3M Technical Ceramics - 3M Technical Ceramics

3M Technical Ceramics

legal form Branch of 3M Germany GmbH
founding 1922
Seat Kempten (Allgäu) , Germany
Number of employees 656[1]
sales 110 Mio. EUR [1]
Branch Technical ceramics
Website www.technical-ceramics.3mdeutschland.de/de.html
As of December 31, 2014

3M Technical Ceramics (formerly Elektroschmelzwerk Kempten , until 2015 ESK Ceramics GmbH & Co. KG ) is a company based in Kempten (Allgäu) and a branch of 3M Germany . In 2011 the company made a profit of 27 million euros on total sales of 116 million euros. ESK Ceramics has been part of the 3M Group since December 2012 .

Company history

2014 bus logo

The company founded in 1922 by Max Schaidhauf in Sankt Mang as Elektroschmelzwerk Kempten (ESK) in the legal form of a stock corporation began in 1925 with the production of silicon carbide . The Dr. Alexander Wacker Gesellschaft für Elektrochemische Industrie took over the majority of ESK shares in 1933. After a fire in 1936, the company was rebuilt with a higher number of employees. In 1940 boron carbide was produced for the first time .

Due to a shortage of electricity, the smelting operation was relocated to the branch in Frechen-Grefrath in 1952 . It was converted into a limited liability company . In 1955 the melting plant was completely outsourced to Grefrath. [2] The production of mixed ceramics for metallization began in 1962. Ten years later, the surface was refined with nickel-diamond.

In 1977 the production of silicon and boron carbide components on the basis of pressureless sintering succeeded . In 1979 the world's first hot isostatic press was put into operation at temperatures above 1900 ° C for the production of non-oxide ceramics. In 2001 two hot presses with a pressing force of 600 tons were completed.

At the end of 2004, the Californian company Ceradyne acquired the Kempten electrical smelter . [3] This was in turn taken over by 3M in 2012/2013 .

In 2006, a new material based on titanium diboride ( titanium with two boron parts) was developed. [4]


  • Additives, powders, grains
  • Antioxidants and deoxidants
  • Ceramic ballistic protection
  • Sealing components
  • Nozzles
  • Foundry accessories
  • Components for plant construction
  • Cosmetic powder
  • Bearing components
  • Microreactors
  • Surface technology
  • Frictional connection elements
  • Tube
  • Release agents and lubricants
  • Evaporation boat
  • Heat exchanger
  • Accessories for the glass industry

Individual evidence

  1. a b ESK Ceramics GmbH & Co. KG. Annual financial statements as of December 31, 2014 (Federal Gazette)
  2. ^ Ralf Lienert: Sankt Mang glances. History of the community 1818–1972. An inventory 30 years after the municipal reform. Kempten 2002, pp. 220-224.
  4. History & Milestones In: esk.com (accessed May 28, 2013)


Coordinates: 47 ° 42 ′ 23.3 " N , 10 ° 19 ′ 50.6" E