|220th Mixed Brigade|
|Active||August 1937 - March 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The unit was created on August 24, 1937, in Ciudad Real , from the replacements of 1930, 1937 and 1938. For the leadership of the new 220th Mixed Brigade, the militia major Ramón González Pardo was appointed , leaving the Unit added to the 68th Division of the XX Army Corps . [ 1 ] The socialist Eulalio Amador Carrasco was designated as political commissioner of the unit . [ 2 ] The formation of the unit was not completed until November.
Later he moved along with the rest of the division to the head of Teruel, to take part in the Republican offensive . On December 14 he attacked the port of Villastar , a position that he managed to conquer two days later. On December 19, he would occupy the towns of Castralvo and El Castellar , achieving the cleaning of the bag that had formed south of Teruel. On the 21st it participated in the assault on the city, on the left flank of the republican maneuvering mass, but the 220th BM suffered so much attrition that it had to be withdrawn to the rear. On December 30 he returned to the brake and took over from the elements of the 11th Division that covered Concud, although the next day it would lose this town due to the Francoist counteroffensive. The brigade would then be withdrawn to Extremadura, to undergo a profound reorganization.
By February 17, 1938, the 220th BM was back at the Teruel front, although it did not take part in the final battles. Later it happened to be added to the 22nd Division of the XIX Army Corps , [ 3 ] [ n. 1 ] taking part in the Levante campaign . On April 3, before the push of the Francoist forces commanded by General Antonio Aranda , the brigade withdrew to the Ejulve - Villarluengo area . At the beginning of May, the 220th BM was assigned to the "Andalusia" Division . [ 5 ]Located in the area of La Iglesuela del Cid , faced with enemy pressure, it had to undertake a slow retreat until it reached the defenses of the XYZ line .
Assigned to the 6th Division , the unit was sent as reinforcement to the Extremadura front. [ 6 ] By then he was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Rogelio López Belda , a former officer of the Civil Guard. The 220th BM took part in the republican counterattacks on the Zújar river , in the direction of Puebla de Alcocer - Castuera , and later went on to cover the republican positions in the Campanario area . During the autumn months he went to the rear, in the area of Puebla de Alcocer and Almorchón . In January 1939, during the battle of Peñarroya, intervened in the breakdown of the enemy front in the Valsequillo sector, acting as a reserve for the 107th Mixed Brigade . He also came to fight in the mountains of Los Torozos and Mesagaras. After the end of the fighting, she was sent to the rear, in the area of El Viso and Hinojosa del Duque . [ 7 ]
- Militia Major Ramón González Pardo ; [ 1 ]
- Lieutenant Colonel of the Civil Guard Rogelio López Belda ;
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Bermúdez , Antonio (1992). Republic and civil war. Manzanares (1931-1939) . Provincial Council of Ciudad Real.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1975). Arrival at the sea . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-115-0 .
- —— (1977). The offensive on Valencia . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-142-8 .
- -- (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.