amor (It rains on our love) , Ingmar Bergman
. The Best Years of Our Lives (The Best Years of our Lives) , of William Wyler
. Mariona Rebull , by José Luis Sáenz de Heredia
. , de Narciso negro (Black Narcissus) Michael Powell y Emeric Pressburger. Night and Day (Night & Day) by Michael Curtiz Paisá , by Roberto Rossellini
. Passion of the strong (My Darling Clementine) , by John Ford
. The doors of the night (Les Portes de la nuit) , by Marcel Carné
. Living is beautiful! (It's A Wonderful Life) by Frank Capra
. Utopia Road (Road To Utopia) of Hal Walker , de Solo en la noche (Somewhere in the night) Joseph L. Mankiewicz. I am a fugitive , by Miguel M. Delgado (with Cantinflas
). It happened on the train (Without reservations) , by Mervin LeRoy
. The Eternal Sleep (The Big Sleep) , by Howard Hawks
. A new drama , by Juan de Orduña
. A Night In Casablanca by Archie Mayo (with the Marx Brothers ) A field game by Jean Renoir
. Utamaro y sus 5 mujeres (Utamaro o meguru gonin no onna) , de Kenji Mizoguchi
. de La vida íntima de Julia Norris (To Each His Own) Mitchell Leisen TV Sport References external links