1. SC Göttingen 05 - 1. SC Göttingen 05
|1. SC Göttingen 05|
1. Sports Club from |
1905 e. V. Göttingen
|place||Göttingen , Lower Saxony|
June 30, 1905 |
as Göttinger FC 05
|Dissolved||18. September 2003|
|Club colors||Black yellow|
|Top league|| Gauliga Lower Saxony |
|successes||Lower Saxony Cup winner 1963|
The 1. SC Göttingen 05 was a sports club from the Lower Saxony city of Göttingen . The association was founded on June 30, 1905; on September 18, 2003 it was dissolved due to bankruptcy . His club colors were black and yellow. Legal successor is RSV Göttingen 05, founded in 2005 .
The club became known for its football department . For five years, the first team played in the then first-class Gauliga Niedersachsen and Südhannover-Braunschweig . After the Second World War , the people of Göttingen belonged to the first-class Oberliga Nord for ten years . At the end of the 1960s, the team failed three times in the promotion round to the Bundesliga . Later they played in the 2nd Bundesliga for four years .
The basketball and handball departments were also successful nationwide . The basketball players were German champions six times and cup winners once . The handball players played in the 2nd Bundesliga for a total of six years .
Early years (1905 to 1933)
On June 30, 1905, some senior students gathered in the Zum Anker restaurant and founded the Göttingen soccer club 05 . The club was a successor to the Göttingen football club , which had been founded in 1898 and which has since been dissolved.  Originally, the club belonged to the West German Game Association . As early as 1908, the club reached the first-class A-class in Hessen and met clubs from Kassel and Fulda . After the descent in 1911, it took until 1919 before the ascent again succeeded.
Thanks to good connections to the Reichswehr , the club was able to keep up with the strong clubs from Kassel. The team, which had been playing as VfR 05 Göttingen since May 4, 1920, was able to celebrate the championship of the Southern Hanover District League that same year . On May 27, 1921, the name was finally changed to 1. SC Göttingen 05 . After many years in the middle of the table, the move to the West German finals was within reach in 1932. However, the finals for the district championship were lost 3-0 and 4-1 against Borussia Fulda . With 3,000 spectators at the home game in the Maschpark stadium, which opened in 1926 , a new record was set. 
In the Third Reich (1933 to 1945)
After the National Socialists came to power , football was also restructured. 1. SC Göttingen 05 was accepted into the Lower Saxony Gauliga, but developed into an elevator team in the following years . With six points behind a non-relegation place, the 1st SC had to leave the Gauliga immediately. After returning in 1936, the direct relegation followed. The team was only able to score one point and the home game against Werder Bremen was lost 2:10.
In 1938 and 1939 the Göttingen team failed in the promotion round and had to give way to the hunters from Bückeburg and SV Linden 07 . It was not until 1940 that the team of coach Bernd Kellerhoff, 1932 German champion with Eintracht Frankfurt , managed to get promoted again.  In 1942, the division of the Lower Saxony Gauliga into the Gauligen Südhannover-Braunschweig and Weser-Ems prevented relegation.
A year later the 1. SC had to leave the Gauliga Südhannover-Braunschweig. The team had to endure three double-digit defeats. In addition to a 2:12 defeat at SV Linden 07, there was a 0:14 at WSV Nebeltruppe Celle and the low point was a 0:21 defeat at champions Eintracht Braunschweig . For the 1944/45 season a league was planned for the greater Göttingen area, in which the 1st SC should take part. Because of the Second World War , the round was canceled. 
Post-war period (1945 to 1964)
After the Second World War, 1. SC Göttingen 05 had to disband. Schwarz-Gelb Göttingen was founded in July 1945 as the successor association . Numerous displaced persons from the eastern areas of the German Empire settled in Göttingen, including numerous football players, from whom the club should benefit. A league with ten teams was set up for southern Lower Saxony. A place in this league was planned for Göttingen, which was awarded through a playoff between black and yellow and the SVG Göttingia . The black and yellow won the game on February 2, 1946 4-1. 
After a sixth place in the first season you missed qualifying for the newly created Oberliga Nord a year later in ninth place . This was made up for a year later. As champions of the Hildesheim state league and after successfully completing the elimination round against the other Lower Saxony state league champions, the team was level on points with Itzehoer SV third in the promotion round. The playoff in Hanover was won 3-0. At the same time the traditional club name 1. SC Göttingen 05 could be used again.
