48th century BC Chr. - 48. Jahrhundert v. Chr.
The 48th century BC Chr. Began on January 1 v 4800th And ended on December 31, 4701 BC. Chr.
- January 1, 4713 v. Chr. : 12:00 Universal Time (JD = 0)
Developments, inventions and discoveries
- Middle Atlantic (AT2 - 5050 to 4550 BC).
- Middle Neolithic (5000 to 4500 BC) in Central Europe .
- The climax in the construction of the circular moat systems in Central Europe (around 100 systems in the period 4900 to 4700 BC).
- 4760 v. Chr.:
Cultures in North Africa
Cultures in Mesopotamia and the Middle East
- Halaf culture (5500 to 5000 BC, also 5200 to 4500 BC) - late stage
- Obed period (5500 to 3500 BC) - Obed II.
- Tappe Sialk (6000 to 2500 BC) in Iran - Sialk III
- Amuq (6000 to 2900 BC) in Turkey - Amuq D
- Mersin (5400 bis 2900 v. Chr.) In Anatolien - Mersin 19-17
- Eridu (from 5300 to approx. 1950 BC) in Mesopotamia - Eridu 19-15, temple construction phases XV-XII
- Byblos in Lebanon - late Neolithic (5300 to 4500 BC)
- Tappa Gaura (5000 to 1500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Tappa Gaura 19-18
- Nineveh (from 6500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Nineveh 3
- Susiana (5500 bis 4400 v. Chr.) In Iran - Susiana B
- Haggi Mohammed (5000 to 4500 BC) in Turkey
- Can Hasan (4900 to 4500 BC) in Turkey
- Khazineh (around 4800 BC) in Iran
Cultures in East Asia
- Laoguantai culture (6000 to 3000 BC), upper Yellow River
- Chengbeixi Culture (5800 to 4700 BC) in Hubei
- Dadiwan Culture (5800-3000 BC), Upper Yellow River
- Beixin culture (5400 to 4400 BC)
- Qingliangang Culture (5400 to 4400 BC)
- Hemudu culture (5200 to 4500 BC, later dating 5000 to 3300 BC), Zhejiang
- Baiyangcun culture (5000 to 3700 BC, is also dated to more recent: 3000 to 1700 BC), Yunnan
- Yangshao culture (5000 to 2000 BC), central and northern China
- Onset of the Caiyuan culture (4800 to 3900 BC) in northwest China ( Ningxia ) as well as the
- Majiabang culture (4750 to 3700 BC) in lower Yangtsekiang
- Beginning of the Hongshan culture (4700 to 2900 BC) in northeast China at the end of the 48th century BC Chr.
- Early Jeulmun period (6000 to 3500 BC).
- Jōmon time (10000 to 300 BC) - Early Jōmon time - Jōmon II (8000 to 4000 BC).
Cultures in Europe
- Northeast Europe :
- Eastern Europe :
- Southeast Europe :
- Sesklo culture (6850 to 4400 BC) in northern Greece
- The Dimini culture (4800 to 4000 BC) in Thessaly begins
- Beginning of the Cucuteni culture (4800 to 3200 BC) in Romania , Moldova and the Ukraine : Pre-Cucuteni I-III (4800 to 4500 BC) and Tripolje A.
- The Gumelniţa culture (4700 to 3700 BC) established itself in Romania and Moldova: Phase Gumelniţa A1 (4700 to 4350 BC) at the end of the century
- Karanowo Cultures in Southern Bulgaria - Karanowo V, Early Copper Age (4950 to 4500 BC)
- Vinča culture (5400 to 4500 BC) (or Danube civilization) in Serbia , western Romania, southern Hungary and eastern Bosnia
- Central Europe :
- Band ceramic culture (5600 to 4100 BC) in France , Belgium , Germany , Austria , the Czech Republic , Poland , Slovakia , Hungary , Romania and Ukraine
- Tisza culture (5120 to 4490 BC) in Hungary
- Ertebølle culture (5100 to 4100 BC) in Denmark and northern Germany
- Swifterbant culture (5000 to 3400 BC) in the Netherlands , Belgium, and Lower Saxony (in the Netherlands it dates from 5700 to 4100 BC)
- The menhir culture (5000 to 4800 BC) ends at the beginning of the century
- Stitched ceramics (4900 to 4500 BC) in Germany , the Czech Republic and Austria
- Southeast Bavarian Middle Neolithic (5000 to 4600 BC) in Bavaria - SOB II, Older Oberlauterbach (approx. 4800 to 4600 BC)
- The Großgartacher culture (4900 to 4700 BC) in southwest Germany disappears towards the end of the century
- Southern Europe :
- Malta - Għar-Dalam-Phase (5000 bis 4500 v. Chr.)
Cultures in America
- North and Central America :
- South America :
- Nuñez, P. und Zlatar, V .: Aragón-1, workshop and preceramic garbage dump (Preliminary report) . In: Annals of the University of Chile . Year N ° 1. Antofagasta 1975, S. 13–19.
- Nuñez, P. und Zlatar, V .: Radiometria di Aragón and its implication in the coastal preceramic of the North of Chile . In: Proceedings of the IV National Congress of Argentine Archeology . San Rafael 1976.