22nd Mixed Brigade (People's Army of the Republic) - 22.ª Brigada Mixta (Ejército Popular de la República)
|22nd Mixed Brigade|
|Active||November 1936 - March 27, 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 22nd Mixed Brigade was a unit of the Popular Army of the Republic created during the Spanish Civil War . Throughout the war, the unit, which took part in numerous military operations, came to be deployed on the fronts of Teruel - where the war was for the most part - Extremadura and Levante.
The unit was founded in November 1936, in Gandía , from the old «Peire» column . [ 1 ] [ n. 1 ] The new unit was put under the command of Francisco Galán , [ 3 ] a former Civil Guard officer who had stood out at the beginning of the war and who by then had been promoted to the rank of commander.
After a period of training, in December the brigade left for the Teruel Front . Formed with former communist militants, one of the reasons for being sent to this area was the intention of extending and consolidating the militarization of the various militia columns that acted on that front. [ 4 ] Together with the XIII International Brigade and various Valencian columns, on December 25, the 22nd BM participated in a failed assault against the city of Teruel. [ 5 ] Commander Galán was wounded, for which he had to be replaced by Commander Francisco Alba Rebullido . The brigade was located covering in the sector of the Alfambra river.[n. 2]
On February 18, 1937, the 22nd BM went to the sector between Rillo and Portalrubio after the disbandment of the "Macià-Companys" Column , which had abandoned its positions as a result of an enemy attack; The brigade managed to get the Catalan militiamen to return to their original positions and on 23 February it reconquered Portalrubio, managing to put an end to the rebel offensive.
The unit was assigned to the 39th Division , [ 7 ] which was commanded by Francisco Galán. In late April the brigade moved to the front of Extremadura, where he was expected to intervene in the P Plan . This operation did not take place, so he returned to the Teruel Front. In June the command of the 22nd BM passed to the militia major Jorge Ibón de la Barbera , replacing Alba Rebullido. Around this time, the 22nd BM gave up a battalion that would serve as the basis for the creation, in Murcia, of the 96th Mixed Brigade . [ 8 ] [ 9 ]
In December 1937, during the Teruel offensive , the 22nd Mixed Brigade was placed as a reserve force in the Altos de Celadas sector. She intervened after the republican conquest of Teruel, after being called by Lieutenant Colonel Ibarrola . On January 17, 1938, an enemy attack fell on the positions of the 22nd BM in the Altos de Celadas, which was aggravated by the attacks of the enemy aviation. [ 10 ] Republican lines were shattered and the brigade suffered heavy losses. [ 11 ] He took part in the Battle of Alfambra , part of the 41st Division of the XXI Army Corps. On February 6, it was fenced off in Sierra Palomera, having to retreat very worn.
In May 1938 the unit was located in the central sector of the republican defense against the offensive of Camilo Alonso Vega's troops in Ares del Maestre . Faced with enemy pressure, on May 30 the 22nd World Bank had to withdraw towards Albocácer after having lost its positions in Benasal and the Sierra de San Cristóbal. After Franco's occupation of Castellón de la Plana, he retired to Villafamés , establishing a new fortified position in Tosal Gros - which was the main elevation of the La Plana region . At this point, on June 13, the 22nd World Bank had to face the attacks of the IV Division of Navarra., being very broken. Two days later, after the losses suffered, it was withdrawn from the front line of combat. It was reorganized as an independent mixed brigade.
After the end of the Levante Offensive, the 22nd World Bank did not intervene in any relevant operation again.
- Commander Francisco Galán Rodríguez ;
- Infantry Commander Francisco Alba Rebullido ;
- Major of militias Jorge Ibón de la Barbera ;
- Infantry Commander Gabriel Rodríguez Cabezas ;
- Pedro Yáñez Jiménez , from the PSOE ;
- Luis Rodríguez Cuesta , from the PSOE;
- José Ros Miguel , from the PSOE;
- Chiefs of Staff
- Infantry Captain Elías Martínez Martínez ;
- Infantry Commander Ignacio Martín Rodríguez ;
- Captain of the militias Manuel González Castelló ;
- Militia Lieutenant Félix Ruiz Gálvez ;
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