2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm I." No. 110 - 2. Badisches Grenadier-Regiment „Kaiser Wilhelm I.“ Nr. 110

2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm I." No. 110

active 1852 to 1919
State Grand Duchy of Baden Grand Duchy of Baden
Armed forces Baden Army /
Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
Insinuation XIV Army Corps (since 1871)

The 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm I." No. 110 was an infantry regiment of the Baden Army and in 1871 became part of the Baden contingent in the Prussian Army .

history

The armory in Mannheim . At times a barracks for the regiment

The regiment was reorganized on October 22, 1852 as the 2nd Line Infantry Regiment , with soldiers from the 4th and 7th Battalion being drawn together, who remained in their regimental location in Rastatt . The new regiment belonged to the 2nd Brigade , together with the 2nd Fusilier Battalion in Freiburg im Breisgau and the 4th Infantry Regiment in Constance . On September 21, 1867, the regiment chief, King of Prussia, took the first parade over the regiment.

War Austria against France and Sardinia 1859

In 1859 there was mobilization and gathering near Karlsruhe, but the regiment did not intervene in the fighting, as a peace agreement was reached (→ Sardinian War ).

German War 1866

In the war against Prussia , two companies of the regiment took part in the battle near Werbach on July 24, 1866 .

Franco-German War 1870/71

Plan of Strasbourg at the time of the siege in 1870

In the Franco-Prussian War , the regiment was involved in numerous combat operations. Four days later, after the mobilization on July 16, 1870, 900 men were deployed in Mannheim. The troops in Durlach , subordinate to the 2nd Battalion, moved out on July 18 to secure the Maxau Rhine Bridge and set up outposts at Hagenbach by July 21 to observe the French border. The commanding general was August von Werder . The regiment gathered in Rastatt on July 22nd and moved to Mühlburg and Knielingen on July 30th . On August 2nd the Rhine becamecrossed over the Rhine bridge Maxau. On August 4th, the French border was crossed and Lauterbourg was occupied without resistance. On August 6, the regiment moved to Gunstett and arrived there shortly after the battle of Wörth . On August 7th, Haguenau was stormed like a raid by the cavalry brigade, so that there was no resistance and numerous prisoners could be taken. The next day , quarters were taken up in Brumath , and thus further on towards Strasbourg .

The siege of Strasbourg followed for seven weeks . On August 11th the regiment advanced via Mundolsheim and Souffelweyersheim , with an outpost in Hönheim . The regiment's first real battle took place on August 13, in which five soldiers were killed when an outpost at the St. Helena churchyard (near Schiltigheim ) withdrew. In August 1870, numerous smaller skirmishes with some wounded followed near Schiltigheim, in the Rupprechtsaue and near Königshofen. After the bombing of Strasbourg had failed, the formal siege followed . When lifting and securingTrenches there came the morning of September 2 in a failure of the French by the Strasbourg Crown Gate towards Kronenburg to several engagements in which the regiment had to complain about twenty dead and 25 wounded. Until the city surrendered on September 28th, there were a few exchanges of fire with several losses. All in all, the regiment off Strasbourg had to cope with thirty dead and 59 wounded.