Even if the Göttingen team could not keep up in the Oberliga Nord and ended the season in relegation position eleven, a football euphoria was triggered in the city. The home games were attended by an average of 11,000 spectators, which is a club record to this day. Through the introduction of the contract player statute , relegation was suspended and the Oberliga Nord increased to 16 clubs. 
In the following years there was an upswing. The juniors became Lower Saxony champions in 1949. The striker Günter Schlegel from Zeitz had already been in the team since January of the same year and was to become the most successful league hunter in the club's history. During the 1950/51 season, Göttingen 05 took the lead after a 2-0 victory over Hamburger SV in front of 22,000 spectators. Bad luck with injuries threw the team back to ninth place.
After the season, Fritz Rebell took over as coach. This led the team initially to sixth, a year later even to fifth place. Torjäger Schlegel was the top scorer with 26 goals , but left the club in 1953 for Hamburger SV. At the end of the 1952/53 season, Göttingen 05 was fined because the away game against Eintracht Osnabrück had "irregularities". 
Because of the comfort-free Maschpark with only a few seats, Göttingen 05 could no longer keep up with the established top division clubs and fell back into the middle of the table in the following years. In 1955 a voluntary withdrawal from the league was considered because of a mountain of debts in the amount of 40,000 marks .  After several years in the midfield followed in 1958 the descent.
The direct resurgence was missed, as the playoff for participation in the promotion round against Eintracht Osnabrück was lost 0-1. The team was then rejuvenated with its own talents and was able to win the Lower Saxony Cup in 1963 with a 2-1 victory over Rot-Weiß Scheeßel . For the season 1963/64 Fritz Rebell returned to Göttingen; he led the team to the runner-up. The following round of promotion to the Regionalliga Nord ended the Göttingen tied with VfL Pinneberg. Göttingen 05 won the decider in Bremen 1-0.
Between regional and 2nd Bundesliga (1964 to 1981)
In the then modern 4-2-4 system (four defenders , two midfielders , four strikers ) from Göttingen, they became a surprise team in the 1964/65 regional league season and immediately took fifth place. Just one season later , the team referred to by the image as the "rebel eleven"  was able to win the runner-up due to the better goal quotient against Holstein Kiel . The team now had to play in a preliminary round for the Bundesliga promotion round against 1. FC Saarbrücken and lost both games.
1967 Göttingen 05 qualified again as runner-up for the promotion round, but could only win there against Tennis Borussia Berlin and was penultimate. A year later , Göttingen football reached its zenith . Again they took part in the promotion round and were able to defeat SV Alsenborn 3-0 at the beginning . Two unfortunate defeats at Hertha BSC and Rot-Weiss Essen made Göttingen's chances dwindle. In the second half of the season, hopes for the Bundesliga burst through defeats in Alsenborn and at FC Bayern Hof .
For the 1968/69 season , Göttingen 05 had to move to the Jahn Stadium because the Maschpark had to give way to road construction. Since the club had a row over the financing of a new stadium with the city administration, a new Maschpark was built at its own expense, which was inaugurated in February 1971 with a 6-0 win against Itzehoer SV .  The team always kept within the upper half of the table, but never returned to the vicinity of the promotion round.
The 1973/74 season was overshadowed by financial problems. At times the association was in danger of bankruptcy .  As Tabellenzwölfter the team qualified for the newly created 2nd Bundesliga. There she got off to a good start and after a 2-2 draw at Borussia Dortmund , the Göttingen team took over the championship lead. In the second half of the season, the team slipped to 10th place. In the following season , the level could be maintained with 11th place, but the average attendance slipped down by half.
In 1977 he was relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga. Some top performers came shortly before the start of the season from the Student World Cup in Uruguay  and after a botched start to the season it was only enough for 17th place. The only highlight of the season was a 9-0 victory over VfL Wolfsburg . When the Bonn SC was refused the license, the Göttingen club management even decided not to move up.
The direct resurgence was missed. In the promotion round , the Göttingen failed at SC Viktoria Köln and DSC Wanne-Eickel . Two years later it worked out better. As runners-up, the Göttingen team had to play two promotion games against the West Berlin champions BFC Preussen . After a 1-0 win in their own stadium, the team made the recovery with a 1-1 in Berlin perfect.
The joy about it was, however, clouded by the decision of the DFB to convert the 2nd Bundesliga for the 1981/82 season from a two-track to a single-track league. As eighteenth, the qualification for the single-track league was missed by lengths and Göttingen 05 said goodbye to professional football.
