211st Mixed Brigade (People's Army of the Republic) - 211.ª Brigada Mixta (Ejército Popular de la República)

211st Mixed Brigade
Active August 1937-March 1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Spanish Republic
Rama/s Red star.svg Regular People's Army
Type Infantry
Size Mixed brigade
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 211st Mixed Brigade was a unit of the People's Army of the Republic that fought during the Spanish Civil War . Throughout the war he was present on the Aragon and Levante fronts.

Record

The unit was created in August 1937 in Tortosa from the 3rd, 5th and 37th battalions of the Carabineros . Command of the new 211st Mixed Brigade fell to the militia major Antonio Pérez Quijano . Transferred to Sueca and Sagunto , later it would be sent to the Aragon front . On September 1 he attacked the Francoist positions in "Los Pedruscos" together with the "Garibaldi" brigade , although the attack did not achieve the objectives it sought. Located in Aliaga , on September 28 it went to the front of Zaragoza to take part in the republican offensives, where it held various combats. [ n. 1 ]Later, it would become the reserve of the XII Army Corps . [ 2 ] [ 3 ]

On February 12, 1938, the 211st BM was sent to the Teruel front, where it acted as a reinforcement of the 27th Division in the Montalbán sector . [ 2 ]

On March 10, after the start of the Francoist offensive on the Aragon front, the 211st BM was sent to Lécera to try to stop enemy infiltration —after the collapse of the front in Belchite— . The following day he retired to the Oliete- Alarcón area, where he would be beaten by the enemy offensive. [ 4 ] On the 13th, it lost the towns of Ariño , Alloza and Andorra , [ 5 ] after having suffered serious casualties, being sent to cover the area of the Guadalope and Calanda river. By then one of the battalions of the 211st BM had been isolated north of the Ebro river, pursued by the forces of the 5th Division of Navarre . [ 2 ]

The brigade was commanded by the Carabinieri Commander José Fortuny Girona . It was added to the XXI Army Corps as a loose brigade. [ 6 ] At the end of March the unit took part in the republican counterattacks against the Castelserás and Alcañiz bridgeheads , although on the 23rd it lost several levels located to the right of the Guadalope River , having to withdraw to Valdealgorfa . Although he managed to defend this population tenaciously, on March 28 he had to withdraw before enemy pressure. [ 2 ]

Later the 211st Brigade was added to the 22nd Division , [ 7 ] taking part in the Battle of Levante . After the end of fighting in Levante was added to the 40th Division of the XVII Army Corps , [ 8 ] [ 9 ] without returning to take part in military operations relevance.

Controls

Commanders

See also

Notes

  1. ^ During the battle of Biescas the brigade remained in reserve. [ 1 ]

References

Bibliography

  • Alpert , Michael (1977). The Republican Army in the Civil War . Iberian.
  • Engel , Carlos (2000). History of the divisions of the national army . Almena Editions.
  • Gómez , Esteban C. (2002). The echo of the discharges. Goodbye to republican hope . ESCEGO.
  • Maldonado , José M.ª (2007). The front of Aragon. The Civil War in Aragon (1936-1938) . Look Editors. ISBN 978-84-8465-237-3 .
  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1975). Arrival at the sea . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-115-0 .
  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1977). The offensive on Valencia . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-142-8 .
  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.
  • Salas Larrazábal , Ramón (2000). History of the People's Army of the Republic . The Sphere of Books. ISBN 84-9734-465-0 .