February 20th -
20 de febrero
On February 20 is the 51st (fifty - first) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar . There are 314 days left to end the year and 315 in leap years . Events 1472 : Norway gives Scotland the Shetland Islands and Orkney as payment for a dowry
. 1524 : in Spain , King Carlos I orders to study the possibility of joining the South Sea ( Pacific Ocean ) with the North Sea ( Atlantic Ocean ) through the Isthmus of Panama
. 1547 : Edward VI is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey after the death of his father Henry VIII of England
. 1724 : in London the premiere opera Giulio Cesare by Georg Friedrich Händel
. 1777 : in Spain, Carlos III
forbids dancing inside churches. 1790 : in France , the French Revolution bans convents
. 1790 : in the Holy Roman Empire , Leopold II of Austria
is elected as the new emperor. 1798 : in the Vatican , the French Marshal Louis Alexandre Berthier (under the orders of Napoleon ) dethrons the Italian Pope Pius VI
and sends him to France. 1810 : in Mantua (Italy) the Italian troops execute Andreas Hofer ( Tyrolean patriot and leader of the rebellion against Napoleon's
troops ). 1813 : in Salta (Argentina) the troops of General Manuel Belgrano defeat the Spanish royalist invaders in the Battle of Salta
. 1827 : in Rosário do Sul ( Brazil ) - in the framework of the Brazilian War - the Argentine Army defeats the Army of the Brazilian Empire in the Battle of the Ituzaingó stream
. 1835 : the city of Concepción (Chile) is destroyed by an earthquake
. 1859 : in Venezuela , the Taking of the Coro Barracks by Commander Tirso Salaverría triggers the Federal War
. 1862 : in Madrid (Spain) , Ángel de Saavedra is appointed director of the Royal Spanish Academy
. 1864 : in Florida , within the framework of the American Civil War , the battle of Olustee
is fought , the largest in that State. 1872 : in New York the Metropolitan Museum of Art
is inaugurated . 1903 : in Spain the work The stairway of a throne , by José de Echegaray
, opens . 1907 : In St. Petersburg the premiere opera The Invisible City of Kitezh , of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
1907: the play La mare , by Santiago Rusiñol , is premiered in Barcelona .
1909 : in Paris , the newspaper Le Figaro publishes The Futurist Manifesto of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
. 1911 : in Spain the tonadillera Pastora Imperio marries the bullfighter Rafael Gómez Ortega , El Gallo
. 1917 : in Germany , the German Empire (II Reich) introduced the aluminum coins and removed the copper
coins to take advantage of this metal for war purposes. 1920 : in Madrid the Cajal Institute
for biological research is created . 1921 : premiere of the film The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse , by Rex Ingram
. 1922 : in Lithuania , the Diet of the city of Vilna is occupied by Polish troops and pronounces in favor of their integration into Poland
. 1928 : the first elections by universal suffrage are held in Tokyo .
1928: in Havana ( Cuba ) the VI Pan American Conference
is closed .
1928: in the United States, the Senate agrees to unblock German properties seized during the First World War
. 1932 : in Argentina , General Agustín P. Justo takes over as president
. 1933 : a public act in favor of the Valencian statute is held at the Serrano de Gandía theater .
1935 : Caroline Mikkelsen is the first woman to set foot in Antarctica
. 1937 : the liberal Minseitō party wins electoral victory in Japan 1938 : in the United Kingdom the resignation of Anthony Eden , Minister of Foreign Affairs takes place. Edward Halifax
will succeed him .
1938: in Argentina , Dr. Roberto Marcelino Ortiz takes over as president
. 1943 : the Paricutín volcano is formed in Mexico .
1944 : During the Second World War
, the American aviation began an intensive bombardment of German arms factories in the so-called "Big Week" operation.
1944: The United States invades Eniwetok
Island . 1946 : The Case of the Murdered Woman , by Miguel Mihura , is premiered at the María Guerrero Theater in Madrid .