In the amateur camp (1981 to 1995)
The league season 1981/82 was eventful despite the missed promotion. The home game against the champions Werder Bremen Amateure was lost 5-6. But the Göttingen team caused a sensation in the 1981/82 DFB Cup . After victories over TuS Xanten , Rot-Weiß Oberhausen , SC Urania Hamburg and after a replay against 1. FC Bocholt , the team reached the quarter-finals. 23,650 spectators, the highest number of spectators in Göttingen football history, saw a 2-4 defeat against Hamburger SV. 
Two years later , the Göttingen team reached the round of 16 in the cup. First, the team managed a 4-2 win against Bundesliga club Eintracht Frankfurt , then prevailed 1-0 at Spvgg. 03 Neu-Isenburg and were eliminated in the second round with 0-1 against Hertha BSC . In 1987 the Göttingen team reached the German amateur championship, but were eliminated in the first round against Tennis Borussia Berlin.
In the meantime, the entrepreneur Jürgen Beinling took over the chairmanship and brought in Karl-Heinz Mrosko a well-known coach. The runner-up could already be celebrated in the 1988/89 season . In the promotion round to the 2nd Bundesliga , only one point was missing, Göttingen 05 was only third behind MSV Duisburg and Preußen Münster . Two years later , the Göttingen team were runner-up again, but were only third in the promotion round, from which FC Remscheid only allowed the first to rise.
In the 1992/93 season , the team was missing at the end of the season only one point to qualify for the promotion round. A year later , in thirteenth place, the team barely qualified for the re-established Regionalliga Nord. Again the team played against relegation. A 1: 2 home defeat against FC Bremerhaven sealed the first relegation to fourth division at the end of the season. 
Elevator years and decline (1995 to 2003)
Göttingen 05 started its first fourth division season with a strongly rejuvenated team made up of regional talent. Despite major financial problems, they became runner-up behind Sportfreunde Ricklingen . In February 1996 bankruptcy threatened, which could be prevented by some patrons.  In the rise of games for the team against the Regional sat TSV Pansdorf by.
The financial difficulties caught up with the club again. Before the regional league season 1997/98 you had to give up numerous top performers and was knocked off the last. At the Hannover 96 champions, the Göttingen team lost 0:10. With an international team, the immediate rise was achieved. 2,500 spectators saw the decisive 7-1 victory over MTV Gifhorn .
The 1999/2000 regional league season was dominated by qualification for the two-track regional league from 2000, which the Göttingen team missed out on in ninth place. At the same time, a group of sponsors who wanted to remain unknown appeared to bring the club forward. The group, behind the Kinowelt founder Michael Kölmel , who once studied in Göttingen, excused the club and gave it the opportunity to sign expensive players.
In terms of sport, the 2000/01 season was successful. However, after Kinowelt had to file for bankruptcy and stopped making payments to the association, Göttingen 05 also got into trouble. Due to the better goal difference to Kickers Emden , the Göttingen team won the championship, but had to file for bankruptcy four days before the first promotion game against Holstein Kiel.  The first leg of the climb won Kiel with 2: 0th In the second leg in front of 7,000 spectators in Göttingen they won 3-0, which was enough for the promotion. Two days later, the DFB refused the Göttingen license.
The next few years were like a sporting and financial decline. In the 2001/02 season the team played promisingly for promotion before six top performers had to be sold during the winter break. A year later , the relegation followed as bottom of the table. The insolvency proceedings dragged on after the insolvency administrator had initially been replaced and then sued again. 
On September 18, 2003, the creditors' meeting voted against the submitted insolvency plan, as the creditors should only receive ten percent of their claims. The players also voted against the plan and received nothing.  Nine days later the team for the last championship game approached and reached a 1: 1 against MTV Wolfenbüttel . Then the association was deleted from the register of associations and dissolved. In order to save the youth teams, a successor club was founded with 1. FC Göttingen 05 , which merged in 2005 with long-term cooperation partner RSV Geismar to form RSV Göttingen 05 .
On September 20, 2012, the board of RSV Göttingen 05 decided unanimously to outsource the football department from the club and to run it again under the name 1. SC Göttingen 05 from the 2013/14 season. The old yellow and black coat of arms is also intended to replace the current black, yellow and green RSV coat of arms. I. SC Göttingen 05 was chosen as the new name . 