The regiment now became part of the newly formed XIV Army Corps and marched on October 3rd towards St. Dié . On October 7th, they crossed the Vosges and moved into Provenchères , Neuviller's quarters. On October 11th, after a battle, the small town of Bruyères was captured, with the regiment suffering five dead and 32 wounded. Via Épinal on October 13, Vesoul on October 18 and Frasne-le-Château on October 20, the troops reached the Ognon in the Etuz area on October 22where other parts of the army corps had enemy contact. On October 26th, after Gray had marched through, quarters were occupied in Autrey-lès-Gray . On 27 October occurred on Vingeanne skirmishes in Fahy-lès-Autrey and Saint-Seine-sur-Vingeanne in which only small losses were recorded. On October 28, the regiment stayed in Mirebeau , before it becomes a battle of October 30, Dijon came [1], in which the city was conquered with the loss of 14 dead, 51 wounded and three missing. The regiment stayed in Dijon and the surrounding area for about two months. During this time there were minor skirmishes and skirmishes, at Brazey on November 5th and at Broin on November 19th. On November 27, fourteen soldiers of the regiment were wounded and one killed in fighting at Pasques and near Velars-sur-Ouche . On November 30th the first battle took place at Nuits-Saint-Georgeswith four dead, 38 wounded and thirteen missing. The second skirmish at Nuits on December 18 was the most violent of the entire war. In addition to 240 wounded and four missing, 101 members of the regiment, including the regimental commander von Renz, were killed. December 18 later became the regiment's day of honor. From January 15 to 17, 1871, six members of the regiment died in the Battle of the Lisaine and thirteen were wounded. After the end of the war, the regiment crossed the Rhine at Kehl on March 28 and reached Karlsruhe for a parade on April 3, from where the regiments were again distributed among their garrisons.

Total loss of the regiment :

Dead : 11 officers / 14 NCOs / 146 men
Wounded : 25 officers / 46 NCOs / 381 men
Missing : 10 teams

First World War 1914/18

During the First World War , the regiment was subordinate to the 28th Infantry Division . It mobilized on August 2, 1914 and was used on the Western Front throughout the war . In October 1916 the regiment received a 2nd and 3rd MG company and at the end of August 1918 an MW company. During the heavy defensive battles in Champagne and on the Meuse , the 4th, 8th and 12th companies had to be disbanded due to the inadequate replacement position.

Whereabouts

After the armistice of Compiègne , the remnants of the association marched back home. The regimental staff, the 1st and 2nd battalions were in Heidelberg from November 26, 1918, the III. Battalion demobilized in Mannheim from December 18, 1918 . The regiment was finally dissolved in mid-February 1919 via the Heidelberg liquidation center.

From January 13, 1919, the Baden Volunteer Battalion I was formed in Heidelberg from demobilized parts. This went on with the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr in June 1919 in the 2nd Battalion of the Badischer Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 1, the later Reichswehr Rifle Regiment 27.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 3rd Company of the 14th (Baden) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

Locations

  • 1852: Rastatt
  • 1857: Mannheim
  • 1859: Konstanz
  • 1866/67: Karlsruhe
  • 1867: Mannheim, Rastatt
  • 1869: Mannheim, Durlach
  • 1881: Mannheim, Heidelberg

designation

  • 22. October 1852: 2. Infantry Regtiment
  • August 9, 1857: 2nd Infantry Regiment "Prince of Prussia"
  • 5th January 1861: 2nd Infantry Regiment "King of Prussia"
  • September 9, 1869: 2nd Grenadier Regiment "King of Prussia"
  • Until July 1, 1871, the troops carried the designation as "Grand Ducal Baden"; the designation “Grand Ducal” is no longer used as a result of the convention with Prussia.
  • May 1, 1871: 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm" (from May 18 with the addition "No. 110" (until 1888))
  • 2. August 1888: 2. Badisches Grenadier-Regiment „Kaiser Wilhelm I.“ Nr. 110

Uniform

Soldat in Uniform
Soldat in Uniform

1852

White shoulder flap with red "2"
Red sleeve flaps

1858

White sleeve flaps

1867

Red sleeve flaps

1914

Dark blue uniform skirt
Red Brandenburg cuffs
White epaulettes with red signature: crowned monogram "WR I." (the "R" stands for "Rex" = king)
Namesake of the regiment: Kaiser Wilhelm I.
Regiment chief from 1893: Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Regimentschef

Rank Name date
Wilhelm of Prussia (Kaiser Wilhelm I.) 0 August 9, 1857 to March 8, 1888
Kaiser Wilhelm II. September 14, 1893 until dissolution in 1919