1947 : British troops are withdrawn in India ; Lord Mountbatten assumes the position of Viceroy
of the colony. 1949 : in the Cape Verde Islands
, the collapse of a wall causes 232 deaths and 50 injuries. 1953 : in London , the painting Lady with a fan (by Francisco de Goya ) is sold for 1,400 pounds sterling
. 1955 : the National Congress of Morality and Family begins in Madrid , chaired by the Archbishop of Sion
. 1956 : in Greece , Constantinos Karamanlís
wins the elections held. 1958 : in Cape Canaveral
(United States) the Atlas rocket explodes on the launch pad, marking the fifth failure of seven launch attempts. 1962 : the American astronaut John Glenn (from the Mercury project ) orbits the earth 3 times in 4 hours 55 minutes, being the first American
to do so. 1965 : the American probe Ranger VIII sends 7,000 images before hitting the Moon
. 1969 : Romania bans the Warsaw Pact
maneuvers on its territory. 1970 : Chile signs a commercial treaty with Cuba , despite the prohibition of the Organization of American
States (OAS). 1972 : in El Salvador , Arturo Armando Molina
takes over as president. 1976 : the Royal Academy of the Basque Language
achieves institutional recognition. 1977 : in El Salvador , Carlos Humberto Romero
is elected president. 1978 : the Spanish government is alarmed by the possibility that the Organization for African Unity (OUA) qualifies the Canary Islands
as a "European colony." 1981 : the European Economic Community
(EEC), despite US pressure to the contrary, decides to continue helping the government of El Salvador. 1982 : in the Caribbean Sea , the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO) carries out its first naval maneuvers. 1983 : In the federal state of Assam ( India
) bloody riots occur after the elections. 1985 : the Plaza Mayor in Madrid
is declared a historical-artistic monument. 1986 : in Sicily the police arrest Michele Greco , the top mafia boss , wanted since 1982
. 1987 : in Salt Lake City a bomb explodes by Theodore Kaczynski
, better known as Unabomber. 1989 : in Ternhill ( England ), an IRA
bomb destroys a section of the British army barracks. 1990 : in the USSR , the Supreme Soviet studies the project of disintegration of the republics of the USSR; likewise, the Soviet Foreign Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze , one of the most prominent representatives of perestroika
, announces his resignation. 1991 : in Tirana (capital of Albania ), 100,000 people demonstrate for the democratization of the country. They topple a gigantic statue of dictator Enver Hoxha
. 1992 : in Albertville ( France ) the Spanish skier Blanca Fernández Ochoa wins the bronze medal in the special slalom at the Olympic games
. 1993 : In Villa Soldati , Argentina , the Guillermo Laza Stadium
is founded . 1997 : Kim Novak receives the Golden Bear for his entire film career at the Berlin Film Festival
. 1998 : the representatives of Sinn Féin (political arm of the IRA ) are temporarily expelled from the peace negotiations table on Northern Ireland
1998: in Colombia the first arrests of members of the security forces are made for belonging to paramilitary groups
1998: The United States ends its operations in Antarctica
, after 43 years of presence in the area. 1999 : In Nigeria , Olusegun Obasanjo's Democratic People's Party of Nigeria (PDP) triumphs in the elections .
2000 : in Berlin , the film Magnolia , by Paul Thomas Anderson , receives the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival
2002: the numerical representation of 20 hours and two minutes today forms a curious twelve-digit palindrome : 20: 02.20.02.2002, which had not been produced since 470 years before (23: 22.214.171.1242) and will not be repeated again until after 110 years (21: 126.96.36.1992). This phenomenon is called coincident homidimea
. 2002 : in Reqa Al-Gharbiya ( Egypt
), a fire in a train causes 370 deaths and 65 injuries. 2002 : In Colombia , the President of the Republic Andrés Pastrana Arango terminates the peace negotiations that, since 1998, the Colombian state has held with the FARC-EP
. 2003 : in West Warwick ( Rhode Island , United States) a flare
sets fire to the club, causing 100 deaths and more than 300 injured.
2003: a breakdown leaves 8.7 million Spanish subscribers to the Vodafone
company without a mobile phone .
2003: a judge orders the arrest of Carlos Fernández, president of the largest business organization in Venezuela ( Fedecámaras ), for his actions as instigator of the general strike against the government of Hugo Chávez
2004: At the opening of the third day of the Viña de Mar International Song Festival , the American group Toto performs , in what would be one of the most memorable presentations of said festival in all its history. The group played their hits such as Africa , Hold the Line and Rosanna
, among others. 2005 : Referendum in Spain for the ratification of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe
. Spaniards approve the new Constitution with 76.7% of the votes. The turnout was 42%.
2005: in the waters of the Buriganga River ( Bangladesh ) a ferry
wrecks , leaving more than 80 dead and a hundred missing.
2005: David Canal
achieves the national record of the 400 meters on the indoor track, setting a new mark of 45.93 s.
2005: the Spanish futsal team
is proclaimed European champion for the third time in its history after defeating the Russian team 2-1 in the final.