- Bruno Akrapović (1990–1991) was a Bundesliga player at Energie Cottbus
- Horst Barth (1953–1958), won the DFB Cup with Werder Bremen in 1961
- Manfred Behrendt (1976–1977), German amateur national player
- Najeh Braham (2000–2002) became a Tunisian international
- Walter Gruler (1975–1977), was a Bundesliga player at Hertha BSC
- Dieter Hochheimer (1974–1976) was a Bundesliga player at Tennis Borussia Berlin
- Wilfried Klinge (1976–1977) was a first division player in Belgium at RFC Liège
- Dietmar Mürdter (1964–1967) was a Bundesliga player at 1. FC Köln
- Kurt Pinkall (1977–1978) was a Bundesliga player at VfL Bochum and Borussia Mönchengladbach
- Michael Richter (1985–1987) was a Bundesliga player for Arminia Bielefeld
- Reinhard Roder (1964–1967) player, (1972–1976) coach, was a Bundesliga player at 1. FC Köln
- Thomas Rohrbach (1968–1970) was a Bundesliga player at Eintracht Frankfurt
- Jan Schindelmeiser (1981–?) Was a manager at Bundesliga club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
- Günter Schlegel (1948–1953) was the top scorer in the Oberliga Nord in 1952/53
- Lothar Sippel (1972–1983) youth, (1983–1985) player, was a Bundesliga player at Eintracht Frankfurt and Borussia Dortmund
- Hans-Joachim Weller (1968–1970) was a Bundesliga player at Hannover 96 and VfB Stuttgart
- Markus Wuckel (1991–1992) was a GDR national player
- Joachim Krug (1989–1990, 1998–2000), 1999 promotion to the then third-class Regionalliga Nord
- Helmut Latermann (1977–1981, 1990–1991), league with promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga 1979/80 and the 1990/91 season, promotion round to the 2nd Bundesliga
- Karl-Heinz Mrosko (1985–1989, 1994–1995), Oberliga, promotion round 2nd division 1985 and 1989
- Bernd Oles (1976-1977), trained the team in the second division season 1976/77
- Fritz Rebell (1951–1955, 1963–1969) led the team to participate in the promotion rounds to the 1st Bundesliga in 1966, 1967, 1968
- Reinhard Roder (1972–1976)
The handball department had its most successful period from the mid-80s to 1996. Between 1985 and 1987, the club, under coach Jürgen Kloth, made the leap from the association league to the major league and into the regional league . In the 1988/89 season the 05er rose as champions of the Regionalliga Nord under coach Günter Böttcher for the first time in the 2nd handball Bundesliga. From there, the Göttingen team had to relegate a year later , as the eleventh place, which was enough to keep them in the league, was missed by one point and even a relegation against a southern second division team meant relegation due to the relegation.
After the immediate resurgence in 1991 under coach Heinz Krüger, the team reached fourth place in the 1991/92 season under coach Jürgen Kloth, which was also the best placement in the club's history. After several years in midfield, the team had to relegate as bottom of the table after the 1995/96 season . In the summer of 1999, the handball players of 1. SC Göttingen 05 entered a syndicate with MTV Rosdorf . After the 1. SC Göttingen 05 ended due to insolvency, the syndicate was dissolved again. 
The basketball players of 1. SC Göttingen 05 were among the most successful basketball teams in Germany in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972 and 1974 the Göttingen women won the German championship. In addition, she won the first ever German Cup in 1973. In the mid-1970s, the club's board wanted to put more money into the soccer department, so the women's basketball department was completely dissolved. Many players joined the BG 74 Göttingen . 
- Hardy Greens : Northern Germany - Between TSV Achim, Hamburger SV and TuS Zeven . In: Legendary football clubs . AGON, Kassel 2004, ISBN 3-89784-223-8 , p. 352–355.
- Hardy Greens : From the Crown Prince to the Bundesliga . In: Encyclopedia of German League Football . tape 1. AGON, Kassel 1996, ISBN 3-928562-85-1, S. 261.
- Hardy Greens : From the Crown Prince to the Bundesliga . In: Encyclopedia of German League Football . tape 1. AGON, Kassel 1996, ISBN 3-928562-85-1, S. 330.
- darn Wednesday. Football Week, accessed June 19, 2014 .
- The 1. SC Göttingen 05 is written as I. Göttingen 05. Göttinger Tageblatt , accessed on June 19, 2014 .
- Christian Wolf, Jochen Asmussen: To the history of the handball association. (No longer available online.) HG Rosdorf-Grone, archived from the original on May 5, 2014 ; Retrieved June 19, 2014 .
- Michael Geisendorf: Crate of beer from the 05 board for championship. Göttinger Tageblatt, accessed on June 19, 2014 .