2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88 - 2. Nassauisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 88

2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88

active August 13, 1808 to April 30, 1919
State Duchy of Nassau /
Kingdom of Prussia
Armed forces Nassau Army , from 1866: Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Insinuation XVIII. Armee-Korps
Former locations Mainz , Hanau
Nassau 2nd Infantry Regiment. 1810 in Spain

The second Nassau Infantry Regiment. 88 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

history

Nassau Army (until 1866)

Until 1866 the regiment was an association of the Nassau Army and was called the 2nd Infantry Regiment . Napoleon's desire for more soldiers led on August 13, 1808 to the formation of the regiment from the 2nd Nassau Battalion ( Jäger Battalion ) and the 3rd Nassau Battalion (light Jäger battalion). Each battalion consisted of one grenadier, four fusilier and one voltigeur company. The Austrian regulations were the basis for the rank badges and training. From 1809 French regulations and badges were introduced.

Commanders

1808 Colonel August von Kruse [1]
1814 Wilhelm von Goedecke
1817 Ferdinand von Hagen
1830 Adolf von Nauendorff
1840 Nikolaus Alefeld

1848 Georg Gerau
1848 Friedrich von Reichenau
1855 Friedrich Weiz
1861 to 1864 Bruno Neidhardt von Gneisenau
1865 Friedrich von Arnoldi

Calls

Prussian Army (from 1866)

After the annexation of Nassau by Prussia , the Nassau Army was dissolved and the remaining personnel were taken over into the Prussian Army on October 30, 1866 as Infantry Regiment No. 88.

Locations

The Reduit in Mainz-Kastel in which the regiment was located.
  • 1866 Luxembourg
  • 1867 Fulda, Hersfeld
  • 1871 Mainz fortress
  • 1894–97 Ten
  • 1914 Mainz in the Elisabethen barracks at the gold mine, Hanau (2nd battalion) in the infantry barracks at Paradeplatz

Association membership

1914
1915–1918

Franco-German War

In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 the regiment took part in the battles near Weißenburg (August 4th), Wörth - conquest of the first mitrailleuse (August 6th), Sedan (September 1st), Mont Valerien (January 19th, 1871), as well as in the siege of Paris (September 22, 1870 to January 28, 1871).

First World War

During the First World War , the regiment was used in the Battle of the Marne in 1914 . In 1915 it relocated the Galician Eastern Front , returned to the Western Front in 1916 and took part in the battles around Verdun and the Somme until the end of the war .

Whereabouts

After the armistice of Compiègne , the regiment marched back home, where it was demobilized in Bad Orb from December 26th to 31st, 1918 and finally disbanded on April 30th, 1919. [4]

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 15th Company of the 15th Infantry Regiment in Kassel by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt .

Regimentschef

Constantine I of Greece in the uniform of a Prussian Field Marshal General (1913)

The first and only head of the regiment since September 6, 1913 was the Greek King Constantine I.

Commanders

Rank Name Date [5]
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Oskar Beyer from Karger October 30, 1866 to March 9, 1870
Oberst Richard Köhn from Jaski March 10 to August 6, 1870
Lieutenant colonel Leopold Preuss August 10, 1870 to July 11, 1873
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Hugo von Below July 12, 1873 to February 13, 1874 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Hugo von Below February 14, 1874 to September 30, 1876
Oberst Karl von Bötticher 0 October 1, 1876 to November 1, 1882
Oberst Alexander von Hornhardt 0 November 2, 1882 to February 3, 1888
Oberst Albert von Zingler 0 February 4, 1887 to November 12, 1888
Lieutenant colonel Georg von Bosse November 13 to December 12, 1888 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Georg von Bosse December 13, 1888 to March 23, 1890
Oberst Jacob Meckel March 24, 1890 to May 16, 1892
Oberst Anton Volk May 17, 1892 to June 17, 1895
Oberst Hans von Bonin June 18, 1895 to January 26, 1899
Oberst Alfred von François January 27, 1899 to April 21, 1902
Oberst August Mathy April 22, 1902 to April 9, 1906
Oberst Roderich von Dewitz April 10, 1906 to March 21, 1910
Oberst Karl Brosius March 22, 1910 to March 4, 1913
Oberst Hermann von Bassewitz 0 March 5, 1913 to August 1, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Harry Puder 0 August 2 to October 19, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Karl Brentano October 20, 1914 to February 17, 1915
Oberst Walter Rogge February 18, 1915 to October 7, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Guischard 0 October 8, 1918 to 1919

Assignments

33 new infantry regiments were set up by the law on the increase of the army of January 28, 1896. These should be formed from the 4th battalions of the old regiments. The new regiments were initially set up in two battalions. A battalion of Infantry Regiment No. 166 was put together from IV. Battalion of 1st Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88.

To set up other associations, the following had to be submitted: [6]

  • on April 1, 1881 - the 3rd Company to Infantry Regiment No. 97
  • on October 1, 1887 - the 10th Company to Infantry Regiment No. 145
  • on October 1, 1912 - the 9th Company to Infantry Regiment No. 172

monument

In the Mainz monument zone "Grüngürtel-Promenade Römerwall / Drususwall" a monument was erected for the " 88ers" in the form of a simple block made of red sandstone opposite the Vinzenz hospital (Kleine Windmühlenstraße). [7] Above the inscription, a "K" with a crown between the years 1808 and 1919 refers to the history of the regiment and the regiment chief King Constantine I of Greece. [8th]

literature

  • Otto von Pivka : armies and weapons. Volume 2: Napoleon's allies in Germany. Bonn 1979, ISBN 3-8033-0285-4 .
  • Guntram Müller-Schellenberg: The Nassau military in Napoleonic times. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, ISBN 978-3-922027-79-9 .
  • Peter Wacker: The ducal-Nassau military 1813–1866. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, ISBN 3-922027-85-7 .
  • Walter Rosenwald : The Herzoglich-Nassauische Brigade in the campaign 1866. Taking into account field troops from Kurhessen, Hessen-Darmstadt, Baden, Württemberg and Austria (= Guntram Müller-Schellenberg, Peter Wacker (Ed.): Das Herzoglich-Nassauische Militär 1806–1866 . Volume 3). Schellenberg, Taunusstein 1983, ISBN 978-3-922027-98-0 .
  • Walter Rogge: The Royal. Prussia. 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. German deed in World War I, Volume 7, Bernard & Graefe Verlag, Berlin 1936.
  • Schmidt: 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. Memorabilia of German regiments, Volume 10, Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1922.
  • Wilhelm von Isenbart: History of the Duke Nassau 2nd regiment. Tribe of the Royal Prussian 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88 (1808–1866). ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1891.
  • 2. Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. 33 photos based on original photos on the occasion of the centenary 1808–1908. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg 1908.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88. 33 photos based on original photos on the occasion of the centenary 1808–1908. Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg 1908, p. 1.
  2. Peter Wacker: The ducal-Nassau military 1813-1866. Schellenberg'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, p. 32ff.
  3. ^ Alfred Börckel : Mainz as a fortress and garrison from Roman times to the present . Verlag von J. Diemer, Mainz 1913, p. 302.
  4. ^ Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , p. 158.
  5. ^ Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of the active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commandos and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 225–226 .
  6. ^ G. Voigt: Deutschlands Heere bis 1918. Volume 3, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1982, p. 347.
  7. Ordinance (PDF; 711 kB) on the protection of the monument zone “Grüngürtel-Promenade Römerwall / Drususwall” in Mainz
  8. Wolfgang Balzer: Royal Prussian 2nd Nassau Infantry Regiment No. 88 on: festung-mainz.de.