Commanders

Rank Name Date [2]
Oberst Carl Dreyer October 22, 1852 to January 29, 1855
Oberst Adalbert von Adelsheim January 30, 1855 to December 28, 1858
Oberst Franz Anton Keller January 15 to May 16, 1859
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Ludwig von Neubronn May 17, 1859 to September 3, 1866
Oberst Theodor Hoffmann June 20, 1866 to April 16, 1867
Oberst Gustav Julius von Peternell April 17, 1867 to November 4, 1868
Oberst Carl von Renz November 21, 1868 to December 18, 1870
Major Wilhelm Joseph Ferdinand von Wolff December 19-20, 1870 (entrusted with the tour)
Lieutenant colonel Carl Hieronimus December 21-30, 1870 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant colonel Otto Stölzel December 30, 1870 to June 19, 1871
Oberst Otto Stölzel June 20, 1871 to February 9, 1872
Lieutenant colonel Ernst von Legat February 23 to April 12, 1872 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel /
Colonel
Ernst von Legat April 13, 1872 to April 12, 1878
Lieutenant colonel Karl Albrecht Gustav Hermann von Gerhardt April 13 to 17, 1878 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Karl Albrecht Gustav Hermann von Gerhardt April 18, 1878 to January 11, 1884
Oberst Arno from Arndt January 12, 1884 to March 21, 1887
Lieutenant colonel Camillo von Maliszewski March 22 to May 13, 1887 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Camillo von Maliszewski May 14, 1887 to March 23, 1890
Oberst Alexander Hans Constantin von Oppen March 24, 1890 to June 16, 1893
Oberst Georg von Perbandt June 17, 1893 to July 17, 1896
Oberst Georg von Zastrow July 18, 1896 to June 14, 1899
Oberst Viktor von Safft June 15, 1899 to March 21, 1903
Oberst Viktor von Specht March 22, 1903 to April 21, 1905
Oberst Hans von Winterfeld April 22, 1905 to February 19, 1909
Oberst Adolf Wild von Hohenborn February 20, 1909 to October 4, 1910
Oberst Gaspard from Eberhardt 0 October 5, 1910 to April 17, 1913
Oberst Otto von Diepenbroick-Grüter April 18, 1913 to October 28, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Wilfried von Lettow-Vorbeck October 29 to December 23, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Leberecht von Blücher December 24, 1914 to May 9, 1915
Lieutenant colonel George of Siber May 10 to September 12, 1915
Lieutenant colonel Paul Kirch September 13, 1915 to June 20, 1916
Major Heinrich von Westernhagen June 21 to August 9, 1916
Major Heinrich Boettlin August 10 to September 11, 1916
Major Heinrich Wambold September 12, 1916 to March 24, 1918
Major Wilhelm Madlung March 25, 1918 to February 9, 1919

Known members of the regiment

literature

  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 186.
  • Ernst Becker: History of the 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm No. 110. Berlin 1877. Digitized in the Internet archive
  • Wilhelm Bodenstein: List of officers of the 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. No. 110. Oldenburg 1902.
  • von Grüter: The 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. No. 110 in the World War 1914/18. In: memorial sheets of German regiments. Troops of the former Prussia. Contingent. Volume 200, Oldenburg 1927. Digital full text from the Württemberg State Library
  • Philipp Koerner: Badener in the campaign 1870/71 - memories of a one-year-old volunteer from the 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm No. 110 of the campaign 1870/71. Volume 15, Karlsruhe 1900.
  • from L'Estocq: History of the 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. No. 110. Leipzig 1905.
  • Karl Morneweg: The 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm No. 110 under the 25-year ownership of His Majesty the Emperor Wilhelm I. Heidelberg 1882.
  • Walter Rochlitz: Former 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. No. 110. Berlin 1938.
  • Wolf Schede: The 2nd Baden Grenadier Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. No. 110 in the World War 1914–1918. Heidelberg 1921.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. See: Batailles de Dijon (1870–1871) in the French Wikipedia
  2. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , p. 283f.