46th century BC Chr. - 46. Jahrhundert v. Chr.
According to Pearson et al. (1986) the dendrochronologically calibrated radiocarbon ages for the 46th century fluctuate between 5749 and 5650 radiocarbon years, with the curve progressing at 4570 BC. Makes a slight negative excursion.  INTCAL98 (Stuiver et al. 1998) determined 5750 to 5675 radiocarbon years with slight declines at 4570 and 4520 BC. Chr.  In the CalPal correlation program , 5757 to 5668 radiocarbon years are given for the 46th century; here the curve flattens out at 4519 BC. Chr.
- Atlantic (7270 to 3710 BC)
- Ending Middle Neolithic (5000 to 4500 BC) in Central Europe . Trade relations are strengthening.
Developments, inventions and discoveries
- Introduction of the plow in Europe .
- In China the water buffalo is domesticated.
4600 to 4450 BC Chr .:
- In the cemetery of Varna there are extremely rich grave goods made of gold jewelry.
- 4600 v. Chr.:
- In the Mediterranean area, the prevailing monsoon climate ends and the climate becomes drier.
- 4550 v. Chr.:
- Transition from the Middle Atlantic (AT2 - 5050 to 4550 BC) to the Late Atlantic (AT3, lower level 1 - 4550 to 4050 BC)
- 4500 v. Chr.:
Cultures in North Africa
- Tenerife (5200 to 2500 BC) in the Ténéré desert with Gobero site .
- Egypt :
Cultures in Mesopotamia and the Middle East
- The Halaf culture (5500 to 5000 BC, also 5200 to 4500 BC) - late stage - disappears at the end of the century
- Obed period (5500 to 3500 BC) - Obed II.
- Tappe Sialk (6000 to 2500 BC) in Iran - Sialk III
- Amuq (6000 to 2900 BC) in Turkey - Amuq D
- Mersin (5400 bis 2900 v. Chr.) In Anatolien - Mersin 19-17
- Eridu (from 5300 to approx. 1950 BC) in Mesopotamia - Eridu 14-12, temple construction phases XV-XII
- Byblos in Lebanon - late Neolithic (5300 to 4500 BC)
- Tappa Gaura (5000 to 1500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Tappa Gaura 19-18
- Nineveh (from 6500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Nineveh 3
- Susiana (5500 bis 4400 v. Chr.) In Iran - Susiana B
- The sites of Haggi Mohammed (5000 to 4500 BC) and
- Can Hasan (4900 to 4500 BC) in Turkey come to a standstill
Cultures in East Asia
- Laoguantai culture (6000 to 3000 BC), upper Yellow River
- Dadiwan Culture (5800-3000 BC), Upper Yellow River
- Beixin culture (5400 to 4400 BC) in Shandong
- Qingliangang culture (5400 to 4400 BC) in lower Yangtsekiang
- Hemudu culture (5200 to 4500 BC, later dating 5000 to 3300 BC), Zhejiang
- Baiyangcun culture (5000 to 3700 BC, is also dated to more recent: 3000 to 1700 BC), Yunnan
- Yangshao culture (5000 to 2000 BC), central and northern China
- Caiyuan Culture (4800-3900 BC), Northwest China ( Ningxia )
- Majiabang culture (4750 to 3700 BC), Lower Yangtze River
- Hongshan Culture (4700 to 2900 BC) in Northeast China.
- Early Jeulmun period (6000 to 3500 BC).
- Jōmon time (10000 to 300 BC) - Early Jōmon time - Jōmon II (8000 to 4000 BC).
Cultures in South Asia
- Mehrgarh (7000 to 2600/2000 BC) in Balochistan - Mehrgarh II (5500 to 4800 BC) and Mehrgarh III (4800 to 3500 BC)
- Namazgadepe (5300 bis 1700 v. Chr.) In Turkmenistan - Namazgadepe II (bis 4300 v. Chr.)
Cultures in Europe
- Eastern Europe :
- Northeast Europe :
- Southeast Europe :
- Sesklo culture (6850 to 4400 BC) in northern Greece
- The Vinča culture or Danube civilization (5400 to 4500 BC) in Serbia , western Romania, southern Hungary and eastern Bosnia disappears at the end of the century.
- Dimini culture (4800 to 4000 BC) in Thessaly
- Cucuteni culture (4800 to 3200 BC) in Romania , Moldova , Ukraine : Pre-Cucuteni I-III (4800 to 4500 BC) or Tripolje A.
- Karanowo Cultures in Southern Bulgaria - Karanowo V, Early Copper Age (4950 to 4500 BC)
- Gumelniţa culture (4700 to 3700 BC) in Romania and Moldova - phase Gumelniţa A1 (4700 to 4350 BC)
- Central Europe :
- Band ceramic culture (5600 to 4100 BC) in France , Belgium , Germany , Austria , the Czech Republic , Poland , Slovakia , Hungary , Romania and Ukraine
- Tisza culture (5120 to 4490 BC) in Hungary
- Ertebølle culture (5100 to 4100 BC) in Denmark and Northern Germany
- Swifterbant culture (5000 to 3400 BC) in the Netherlands , Belgium, and Lower Saxony (in the Netherlands it dates from 5700 to 4100 BC)
- The Stroked Pottery (4900-4500 v. Chr.) In Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria will disappear towards the end of the century
- Lengyel culture (4900 to 3950 BC) in Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic. First objects made of copper
- Western Europe :
- Southern Europe :
- North and Central America :
- South America :
- Pearson, G. W. u. a.: High-Precision 14C measurement of Irish oaks to show the natural 14C variations from AD 1840 to 5210 BC. In: Radiocarbon. 28 No. 2B, 1986, S. 911–934.
- Stuiver, M. u. a.: INTCAL98 Radiocarbon age correlation, 24,000-0 cal BP. In: Radiocarbon. 40, No. 3, 1998, S. 1041–1083.
- Olmos, O. und Sanhueza, J .: The preceramic on the southern coast of Iquique . In: Chungará Magazine . Band 13 . University of Tarapacá, Arica - Chile 1984, S. 143–154.