1st Lower Alsatian Infantry Regiment No. 132 - 1. Unter-Elsässisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 132

1st Lower Alsatian Infantry Regiment No. 132

active March 24, 1881 to February 15, 1919
State coat of arms Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
Insinuation WE. Army Corps /
XV. Army Corps
Location see garrison
management
Commanders See commanders

The first sub-Alsatian Infantry Regiment. 132 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

story

The association was established by AKO on March 24, 1881 (Foundation Day) as Infantry Regiment No. 132 . The formation took place through the VI. Army Corps and the 8th Division . After the formation of three battalions , the regiment of the 24th Infantry Brigade was subordinate to the 12th Division and was assigned to Glatz as a garrison .

On March 31, 1888, the regiment joined the association of the XV. Army Corps and was subordinated to the 61st Infantry Brigade . A new garrison was connected with the change and the regiment was stationed in Strasbourg from that point on . On October 1, 1893, an IV (half) battalion with a 13th and 14th company was created from levies from the existing companies. In the same year the association took part in the Imperial Maneuver in Alsace . In addition, the new Bitsch military training area could be used for the first time. The IV. (Half) Battalion was given up on March 31, 1897 to form the Infantry Regiment No. 172 .

On January 27, 1902, Wilhelm II issued the army order that the associations, which had previously been run without a rural team name, were given an extension of their name in order to better differentiate and develop tradition. From this point on, the regiment was known as the 1st Lower Alsatian Infantry Regiment No. 132 .

Boxing distance

On the occasion of the establishment of the East Asian Expeditionary Corps to suppress the Boxer Rebellion , the regiment was given the task of forming the staff of the 1st Battalion and the 1st Company of the 4th East Asian Infantry Regiment . One officer and 25 NCOs and men transferred to the 4th East Asian Infantry Regiment and took part in the fighting in China. Later a sergeant and two men moved up.

Hereroau Distance

On the occasion of the suppression of the Herero uprising in 1904 in the colony of German South West Africa , members of the regiment again volunteered. One officer and 19 NCOs and men served in the colony.

First World War

The regiment made of the outbreak World War on August 2, 1914 mobile . As part of the 39th Division's 61st Infantry Brigade , it was deployed on the Western Front throughout the war . Here the regiment took part in the battles in Lorraine and Nancy - Epinal and then went into position battles in Flanders and Artois . After heavy losses in the First Battle of Flanderson November 17, 1914, the III. Battalion to be disbanded. The remnants went over to the 2nd Battalion. At the end of the year the III. Battalion set up again. Until January 1916, the association was engaged in trench warfare on the Yser and then took part in the battles for Verdun . In February the regiment received a 2nd and in September 1916 a 3rd MG company. The fighting for Verdun was interrupted from October to November 1916 by participation in the Battle of the Somme . At the end of December 1916, the regiment was used in trench warfare in Champagne , then fought in April / May 1917 in the Battle of the Aisneand was then again in trench warfare in Flanders and Artois. The association took part in the German spring offensive at the end of March 1918 . The regiment suffered great losses in the ensuing battles of position and retreat, and the remnants merged into two companies on August 28, 1918. Only at the end of September could the regiment be replenished with replacements, with the 4th, 8th and 12th companies being disbanded. In mid-October there were heavy casualties again in the fighting for Geluve and Menin. The remnants formed a battalion with two companies. Due to the lack of a first position , this battalion could initially only be reinforced to three companies and one machine gun company on October 19.

Whereabouts

Since the old Strasbourg garrison could no longer be reached after the end of the war , the remnants of the regiment marched to Nordhausen , where demobilization took place from December 11, 1918 , which was completed by February 15, 1919.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 14th Company of the 17th Infantry Regiment in Celle by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

Regimentschef

Berthold von Deimling

The first and only head of the regiment since May 25, 1917, was General of the Infantry Berthold von Deimling .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [1]
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Theodore at the end March 22, 1881 to January 14, 1887
Oberst Emil Rasch January 15, 1887 to March 21, 1888
Oberst Camill Schaible March 22, 1888 to September 20, 1889
Oberst Julius Less September 21, 1889 to May 16, 1892
Oberst Frederick W. May 17, 1892 to January 26, 1894
Oberst Georg von Manstein January 27, 1894 to March 21, 1897
Oberst Julius von Salmuth March 22, 1897 to November 15, 1899
Oberst Adolph Strahl November 16, 1899 to March 21, 1903
Oberst Karl Rinck von Baldenstein March 22, 1903 to April 13, 1907
Oberst Friedrich von Grolman April 14, 1907 to March 19, 1911
Oberst Alexander Heye March 20, 1911 to August 17, 1913
Oberst Karl Grote January 20, 1914 to June 23, 1916
Oberst Lothar von Westrell June 24, 1916 to May 2, 1917
Lieutenant colonel Siegfried von Woltersdorf 0 May 3, 1917 to June 14, 1918
Major Idol June 15 to September 9, 1918
(in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant colonel Kurt Thinks September 10, 1918 to January 19, 1919
Oberst Oskar Laue January 20 to February 15, 1919

literature

  • History of the 1st Lower Alsatian Infantry Regiment No. 132. Carl Jacobsen publishing house. Leipzig 1906.
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 215.

Individual evidence

  1. Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . P. 340.