21st Mixed Brigade (People's Army of the Republic) - 21.ª Brigada Mixta (Ejército Popular de la República)
|21st Mixed Brigade|
December 1936 - October 1937 |
August 1938 - March 1939
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The brigade was established in Cuenca at the end of 1936. The command of the new unit was handed over to the infantry commander Francisco Gómez Palacios and Emilio Rodríguez Sabio , of the PSOE, was selected as political commissar .
On January 3, 1937, he moved to Madrid to join the 5th Division , [ 1 ] and three days later he was already at the front, defending the El Pardo - Casa de Campo sector . [ 2 ] During the Battle of Jarama it was placed in reserve in Fuencarral , from where it did not move. On March 23, there were changes in the structure of the unit: the militia major Juan de Pablo Jansen assumed command, [ 3 ] and the brigade absorbed the so-called Mixed Brigade "H". Between April 10 and 14, the 21st WB, integrated into a group commanded by Lieutenant ColonelJosé María Galán , [ 4 ] took part in a failed offensive that tried to conquer Cerro Garabitas , in front of Madrid. [ 1 ]
In May he prepared to intervene in the so-called Segovia Offensive , a diversionary attack that aimed to take the Segovian capital and reduce Franco's pressure on Bilbao . The artillery commander Francisco Gil Díaz-Pallarés assumed command to carry out the operation, while the brigade was integrated into the 34th Division [ 5 ] and was reinforced with a company of battle tanks. [ 6 ] Although initially located as a reserve, shortly after the start of the operation it was sent to the front line of combat. [ 7 ]On June 1, the brigade attacked the enemy positions between Cabeza Grande and Matabueyes, managing to infiltrate the enemy rear. He managed to occupy the positions of Matabueyes, La Casona and La Casa de Santillana, although he failed in the assault by Cabeza Grande. The brigade was also close to conquering the town of La Granja de San Ildefonso and the nearby Royal Palace , which would have left the path to Segovia open. However, the intervention of the Moroccan regulars thwarted the operation. By June 4 the brigade had withdrawn to Navacerrada , and the next day it was already in Madrid. [ 1 ]
Later he intervened in the Battle of Brunete , and also in the Zaragoza Offensive , relieving the worn-out 32nd Mixed Brigade of Nilamón Toral in the Fifth and Mediana sector . On October 11 he participated in a failed attack on Fuentes de Ebro that ended in a resounding failure, after which the brigade was disbanded. [ 1 ]
On August 22, 1938, the 21st BM was reorganized again in Pozo de Guadalajara, with the infantry commander Luis de Sandoval Jiménez taking over command. Shortly after, she was sent to the front, in the Beleña de Sorbe sector . On December 12, he marched to the Córdoba Front , arriving in Belalcázar to join the 73rd Division of the XVII Army Corps . [ 1 ] Later he participated in the Battle of Peñarroya , on January 17, 1939, collaborating with other units in the attack on the Mesegara and Torozos Sierras. After that, your trail is lost.
- Commanders in Chief
- Infantry Commander Francisco Gómez Palacios ;
- Major of the militias Abelardo Belenguer Alcober ;
- Militia Major Juan de Pablo Janssen ;
- Artillery Commander Francisco Gil Díaz-Pallarés ;
- Infantry Commander Luis de Sandoval Jiménez ;
- Infantry Commander Francisco Eugenio Carmona ;
- Carlos Engel Masoliver (2000). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic , Almena Ediciones, p. 35
- Jorge Martínez Reverte (2004). The Battle of Madrid , Ed. Criticism, p. 508
- AA. VV. (2015). Ericsson in Spain , Ed. Planeta, p. 28
- Martínez Bande, 1981 , p. 89.
- Ramón Salas Larrazábal (1973). History of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid: Editora Nacional, p. 1185
- George Hills (1978). They will not pass !: Objective Madrid , Ed. San Martín, p. 220
- George Hills (1978). They will not pass !: Objective Madrid , Ed. San Martín, p. 221
- Álvarez, 1989, p. 386.
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.