49th century BC Chr. - 49. Jahrhundert v. Chr.
The 49th century BC Chr. Began on January 1 v 4900th And ended on December 31, 4801 BC. This corresponds to the period from 6850 to 6751 before today .
- Middle Atlantic (AT2 - 5050 to 4550 BC). Warm climatic area with elevated sea level .
- The Neolithic subpluvial (7500 to 3500 BC) brings a humid climate to North Africa and makes the Sahara green.
- Middle Neolithic (5000 to 4500 BC) in Central Europe .
- 4900 v. Chr.:
- Around 4895 BC Chr .:
- 4850 v. Chr.:
Cultures in North Africa
Cultures in Mesopotamia and the Middle East
- Halaf culture (5500 to 5000 BC, also 5200 to 4500 BC) - late stage
- The Samarra culture (5500 to 4800 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - late phase (5000 to 4800 BC) - disappears at the end of the century
- Obed period (5500 to 3500 BC) - Obed II
- The settlement site of Hacılar Höyük in Turkey (7030 to 4800 BC) - layer I - is coming to an end
- Tappe Sialk (6000 to 2500 BC) in Iran - Sialk III
- Amuq (6000 to 2900 BC) in Turkey - Amuq C
- Mersin (5400 bis 2900 v. Chr.) In Anatolien - Mersin 22-20
- Eridu (from 5300 to approx. 1950 BC) in Mesopotamia - Eridu 19-15, temple construction phases XV-XII
- Byblos in Lebanon - late Neolithic (5300 to 4500 BC)
- Tappa Gaura (5000 to 1500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Tappa Gaura 20
- Nineveh (from 6500 BC) in northern Mesopotamia - Nineveh 3
- Susiana (5500 bis 4400 v. Chr.) In Iran
- The settlement of Tepe Sabz (5200 to 4800 BC) in Iran is coming to an end
- Haggi Mohammed (5000 to 4500 BC) in Turkey
- Can Hasan (4900 to 4500 BC) in Turkey
Cultures in South Asia
- Mehrgarh (7000 to 2600/2000 BC) in Balochistan - Mehrgarh II (5500 to 4800 BC)
- Namazgadepe (5300 bis 1700 v. Chr.) In Turkmenistan - Namazgadepe II (bis 4300 v. Chr.)
Cultures in East Asia
- Laoguantai culture (6000 to 3000 BC), upper Yellow River
- Chengbeixi Culture (5800 to 4700 BC) in Hubei
- Dadiwan Culture (5800-3000 BC), Upper Yellow River
- The Xinle culture (5500-4800 BC) in Liaoning disappears at the end of the century
- Beixin culture (5400 to 4400 BC)
- Qingliangang Culture (5400 to 4400 BC)
- Hemudu culture (5200 to 4500 BC, later dating 5000 to 3300 BC), Zhejiang
- Tangjiagang culture (5050 to 4450 BC) in central Yangtsekiang
- Baiyangcun culture (5000 to 3700 BC, is also dated to more recent: 3000 to 1700 BC), Yunnan
- Yangshao culture (5000 to 2000 BC), central and northern China
- Early Jeulmun period (6000 to 3500 BC).
- Jémon Age (10000 to 300 BC) - Early Jōmon Time - Jōmon II (8000 to 4000 BC)
Cultures in Europe
- Northeast Europe :
- Eastern Europe :
- Southeast Europe :
- Sesklo culture (6850 to 4400 BC) in northern Greece .
- Karanowo cultures (6200 to 4000 BC) in southern Bulgaria - Karanowo V, early Copper Age (4950 to 4500 BC).
- Danilo Hvar culture (5500 to 4000 BC) in Croatia .
- Vinča culture (5400 to 4500 BC) (or Danube civilization) in Serbia , western Romania, southern Hungary and eastern Bosnia .
- Central Europe :
- Band ceramic culture (5600 to 4100 BC) in France , Belgium , Germany , Austria , the Czech Republic , Poland , Slovakia , Hungary , Romania and Ukraine .
- Tisza culture (5120 to 4490 BC) in Hungary.
- Ertebølle culture (5100 to 4100 BC) in Denmark and northern Germany .
- Swifterbant culture (5000 to 3400 BC) in the Netherlands , Belgium, and Lower Saxony (in the Netherlands, it dates from 5700 to 4100 BC).
- The menhir culture (5000 to 4800 BC) in southwest Germany expires towards the end of the century.
- Beginning of the Lengyel culture (4900 to 3950 BC) in Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic.
- The stitch band ceramics (4900 to 4500 BC) appear in Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria.
- Southeast Bavarian Middle Neolithic (5000 to 4600 BC) in Bavaria - SOB I (approx. 5000 to 4800 BC).
- Beginning of the Großgartacher culture (4900 to 4700 BC) in southwest Germany.
- Southern Europe :
Cultures in America
- North and Central America :
- South America :
- François Bertemes , Peter F. Biehl, Andreas Northe, Olaf Schröder: The neolithic circular moat of Goseck, district of Weißenfels . In: Archeology in Saxony-Anhalt . NF Vol. 2, 2004, pp. 137–145.
- Zdanowicz, C. M., Zielinski, G. A. und Germani, M. S.: Mount Mazama eruption; calendrical age verified and atmospheric impact assessed. In: Geology. Band 27 (7), 1999, S. 621–624.