48th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 48.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)
|Active||April 1938-March 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 48th Division was one of the divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was deployed on the Levante front.
During 1937 there had already been a division on the Northern Front that used this numbering, the successor to the «1st Basque Division». [ n. 1 ]
On April 30, 1938, the division was recreated within the XVI Army Corps , [ 1 ] as a GERC reserve . After passing the period of instruction she was sent to the Levante front, as reinforcement to the republican units deployed there that were trying to stop the Francoist offensive against Valencia. The unit, made up of the 63rd , 201st and 202nd mixed brigades , was under the command of the May Inocencio Fernández López militias . [ 5 ] For some time she was attached to the XIX Army Corps. He would remain in the Levante area until the end of the war, without participating in relevant military operations.
Order of battle
|Date||Attached Army Corps||Integrated Mixed Brigades||Battle front|
|August 1937||XIV Army Corps||157.ª , 158.ª y 163.ª||Santander|
|April 30, 1938||XVI Army Corps||201.ª , 202.ª y 203.ª||General reserve|
|June 1938||XIX Army Corps||63.ª , 201.ª y 202.ª||Levante|
|August 1938||XVI Army Corps||63.ª, 201.ª y 202.ª||Levante|
- The division was originally commanded by Colonel Arturo Llarch Castresana , having Amilibia Machimbarrena as political commissar and the infantry commander José Barreiro Rodríguez as Chief of Staff. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Following the command of the unit it would be assumed by the Carabinieri commander Ricardo Gómez García [ 3 ] and the largest militia Joseph Putz . When the Battle of Santander began , some units of the 48th Division withdrew their positions without fighting, leaving other units of the Republican Army abandoned.[ 4 ] The battalions that obeyed thePNV'sslogansheaded for Santoña, in accordance with the stipulations of the so-called "Pact of Santoña."
- Aguirre , JM (1981). General history of the civil war in Euskadi. The Basque army (I) . L. Haranburu.
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1972). The end of the northern front . Madrid: Ed. San Martín.
- —— (1977). The offensive on Valencia . Madrid: San Martín. 84-7140-142-8 .
- -- (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.