4-stretcher ambulance - 4-Tragen-Krankentransportwagen

4-stretcher ambulance

4-stretcher-KTW of the disaster control
4-stretcher-KTW of the disaster control

Vehicle data

Abbreviation: 4-stretcher KTW
Land: Germany
Crew: originally:
squad leader or 1 squad leader or
1 paramedic
1 driver
today: different from region to region
Commitment: Ambulance transport, care
Furnishing: STAN of the federal government
Speed: 113 - 155 km / h (depending on the model)
Perm. Total weight : varies
between 2.6 tons and 3.5 tons [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] kilograms , depending on the variant
Drive: Road (rear axle drive) [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
KrKw of the Bundeswehr

The 4-stretcher ambulance is a vehicle used by the medical service in disaster control in Germany . It is no longer delivered nationwide, but is still widely used.

The Bundeswehr also uses vehicles for four injured persons lying down, whereby the term ambulance (KrKw) is used here. The Bundeswehr differentiates between commercially available (HÜ) and all-terrain (GL).


The Federal Office for Civil Protection (today: Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief ), which originally procured and equipped it, only defined “KTW” [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] as an abbreviation . The abbreviations “4-stretcher-KTW” are used in common parlance to distinguish them from ambulances of the regular qualified ambulance.


The 4-stretcher ambulance is not standardized, but there is a federal strength and equipment certificate (STAN). The equipment also corresponded to DIN 75 080. As long as the vehicle is still being run as a federal vehicle, the equipment according to the federal STAN must be kept as a minimum.

In the vehicle there are two carrying frames on the left and right on the wall, on which two patients can be placed on top of each other. The carrying devices can be folded up so that a flat and large loading area is created. In addition, with older vehicle models and the Bundeswehr KrKw, the carrying frames can be partially converted into seating, so that up to 6 slightly injured people can be transported in a space-saving manner.


4-stretcher KTW as Ford Transit high

The ambulance is used to transport up to four injured or sick people to stationary care facilities under medical care. In addition to pure transport, medical support for other areas of responsibility (such as care and decontamination ) as well as first aid for injured persons can also be provided.


The 4-stretcher ambulance originally belonged to the injured person transport group of the ambulance train (STAN no. 041), which consisted of four 4-stretcher ambulances. [6] The eight forces were composed of a group leader, a squad leader, two medical workers and four drivers (one KTW with group leader and driver, a KTW with squad leader and drivers, and two ambulances, each with a medical assistant, and a driver). [6]

The existing vehicles were following the abolition of uniform national guidelines for the civil protection features different uses in the newly established units such as operational units and fast-groups , respectively.


4-stretcher KTW as Ford Transit wide

Five different types of 4-stretcher ambulances were procured by the federal government. In 1980, [1] 1984 [2] and 1991 vehicles based on different series of Ford Transit were procured [4] . A prototype based on a Mercedes-Benz T 1 was also built in 1984. [3] There was also a federal procurement after 1999 on a Mercedes-Benz Sprinter basis. [5] This was the last series of acquisitions for this vehicle type.

Some districts and federal states have also procured 4-stretcher ambulances for disaster control. In Schleswig-Holstein, for example, vehicles based on Mercedes-Benz Sprinter and VW Crafter were procured in 2008 . [7]


As part of the establishment of medical task forces , the federal government is procuring emergency ambulances with two stretchers as additional equipment for disaster control .


Commons : 4-stretcher ambulance in Germany - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d BVA: Data sheet for ambulances BA no. inter alia 1025/80.
  2. a b c d BVA: Data sheet for ambulances BA no. et al. 1002/84.
  3. a b c d BVA: Data sheet for ambulances BA no. 1107/84.
  4. a b c d BVA: Data sheet for ambulances BA no. 1019/91.
  5. a b c d BVA: Data sheet for ambulances BA no. 1011/99.
  6. a b BBK / BZS: Sanitätsdienst (SanDi) in disaster control. Medical train strength and equipment certificate (SZ). STAN no. 041. As of May 1984.
  7. Information on kfv-rdeck.de. ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )