2nd Naval Airborne Helicopter Squadron - 2.ª Escuadrilla Aeronaval de Helicópteros
|2nd Naval Airborne Helicopter Squadron|
|Type||Squadron of Naval Aviation|
|Part of||Naval Air Squad No. 2|
|Quartering||Naval Air Base Commander Espora|
|equipment||Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King|
|Norbert Mud [ 2 ]|
|Culture and history|
|Wars and battles|
The first Sea King helicopters were incorporated by the Argentine Navy in 1972, with which the unit would use them on board the icebreaker ARA Almirante Irízar (Q-5) and the aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo (V-2) .
The 2nd Naval Aircraft Helicopter Squadron (EA2H) had a total of five Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters , which could function for antisubmarine warfare , transport, search and rescue or amphibious assault . The commander was Lieutenant Commander Norberto Ignacio Barro. [ 4 ]
Shortly before starting Operation Rosario on April 2, 1982, the Squadron had two helicopters in service. On March 28, 1982, one embarked on the ARA Veinticinco de Mayo (V-2) aircraft carrier and the other on the ARA Almirante Irízar (Q-5) icebreaker , both in transport configuration. [ 4 ]
On April 2, 1982, at 07:27 hours, the SH-3 took off from the ARA Almirante Irízar, which was located south of the Cabo San Felipe lighthouse . It landed on the west end of the Stanley Airport runway , just as the vehicles arrived on the beach. In this way, this Sea King became the first Argentine aircraft to land in the Malvinas during the armed conflict. Operating with two alternating crews, the helicopter completed the landing of 197 men, 8 drums of JP1 and 1 wounded at the airfield. [ 5 ]
The following day, the same SH-3 continued to transport 174 troops and loads to Stanley. Meanwhile, the other Sea King disembarked personnel from the Anti-Submarine Air Naval Squadron (EA2S) from the ARA Veinticinco de Mayo Aircraft Carrier, which was sailing near the island capital. After completing this task, the large ship headed for the Puerto Belgrano Naval Base (BNPB). [ 6 ]
On April 4, the SH-3 of the ARA Almirante Irízar carried out a helicopter landing of Company "C" of the 25th Infantry Regiment (C / RI 25) in Puerto Darwin ; the settlement did not resist. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] The next day, the icebreaker ARA Almirante Irízar and Corvette ara guerrico (P-32) landed Army personnel in Fox Bay ; SH-3 dropped 15 men. [ 8 ]
On April 5, the ARA Veinticinco de Mayo sent its SH-3 to Commander Espora. On April 7, the ARA Almirante Irízar arrived at Puerto Madryn , where its SH-3 disembarked personnel and left for the aforementioned Base. Operation Rosario had ended. [ 8 ]
Operations on the aircraft carrier
From April 8 to 16, 1982, the Squadron remained in Commander Espora to complete its enlistment to join the ARA Veinticinco de Mayo Aircraft Carrier, which was part of Task Force 79 (FT 79). On April 17, the two helicopters in service boarded the ship, in addition to the personnel. [ 9 ]
During the navigation in the Argentine sea , the unit carried out training in antisubmarine techniques and tactics. The 2nd Squadron began operating in cooperation with the Naval Airborne Anti-Submarine Squadron (EA2S), which was equipped with S-2E Tracker aircraft . [ 9 ]
As of May 1, the Squadron remained on guard to conduct antisubmarine and antisurface search or search and rescue. [ 10 ]
On May 2, the nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror (S48) sank the Cruiser ARA General Belgrano (C-4) on the Namuncurá / Burdwood bank . At night and for an hour, an SH-3 carried out a search mission for submarines, without obtaining success. [ 11 ]
On May 10, the aircraft carrier landed at the Puerto Belgrano Naval Base and the Squadron stayed at the Comandante Espora Naval Air Base, where it remained from May 10 to 20. Anti-submarine training was intensified, especially at night. [ 13 ]
The Naval Aviation Command arranged to dispatch the 2nd Squadron to Viedma to carry out anti-submarine operations with three SH-3 helicopters. The missions consisted of flights between radial 070 ° and 200 ° up to a distance of 100 nm, armed with two MK-44 torpedoes . These flights began on May 22. [ 13 ]
Rescue on Borbón Island
On June 1, two Sea Kings carried out a rescue mission on Bourbon Island to rescue a pilot and nine mechanics after their aircraft were destroyed. They left at 14:32 both Sea King next to a SA330 Puma of Naval Prefecture Argentina that was to accompany about 120 miles to work properly verify your navigation device VLF / OMEGA installed by the threat of Harriers of the Royal Navy that they dominated the airspace on Gran Malvina Island . The helicopters flew very low in extreme cold for three hours, arriving at 17:36. Recovered the personnel, they take off at 18:15 in darkness, withnight vision goggles and without the help of the navigator had been knocked out of order upon landing. They arrived in Río Grande (Tierra del Fuego) at 9:55 p.m.
In the final operations, the helicopters were configured for sanitary and rescue functions embarked on the icebreaker ARA Almirante Irízar.
At 9:00 p.m. on June 14, the Argentine surrender took place. The Sea Kings would return to the Malvinas, to withdraw troops and wounded, occasionally operating on the deck of a British ship.
- Army Aviation Grouping 601
- Combat Aviation Battalion 601
- Air Group 7
- 1st Naval Airborne Helicopter Squadron
- 3rd Air Naval Helicopter Squadron
- «2nd Naval Airborne Helicopter Squadron» . Helis.com (in English) . Retrieved October 2, 2017 .
- Martini, 1992, p. 313.
- "Sikorsky S-61 H-3 in Argentine Naval Aviation Command" . Helis.com (in English) . Retrieved October 2, 2017 .
- Martini, 1992, p. 62.
- Martini, 1992, p. 63.
- Martini, 1992, p. 64.
- Ruiz Moreno, Isidoro (2016). Commands in Action (2nd Edition). Buenos Aires: Clarity. p. 213. ISBN 978-950-620-312-2 .
- Martini, 1992, p. 65.
- Martini, 1992, p. 315.
- Martini, 1992, p. 316.
- Martini, 1992, p. 317.
- Martini, 1992, pp. 317-318.
- Martini, 1992, p. 318.
- Martini, 1992, p. 523.