4th piano concerto (Mozart) - 4. Klavierkonzert (Mozart)

The 4th piano concerto in G major, KV 41 is an early piano concerto by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . According to a different count, in which only the pure and completely Mozart piano concertos are counted, this concert is not listed.

Emergence

Like the three previous concerts, Mozart's 4th piano concerto belongs to the so-called pasticcio concerts . The name pasticcio refers to works whose music actually comes from other composers. Here Mozart arranged the music of various lesser-known composers for orchestra and solo piano. The 4th Piano Concerto KV 41 is based on sonata movements by the composers Leontzi Honauer (* around 1735–?) And Hermann Friedrich Raupach . The work was probably written in 1767, i.e. when the composer was born in 1756. This explains the extremely simple implementation of the implementation for solo piano and orchestra and the practice piece character of the work.

To the music

The sonata movements on which the piano concerto is based are of an early classical nature. The opening Allegro begins with a tuttia chord of the strings, from which a hilarious and lively main theme develops. A second thought should be understood more as a follow-up than as an independent topic. The solo piano then takes over the main theme with a simple sentence. The following brief implementation introduces new material and is therefore to be classified as a fantasy implementation . A solo cadenza , which briefly turns to a minor key, leads to the short closing ritornello of the movement.

The Andante begins with a plaintive theme of the strings and flute. The solo piano takes over the idea and develops it further. The middle section of the three-part movement follows, in which new material appears, now presented by the piano. However, this quickly leads to the repetition of the first part.

The final Molto allegro is a small rondo . The chorus theme consists essentially of a unison motif of the strings. The solo piano takes on this rather orchestral idea almost literally, before the part is repeated, slightly changed. The couplet brings a tone repetition motif of the solo piano and leads to a solo cadence , which is derived from this motif. The repetition of the refrain ends the short sentence.

Status

Before Mozart wrote his first own and fully valid piano concerto with the 5th piano concerto KV 175 in 1773 , a total of seven practice works and pasticci concerts were written. The first four piano concertos ( KV 37 , KV 39 , KV 40 and KV 41) were written before 1764 based on simple sonata movements by little-known composers. Three further concertos, KV 107, then had somewhat more demanding sonatas by Johann Christian Bachto the role model. In contrast to the earliest pasticci concerts, these three works were not included in the count of the old Mozart edition, which differentiates 27 piano concertos. It was only around six years after composing these early works that Mozart conceived his first piano concerto. Here Mozart then reaches the first valid form of the modern piano concerto, which is not yet available in the 4th piano concerto. In this piano concerto Mozart uses woodwinds in the instrumentation for the first time, which only become obligatory from the 15th piano concerto .

literature

  • Harenberg Concert Leader. Harenberg Kommunikation, Dortmund 1998, ISBN 3-611-00535-5 .
  • Marius Flothuis: Mozart's Piano Concertos. CH Beck Wissen, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-406-41874-0 .

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