450 years of war against imperialism - 450 años de guerra contra el imperialismo
Latin America and Imperialism, 450 Years of War , originally titled 450 Years of War Against Imperialism , is a cartoon created and written by Héctor Germán Oesterheld and drawn by Leopoldo Durañona . It tells the history of the Argentine Republic and its formation from the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata onwards, from what the author considered a popular vision. It was originally published in the newspaper El Descamisado , of the Montoneros guerrilla group.
450 Years of War Against Imperialism was written by Oesterheld after others dedicated to Che Guevara and Evita , as a series of comics intended to explain Argentine history from their point of view, highlighting the role of the popular classes of each historical moment and its figures. It was published during 1973 and 1974 in the weekly magazine " El Descamisado ". Its first appearance was in number 10, on July 24, 1973, and it was finished publishing in number 45, on March 26 , 1974. On April 8, President Juan Domingo Perón closed the magazine through decree 1100/74.
The comic describes the historical events of the formation of the Argentine State , the Conquest of America , the dismemberment of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata , the British intervention in the independence of Uruguay and the fall of Rosas, as well as the popular heroes that it considers more important, being the most prominent José Gervasio Artigas , and in the background Juan Manuel de Rosas .
He permanently compares historical facts with situations of recent politics, relating both in a flat and concise style, to establish what he considers to be a popular and an oligarchic historical line:
- The popular line would be constituted by Artigas, Pancho Ramírez , Dorrego , Rosas, Facundo Quiroga , Güemes , Perón and Evita, the federals and the unknown gauchos , soldaderas , blacks, slaves , countrymen and producers from the interior of the country.
- The oligarchic historical line would be represented by Miranda , Moreno , Castelli , Rivadavia , Urquiza , Miter , Sarmiento , the Unitarians , the merchants of Buenos Aires and Montevideo , and the British, French and Brazilian governments. History is written from a partisan Peronist point of view , in the tradition of revisionism of the historian Salvador Ferla .
Oesterheld only uses the usual methods of the comic for the story. There are few speech bubbles to indicate what characters "say" or "think", but an action is not followed sequentially from one panel to the next. Instead, the life of the heroes and traitors in the history of the Río de la Plata is recounted in the third person and the drawings are limited to illustrating the situations described.
- Imperialist Spain
- The rebellion of Túpac Amaru
- The English prepare for Domination
- The English Invasions
- The People cast out the English Invader
- The "third" English Invasion
- The "17" of the Orilleros
- Rivadavia, guarantee for the English
- The rebellion of Patricios and the anti-patria firing squad
- Artigas: The Great Homeland I
- Artigas: The Great Homeland II
- Artigas: The Great Homeland III
- The Delivery of Uruguay I
- The Montoneras
- The Army of the Great Homeland
- The Port Oligarchy
- The Delivery of Uruguay II
- Rosas I
- Roses II
- Roses III
- Rosas IV
- The Royalist Invasions
- The Death of Quiroga
- The Border I
- The Border II
- The Soldaderas
- Those who depopulated the Field
- The Betrayal of Justo José de Urquiza
- Urquiza also lost
- "Latin America and Imperialism: 450 years of war" by Doedytores (2004)
- "Argentine History with Drama and Humor" by Salvador Ferla (1974)