2005: Ruud Lubbers , United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees , resigns over allegations of sexual harassment
. 2006 : Austrian courts sentence writer David Irving to three years in prison for Holocaust denial
. 2007 : in the State of New Jersey (United States) the Law of Civil Union between homosexuals
comes into force . 2008 : between Barcelona and Madrid the high-speed train
( AVE ) comes into operation . 2012 : in Peru , the Club Deportivo Universidad de San Martín de Porres
decides to retire permanently from professional football. 2013 : in Quito ( Ecuador ) the new Mariscal Sucre International Airport is inaugurated in the town of Tababela , replacing its namesake
founded in 1960. Births 1751 : Johann Heinrich Voss
, German poet. (b. 1826). 1753 : Louis Alexandre Berthier
, mariscal francés (f. 1815). 1768 : Maurice Mathieu
, general francés (f. 1833). 1782 : Friedrich Ernst Ludwig von Fischer
, botánico alemán (f. 1854). 1813 : José Eleuterio González
"Gonzalitos", Mexican physician, politician, writer, educator, historian and philanthropist (d. 1888). 1815 : Louis Le Chatelier
, French engineer (d. 1873). 1819 : Alfred Escher
, Swiss politician, railway industrialist (d. 1882). 1844 : Ludwig Boltzmann
, Austrian physicist (d. 1906).
1844: Joshua Slocum
, Canadian navigator (disappeared at sea in 1909). 1849 : Auguste Louis Maurice Levêque de Vilmorin
, French biologist (d. 1918). 1868 : Pompeu Fabra
, Spanish linguist (b. 1948). 1874 : Mary Garden
, Scottish singer (d. 1967). 1875 : Max Cetto
, Mexican architect 1880 : Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen
, French novelist and aristocrat (d. 1923). 1888 : Georges Bernanos
, French writer (d. 1948). 1889 : Laureano Gómez
, Colombian politician (d. 1965). 1898 : Jimmy Yancey
, American blues pianist and composer (d. 1951). 1900 : Agustín Segura
, Spanish painter (f. 1988). 1901 : Muhammad Naguib
, Egyptian politician and military man (d. 1984). 1902 : Ansel Adams
, American photographer (d. 1984) 1904 : Alekséi Kosygin
, Soviet statesman, president between 1964 and 1980 (d. 1980). 1906 : Gale Gordon
, American radio and television actor (d. 1995). 1909 : Oscar Alemán
, Argentine guitarist and composer (d. 1980). 1912 : Pierre Boulle
, French writer (b. 1994). 1914 : Francisco de Paula
, Argentine actor (d. 1985). 1917 : Juan Vicente Torrealba
, Venezuelan musician and composer (f. 2019). 1919 : Luis Bedoya Reyes
, Peruvian politician. 1920 : Carmela Arias and Díaz de Rábago
, Spanish financier (d. 2009). 1921 : Conrado San Martín
, Spanish actor (f. 2019). 1923 : Forbes Burnham
, Guyanese politician (b. 1985). 1925 : Robert Altman
, American filmmaker (d. 2006). 1926 : Richard Matheson
, American writer (b. 2013).
1926: Alfonso Sastre
, Spanish writer and playwright.
1926: Ken Olsen
, American engineer and businessman (d. 2011). 1927 : Roy Cohn
, American lawyer (d. 1986).
1927: Ibrahim Ferrer
, Cuban singer (f. 2005).
1927: Lucho Argaín
, Colombian singer (f. 2002).
1927: Sidney Poitier
, American actor. 1928 : Osvaldo Berlingieri
, Argentine tango pianist (f. 2015). 1930 : Roberto Cobo
, Mexican actor (f. 2002). 1932 : Enrique Múgica Herzog
, Spanish politician.
1932: Robert Ader
, American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2011). 1933 : Manuel Alejandro
, Spanish composer, arranger and music producer. 1934 : Bobby Unser
, American motor racing driver.
1934: Hugo Gutiérrez Vega
, Mexican poet (d. 2015). 1937 : Robert Huber
, German chemist, Nobel prize of chemistry in 1988.
1937: Roger Penske
, driver and owner of the American motorsport team.
1937: Nancy Wilson
, American singer (d. 2018). 1940 : Christoph Eschenbach
, pianist and conductor, German.
1940: Jimmy Greaves
, British American football player. 1942 : Ernâni Lopes
, Portuguese politician and economist (f. 2010). 1943 : Roberto Jordán
, Mexican singer, composer and actor.
1943: Antonio Inoki
, Japanese fighter.
1943: Mike Leigh
, British filmmaker. 1944 : Willem van Hanegem
, Dutch American football player. 1945 : Enrique Sánchez Abulí
, Spanish cartoonist.
1945: George F. Smoot
, American physicist and astronomer. 1946 : Brenda Blethyn
, British actress.
