40th Mixed Brigade (People's Army of the Republic) - 40.ª Brigada Mixta (Ejército Popular de la República)

40th Mixed Brigade
Active As November 26 as 1936 - 27 March as as 1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Spanish Republic
Rama/s Red star.svg Regular People's Army
Type Infantry
Size Mixed Brigade
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 40th Mixed Brigade was one of the Mixed Brigades created by the Popular Army of the Republic for the defense of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War . He was present in the Madrid Front throughout the war, where his activity was notable for the absence of fighting and a trench warfare.


The Brigade was formed 26 of November of 1936 in front of Madrid - based column Lieutenant Colonel Antonio Ortega Gutiérrez of the 19th Command of the Carabineros (stationed in Guipúzcoa) and prominent leader in the first phase of the war in the North . The brigade occupied the sector of the Madrid Front that ran from Isaac Peral Street to the wall of the Northern Railroad, at the end of the Parque del Oeste. It was formed on the basis of the battalions 157th Córdoba , 158th Basque Militias , 159th May 1st and 160th Comuneros de Castilla.. The last day of 1936 was finally incorporated into the 7th Division of the Colonel Prada . [ 1 ]

During December the Brigade rejected the attacks organized by the enemy in the Parque del Oeste, highlighting the defense of the Monument to the Heroes of the Colonial Wars. Between January 13 and January 29, the Comuneros, Córdoba, and May 1 battalions reconquered most of the Parque del Oeste , while the Basque Militias battalion occupied the offices of the Construction Board of the University City. In February and March the brigade carried out several attacks on the Fundación del Amo , the Institute of Hygiene and the Cancer Institute , which did not obtain any tangible results despite heavy casualties.

In April 1937 the Brigade came to occupy the front between Fernández de los Ríos Street and the Manzanares River at the height of the Moncloa Palace , that is, the entire University City . On this front he remained for the rest of the war, participating in the harsh mine warfare that characterized it. This situation would continue until 1939 , when he intervened in the Casado Uprising and aligned himself in favor of Colonel Casado . But the 27 of March of 1939 , surrendering to the republican forces of the Frente de Madrid , the 40th Mixed Brigade ceased to exist. [1]


Commanders in Chief

Throughout the war in command of the Brigade they succeeded: [ 1 ]


See also


  1. a b c d Carlos Engel, History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic , page 70