46th century BC Chr. - 46. Jahrhundert v. Chr.

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The 46th century BC Chr. Began on January 1 v 4600th And ended on December 31, 4501 BC. This corresponds to the period 6550 to 6451 before today or 5757 to 5668 radiocarbon years .

Time calculation

According to Pearson et al. (1986) the dendrochronologically calibrated radiocarbon ages for the 46th century fluctuate between 5749 and 5650 radiocarbon years, with the curve progressing at 4570 BC. Makes a slight negative excursion. [1] INTCAL98 (Stuiver et al. 1998) determined 5750 to 5675 radiocarbon years with slight declines at 4570 and 4520 BC. Chr. [2] In the CalPal correlation program , 5757 to 5668 radiocarbon years are given for the 46th century; here the curve flattens out at 4519 BC. Chr.

Age, epoch

Developments, inventions and discoveries

Water buffalo in Fujian , China

Archaeological cultures

Cultures in North Africa

Cultures in Mesopotamia and the Middle East

  • The Halaf culture (5500 to 5000 BC, also 5200 to 4500 BC) - late stage - disappears at the end of the century
  • Obed period (5500 to 3500 BC) - Obed II.
  • Tappe Sialk (6000 to 2500 BC) in Iran - Sialk III
  • Amuq (6000 to 2900 BC) in Turkey - Amuq D
  • Mersin (5400 bis 2900 v. Chr.) In Anatolien - Mersin 19-17
  • Eridu (from 5300 to approx. 1950 BC) in Mesopotamia - Eridu 14-12, temple construction phases XV-XII
  • Byblos in Lebanon - late Neolithic (5300 to 4500 BC)
  • Tappa Gaura (5000 to 1500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Tappa Gaura 19-18
  • Nineveh (from 6500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Nineveh 3
  • Susiana (5500 bis 4400 v. Chr.) In Iran - Susiana B
  • The sites of Haggi Mohammed (5000 to 4500 BC) and
  • Can Hasan (4900 to 4500 BC) in Turkey come to a standstill

Cultures in East Asia

Cultures in South Asia

Cultures in Europe

Gold objects from the cemetery of Varna

Individual evidence

  1. Pearson, G. W. u. a.: High-Precision 14C measurement of Irish oaks to show the natural 14C variations from AD 1840 to 5210 BC. In: Radiocarbon. 28 No. 2B, 1986, S. 911–934.
  2. Stuiver, M. u. a.: INTCAL98 Radiocarbon age correlation, 24,000-0 cal BP. In: Radiocarbon. 40, No. 3, 1998, S. 1041–1083.
  3. ^ Olmos, O. und Sanhueza, J .: The preceramic on the southern coast of Iquique . In: Chungará Magazine . Band 13 . University of Tarapacá, Arica - Chile 1984, S. 143–154.