1946: Riccardo Cocciante
, Italian-French musician. 1947 : Peter Strauss
, American actor. 1948 : Jennifer O'Neill
, American actress of Brazilian origin.
1948: Cristóbal Pissarides
, Greek Cypriot economist. 1950 : Ismael Miranda
, Puerto Rican singer.
1950: Tony Wilson
, British journalist and businessman (d. 2007).
1950: Walter Becker
, American musician, of the band Steely Dan. 1951 : Gordon Brown
, British politician.
1951: Anthony Davis
, American jazz composer and pianist. 1952: Elsa Bornemann, escritora argentina (f. 2013). 1953 : Riccardo Chailly
, Italian conductor and musician. 1954 : Patty Hearst
, American actress. 1954: Anthony Stewart Head, actor británico. 1960 : Ennio Marchetto
, Italian comedian. 1962 : Hilario Pino
, Spanish journalist. 1963 : Charles Barkley
, American basketball player.
1963: Oliver Mark
, German photographer and artist.
1963: Ian Brown
, singer of the band Stone Roses. 1964 : Roberto Gañán Ojea
, Spanish singer and guitarist, of the band Ska-P.
1964: Willie Garson
, American actor of character. 1966 : Cindy Crawford
, American model. 1967 : Kurt Cobain , American singer, songwriter and guitarist, founder and frontman of the grunge band Nirvana
1967: Katherine Soucie
, American dubbing actress.
1967: Andrew Shue
, American television actor.
1967: Lili Taylor
, American actress. 1969 : Juan di Natale
, Argentine television host.
1969: Siniša Mihajlović
, Serbian football player.
1969: Danis Tanovic
, Bosnian filmmaker and screenwriter. 1975 : Brian Littrell
, American singer, of the band Backstreet Boys. 1975 : Rahman Rezaei
, Iranian footballer. 1976 : Gail Kim
, Canadian fighter. 1977 : Bartosz Kizierowski
, nadador polaco.
1977: Stephon Marbury
, American basketball player.
1977: María José Prieto
, Chilean actress 1978 : Lauren Ambrose
, American actress.
1978: Jay Hernández
, American actor.
1978: Julia Jentsch
, German actress. 1979 : Song Chong-gug
, South Korean footballer.
1979: Alberto Noah
, Spanish footballer. 1980 : Artur Boruc
, Polish footballer.
1980: Imanol Harinordoquy
, French rugby player.
1980: Sergey Zuev
, Russian futsal player. 1981 : Ed Lay
, British drummer, of the band Editors.
1981: Tony Hibbert
, British footballer.
1981: Moisés Hurtado
, Spanish soccer player.
1981: Chris Thile
, American musician. 1984 : Brian McCann
, American baseball player.
1984: Diego Mesaglio
, Argentine actor.
1984: Keisuke Koide
, Japanese actor. 1985 : Julia Volkova
, Russian singer, former member of the band tATu. 1987 : Miles Teller
, American actor.
1987: Jan Šimůnek
, Czech football player. 1988 : Rihanna
, Barbadian singer, designer, songwriter, actress and model. 1989 : Jack Falahee
, American actor. 1990 : Ciro Immobile
, Italian football player. 1997 : Jorge de Frutos Sebastián
, Spanish soccer player. 1998 : Matt Hunter
, American singer.
1998: Matthias Verreth
, Belgian footballer. 1999 : Sarpreet Singh
, New Zealand footballer. 2000 : Kristóf Milák
, nadador húngaro.
