24-Höfe - 24-Höfe

coat of arms

24-Höfe or ( as a former municipality ) Twenty-Four Höfe has been a district of the municipality of Loßburg in the Freudenstadt district in Baden-Württemberg , located between 604 and 710 meters above sea level, since 1974 .

24-Höfe is a scattered settlement consisting of individual hamlets, single yards and double yards. The individual settlements are scattered on the red sandstone plateau to the east above the young Kinzig . The 13.6 square kilometer area is sparsely populated with around 300 inhabitants and is mainly used for livestock farming.

history

The farms "on the mountains", as they were once called, merged in 1831. The 18 yards of the Ehlenbogen staff and the five yards of the Peterzeller staff, formerly Reutiner staff, then formed a political municipality in 1835 and built a school and town hall on the Trollenberg. So this hamlet became the political center of the newly founded community. The so-called “staffs” were administrative units of the Alpirsbach monastery office . Since 1297, the monastery has gradually acquired goods "on the mountains" from the nobility, who had run into financial difficulties.

The 18 yards of the Ehlenbogener Stab ( Ehlenbogen im Kinzigtal) included:

  • Hamlet - (4 courtyards)
  • Outer Vogelsberg - (4 courtyards)
  • Innerer Vogelsberg - (2 courtyards)
  • Front chair courtyard - (1 courtyard)
  • Rear chair courtyard - (1 courtyard)
  • Romishorn – (3 Höfe)
  • Grabenhof - (1 courtyard)
  • Trollenberg - (2 courtyards)

The 5 courtyards of the Peterzeller staff (formerly Reutiner staff) were assigned:

  • Birkhof – (1 Hof)
  • Eichhof – (1 Hof)
  • Greuthof - (1 courtyard)
  • Lindenbuch - (2 courtyards)

The original 23 courtyards, as the courtyards of the two above-mentioned staffs were called earlier, were joined by the noble Trollenberg (up to 1805 sterneckisch ) in church and school. Politically, however, this farm still belonged to the municipality of Wilden .

In 1128 an owner on the mountains near Romishorn is mentioned for the first time, namely Manegolt von Beilstein ("Manegolt de bilstein"). [1] Vogelsberg is first mentioned in 1297. [2] Sattler reported in 1793 about an earlier Vogelsberg castle. [3] The former village, Innerer and Outer Vogelsberg, together with its court seat, the Stuhlhöfe, had extensive markings . 1,460 are in Vogelsberg 21 and in the stool four fiefdoms called. [4]

During the Peasants' War in 1525 , Thomas Maier moved from Vogelsberg with the heap in front of Wald to Dornstetten , Neuneck , Glatt , Sulz , Herrenberg and Böblingen . After the lost battle of Böblingen (May 12, 1525), he was captured while fleeing in the Zinsbachtal near Pfalzgrafenweiler and beheaded in Tübingen. [5] Lux Pfau from Romishorn and Hans Scherer from Lossburg led the Reutin staff against the Alpirsbach monastery and then on to Schenkenzell , Schiltach , Wolfach , Romberg, Schapbachand Rippoldsau . After the defeat they were sent to the prison in Wolfach. In February 1526, Countess Elisabeth von Fürstenberg dismissed her after the two rebels had sworn primal feuds . [6]

In 1953/54 the community built a new schoolhouse, which today serves as the community center. The elementary school pupils attend the elementary school in Betzweiler-Wlassung, the secondary and secondary school pupils the school center in Lossburg.

On July 1, 1974, twenty-four courtyards were incorporated into Lossburg. [7]

Ecclesiastical

In church terms, the farms on the mountains belonged to the parish of Dornhan until 1947 . Since then, 24-Höfe has been a branch of the Protestant parish of Betzweiler, which was founded in 1892 .

The field names Killberg (= Kilchberg, Kirchberg) and Widum on the Vogelsberg suggest an old church in the former village.

sources

  1. StAS (State Archives Sigmaringen) Dep. 39 HH U 582
  2. ^ HStAS (Main State Archive Stuttgart): H 14 Vol. 4 II, p. 510
  3. ^ Sattler, Christian Friedrich, Historical Description of the Duchy of Württemberg, Stuttgart 1752
  4. HStAS: H 102/2 Bd. 4, S. 218b, 219a
  5. For more details, see Thomas Maier
  6. cf. Baumann, Franz Ludwig, files on the history of the German Peasant War from Oberschwaben, Freiburg 1877, p. 403, no. 427 {original in FFAD (Fürstlich Fürstenbergisches Archiv Donaueschingen), Jurisdictionalie in Amt Wolfach A VII, 1 is missing
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 492.

literature

  • Hans Saile: Historical outline of Lossburg and its suburbs . In: Loßburger Hefte No. 5, Freudenstadt 1999, pp. 111–150.
  • Hans Saile: Landmarks and field names of Lossburg and its suburbs . In: Loßburger Hefte, No. 9, Freudenstadt 2004, pp. 146–192.

Weblinks

Coordinates: 48 ° 22 ' N , 8 ° 26' E