209th Mixed Brigade (People's Army of the Republic) - 209.ª Brigada Mixta (Ejército Popular de la República)
|209th Mixed Brigade|
|Active||August 1937-March 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 209th Mixed Brigade was a unit of the Popular Army of the Republic created during the Spanish Civil War . Throughout the war it came to operate on the Teruel, Levante and Extremadura fronts, playing a relevant role.
The brigade was formed at the beginning of August 1937 in Alcalá de Henares , from troops from the 46th Division of " El Campesino " —the unit to which it was assigned—. [ 1 ] The leadership of the 209th Mixed Brigade was handed over to the militia major Severiano Aparicio Gaya , while José del Campo Cayol, of the PCE , was appointed political commissioner. [ 2 ]
On January 21, 1938 the unit left its barracks in Alcalá de Henares, along with the rest of the 46th Division, to go to the front of Teruel, once there, its men covered the defensive line established in Villastar . At the end of January he was defending La Muela de Teruel. After the end of the Battle of Teruel, the 209th BM returned to Alcalá de Henares. However, a few weeks later the Francois launched a powerful offensive on the Aragón Front, and the unit was called up again. [ 2 ]
On March 13, he left for the Vinaroz area , where he reinforced the forces of the XXII Army Corps ; a few days later, on March 17, he launched various counterattacks against enemy bridgeheads over the Guadalope River . [ 3 ] The counterattacks were unsuccessful, and on March 19 he had to retreat to La Codoñera . The arrival at sea of the Francoist armies and the consequent division in two of the republican territory left the brigade separated from the 46th Division.
On April 13, she was sent to the Castellón front. [ n. 1 ] By June 10, the 209th WB was located in the central sector of Castellón de la Plana , but due to enemy pressure and the risk of being surrounded in the Sierra de Borriol, two days later it withdrew. On July 4 it was integrated into Army Corps "A", retreating to defensive positions on the XYZ line . The Franco offensive in the Levant was exhausted after the start of the Battle of the Ebro . A few weeks later, in August, the brigade was integrated into the 6th Division of the XX Army Corps , [ n. 2 ]And was sent to the Extremadura front under the command of the infantry commander Hernando Liñán Castaño . [ 3 ]
Shortly after its arrival in Extremadura, the 209th Mixed Brigade engaged Franco's forces on the Cabeza del Buey salient , inflicting a series of defeats on the 21st Francoist Division . The brigade was then in line and although between October 11 and 15 it tried to attack Cabeza del Buey again, this time the attack ended in failure. The unit remained in front of Extremadura until the end of the contest, in March 1939. [ 3 ]
- Alpert , Michael (1989). The republican army in the civil war . Siglo XXI Editores.
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1977). The offensive on Valencia . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-142-8 .
- -- (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.
- Salas Larrazábal , Ramón (2000). History of the People's Army of the Republic . The Sphere of Books. ISBN 84-9734-465-0 .