2000: Josh Sargent
, American footballer. 2014 : Eleanor of Sweden
, Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Gotland. Deaths 1194 : Tancredo
, Sicilian rey (b. Ca. 1138). 1431 : Martin V
Italian Pope between 1417 and 1431 (b. Ca. 1368). 1513 : John I
, Danish King (b.1455). 1524 : Tecún Umán
, last leader of the Quichés (Mayas). 1626 - John Dowland
, British composer (b. 1563). 1685 : Sofia Amelia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
, Queen of Denmark and Norway (b. 1628). 1773 : Carlos Manuel III
, French aristocrat, King of Sardinia (b.1701). 1790 : Joseph II of Habsburg
, Hungarian King (b. 1741). 1810 : Andreas Hofer
, Tyrolean hero (b. 1767). 1861 : Eugène Scribe
, French writer (n. 1791). 1862 : Francisco Balagtas
, Filipino poet (n. 1788). 1871 - Paul Kane
, Irish-Canadian painter (b.1810). 1889 : José Antonio Barrenechea y Morales
, Peruvian jurist (b. 1829). 1895 : Frederick Douglass
, American abolitionist writer (n. 1818). 1905 : Henri Louis Frédéric de Saussure
, Swiss naturalist and entomologist (b. 1829). 1907 : Henri Moissan
, French chemist, 1906 nobel prizewinner for chemistry (b. 1852). 1914 : Paul Chevré
, French sculptor (b.1866). 1916 : Klas Pontus Arnoldson
, Swedish politician, journalist and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1908 (b. 1844). 1920 - Robert Peary
, American explorer (b.1856). 1920 : Jacinta Marto
, Portuguese Saint (b. 1910). 1933 : Takiji Kobayashi
, Japanese writer (b.1903). 1936 : Max Schreck
, German actor (b.1879). 1937 : Percy Cox
, British administrator of the Colonial Office in the Middle East (b.1864) 1941 : George Minne
, Belgian sculptor. 1950: Sarat Chandra Bose
, Indian lawyer, activist for the independence of India (n 1889) 1951 : Cyril Maude
, British actor (b.1862). 1954 : Vicente Lecuna
, Venezuelan historian and banker (b. 1870). 1963 : Ferenc Fricsay
, Hungarian conductor and musician (b.1914). 1963 : Jacob Gade
, Danish composer (b. 1879). 1966 : Chester Nimitz
, American military man (n. 1885). 1968 : Anthony Asquith
, British filmmaker (b.1902). 1969 : Ernest Ansermet
, Swiss conductor and musician (b. 1883). 1972 : Maria Goeppert-Mayer
, German physicist, Nobel Prize winner for physics in 1963 (b.1906).
1972: Vidal López
, Venezuelan baseball player (b.1918). 1973 : José Antonio Junco Toral
, Spanish politician (b. 1894). 1976 : René Cassin
, French jurist, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1968 (b. 1887). 1977 : Enzo Centenario Argentino Ardigó
, Argentine announcer and commentator (b. 1910). 1983 : Rosanna Falasca
, Argentine tango singer (b.1953). 1984 : Bepi Colombo
, Italian mathematician, astronomer and engineer (b.1920). 1988 : Inocencio Burgos
, Spanish politician (b.1900). 1989 : Julio César Chaves
, Paraguayan historian (b.1907). 1992 : Roberto d'Aubuisson
, right-wing Salvadoran politician (b.1944).
1992: Pierre Dervaux
, conductor, French (b.1917).
1992: Dick York
, American actor (b.1928). 1993 : Ferruccio Lamborghini
, car manufacturer (b.1916). 1996 : Solomon Asch
, American psychologist (b.1907).
1996: Tōru Takemitsu
, Japanese composer (b.1930).
1996: Mariano Vidal Molina
, Argentine actor (b.1925). 2000 : Jean Dotto
, French cyclist (b.1928). 2001 : Enrique Escudero de Castro
, Spanish politician (b.1940). 2003 : Maurice Blanchot
, writer and French intellectual (n. 1907). 2005 : Sandra Dee
, American actress (b. 1942).
2005: Hunter S. Thompson
, American writer (b.1937). 2006 : Paul Marcinkus
, American Bishop (b.1922). 2007 : Carl-Henning Pedersen
, pintor danés (n. 1913). 2010 : Alexander Haig
, American military and politician (b.1924). 2011 : Mario Garrido Montt
, Chilean jurist (b.1927).
2011: Carmelo Artiles
, Spanish professor and politician (b. 1945).
2011: Fernando Lamberg
, Chilean writer (b.1928).
2011: Noemí Simonetto
, Argentine athlete (b.1926). 2012 : Renato Dulbecco
, Italian virólogo (b.1914).
2012: Sebhat Guebre-Egziabher
, Ethiopian writer (b. 1935).
2012: Lydia Lamaison
, actriz argentina (b. 1914).
2012: Edgardo Gabriel Storni
, Argentine Archbishop (b.1936).
2012: Vitali Vorotnikov
, Ruso politician (b.1926). 2013 : Antonio Roma , Argentine footballer, of the Boca Juniors club (b.1932). [ 1 ]
2014 : Jorge Polaco
, Argentine filmmaker (b.1946). 2016 : Fernando Cardenal
, Nicaraguan Jesuit priest, Minister of Education and liberation theologian (b.1934). 2017 : Vitali Churkin
, Russian diplomat (b.1952). 2018 : Alejandro Mieres Bustillo
, Spanish painter and plastic artist (b.1927).
2018: Tōta Kaneko
, Japanese poet (b.1919). 2019 Dominick Argento
, American composer (b.1927). 2020 : István Gáli
, boxeador húngaro (b. 1943). Celebrations See also References external links