40th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 40.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)

40th Division
Active April 13, 1937 - March 27, 1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Spanish Republic
Rama/s Red star.svg Regular People's Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 40th Division was one of the Divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was made up of forces from the Carabineros Corps .

Record

The division was created on April 13, 1937, [ 1 ] in the Teruel Front. It was formed from forces from militias and Carabinieri forces from the 87th Mixed Brigade . The division was initially assigned to the «Teruel Operations Army», [ n. 1 ] although the unit was later assigned to the XIX Army Corps . In December 1937, integrated into the XX Army Corps , he participated in the republican offensive on Teruel. [ 3 ] [ 4 ]By then he was under the command of Carabinieri Lieutenant Colonel Andrés Nieto Carmona . [ 5 ] The 84th and 87th brigades were the ones that carried the weight of the struggle to conquer the capital of Teruel, after taking part in a house-to-house fight.

After the end of the fighting in Teruel, the 40th Division was placed in reserve, integrated into the XIX Army Corps , with its forces very worn out. [ 6 ] Later it was integrated into the XVII Army Corps , together with the 25th and 65th divisions ; He came to have an outstanding intervention during the republican defense of Caudiel's "bag" . [ 7 ] For their behavior during the fighting, the 40th Division was awarded the Medal of Valor. [ 8 ] [ 9 ]Towards the end of the war, in March 1939, it was located on the Segorbe front . [ 10 ]

Controls

Commanders
Commissar

Order of battle

Date Attached Army Corps Integrated Mixed Brigades Battle front
April-May 1937 Army of oper. from Teruel 82.ª , 84.ª , 87.ª Teruel
December 1937 XX Army Corps 82.ª , 84.ª , 87.ª Teruel
February 1938 XIX Army Corps 87.ª , 97.ª , 222.ª Teruel
March 1938 XIX Army Corps 87.ª , 222.ª , 58.ª y 97.ª Teruel-Levante
November 1938 XVII Army Corps 87.ª , 211.ª , 222.ª Levante

See also

Notes

  1. This unit had been created on April 14, 1937 under the command of Colonel Jesús Velasco Echave , and was made up of the 39th , 40th, 41st and 42nd divisions . [ 2 ]

References

Bibliography