3rd Panzer Army (Red Army) - 3. Panzerarmee (Rote Armee)
3rd Panzer Army
|active||May 1942 to 1960|
|Armed forces||Red Army|
|Armed forces||Armed Forces|
The 3rd Panzer Army was a large armored unit of the Red Army in World War II . Deployed in 1942 from the 58th Army , she served in the Battle of Rzhev in the summer of 1942 and was then held in reserve for six months. In early 1943 it was used in the Voronezh Front in Operation Ostrogoschsk-Rossosh , the Voronezh-Kastornoje Operation and the Third Battle of Kharkov . In April 1943 it was transformed back into the 57th Army , but as early as May as the 3rd Armored Guard Armyset up again. As such, they took in the summer of 1943 as part of the Bryansk Front on the Operation Kutuzov part, then as part of the Voronezh Front in the Chernigov-Poltava operation , the Battle of the Dnieper and the Battle of Kiev . As part of the 1st Ukrainian Front , she took part in the Dnepr-Carpathian Operation and the Lviv-Sandomierz Operation in 1944. In 1945 she was involved in the Vistula-Oder Operation , the Lower Silesian Operation , the Battle of Berlin and the Prague Operation .
After the war it was part of the group of the Soviet Armed Forces in Germany with headquarters in Eberswalde , was renamed the 3rd Mechanized Guards Army in 1946 and the 18th Guards Army in 1960 . The latter was withdrawn from Germany in the summer of 1964 and relocated to the Turkmenistan military district.
Second World War
The 3rd Panzer Army was set up on the orders of the High Command on May 25 and 26, 1942 in the Moscow military district using the headquarters of the 58th Army and assembled in the Tula / Yefremov area by July . From late July to late August, it was used as part of the Western Front in the First Rzhev Sychovka Operation . Here she competed against the German 2nd Panzer Army under Rudolf Schmidt in the Koselsk area . On September 9, the High Command issued an order to withdraw the army to the Kaluga area and transfer it to the Stawka reserve.
From January 13 to 27, 1943, the army took part as part of the Voronezh Front in the Ostrogoschsk-Rossosh operation, in which, in cooperation with the 40th Army, the Hungarian 2nd Army was surrounded and largely destroyed. From February 2, the participation in the offensive on Kharkov followed , while the army advanced in a westerly direction via Kupyansk - Waluiki on Kharkov . The battle for Kharkov ended, however, with a defeat for the Red Army, and the 3rd Panzer Army had to evacuate the already occupied city in March. It then went into the stock of the southwest frontand was disbanded in April and their headquarters used to reorganize the 57th Army . In mid-May 1943 it was ordered to be re-erected until June 5; it was re-erected under the name of the 3rd Armored Guard Army in the area of the Brjansk Front .
|12th Panzer Corps||Major General Mitrofan Ivanovich Sinkovich||30th, 97th and 106th tank brigade|
|15th Panzer Corps||Generalmajor Filip Nikitiowitsch Rudkin||88th, 113th and 195th tank brigades|
|2nd Mechanized Corps||Lieutenant General Ivan Petrovich Korchagin||18th, 34th and 43rd mechanized brigades and 33rd and 57th tank regiments|
From July 12 to August 18, 1943, the 3rd Armored Guard Army took part in the major offensive in the Oryol area; the city of Oryol was recaptured on August 5. Their corps were also given guard status for the successful battles near Orjol: from July 26th, the 12th and 15th Panzer Corps were divided into 6th and 7th Guard Panzer Corps and the 2nd mechan. Corps renamed 7th Guards Mechanized Corps. In mid-August the army was transferred to the reserve in the Kursk area . At the beginning of September the order was issued to concentrate the army in the Sumy area until September 15 . From here she took part in the advance of the Voronezh Front into Priluki at the end of September . From the beginning of November 1943 she was part of the1st Ukrainian Front (ex-Voronezh Front) deployed in the Battle of Kiev .
From the end of December 1943 to mid-January 1944, he participated in the Zhitomir-Berditschewer operation , the prelude to the Dnepr-Carpathian operation . In March 1944, the army took part in the Proskurov-Chernivtsi operation . From the end of March to the beginning of July there was a period of rest for the army in the reserve of the 1st Ukrainian Front. The next combat mission followed in the summer of 1944 in the Lviv-Sandomierz operation , in which the army advanced as far as the Vistula .
The year 1945 began for the army with the Vistula-Oder operation , in which from mid-January they advanced in an arc over Radomsko and the Warta to the upper reaches of the Oder south of Opole . In the Lower Silesian Operation , which began in the second week of February , she reached the Neisse . During March it was held in the second season of the 1st Ukrainian Front and then carried out the main strike in the Berlin operation with the tank armies of the 1st Belarusian Front in the second half of April .
From April 16, 1945, she took part in the Cottbus-Potsdam operation of the 1st Ukrainian Front, in which she was involved with the 4th Guards Armored Army in closing the Halbe pocket . During the storming of Berlin she advanced via Mariendorf in a northerly direction towards Baruth and Zossen , fought her way through the Grunewald and reached Charlottenburg after she was not allowed to take part in the storm on the city center . The army was withdrawn after the surrender of Berlin to the south and went under the Prague operation via Dresden to Prague before which was reached on the morning of May 9th.
post war period
From May 1945 the army belonged to the Central Army Group, which emerged from the 1st Ukrainian Front. Their headquarters were in Eberswalde , from 1946 temporarily in Pardubice , Czechoslovakia, and from 1947 in Jüterbog . It was renamed the 3rd Mechanized Army Guards in 1946 and the 18th Guards Army in 1960 . In 1964 he withdrew from the GDR and moved to Alma-Ata in the Turkestan military district.
Commander in World War II
3rd Panzer Army
- Prokofi Logvinowitsch Romanenko - May 25 to September 24, 1942
- Pawel Semjonowitsch Rybalko - 25 September 1942 bis 26 April 1943
3rd Guard Panzer Army
- Pavel Semyonovich Rybalko - May 14, 1943 until the end of the war