4th regiment of hunters - 4e régiment de chasseurs
Regiment Nancre dragon
Internal association badge
|Armed forces||French armed forces|
|Armed forces||French Army|
|Branch of service||Mountain troop|
|Insinuation||27 th Mountain Infantry Brigade|
|Location||Guillaume General Quarter, 05014 Gap, France|
|Motto||Always ready, always willing|
Croix de guerre 1914–1918 with three palm branches and a silver star |
Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with a palm branch
|commander||Colonel de Thieulloy (since 2017)|
Camp Master Claude Antoine de Dreux
The former Régiment de Nancré dragons - currently 4 e régiment de chasseurs (4 e RC - 4th Jägerregiment) - is a French regiment that was set up in 1675 as a dragoon regiment. Today it is an association of light cavalry. The regiment is on active service and is the armored regiment of the 27 e brigade d'infanterie de montagne (27th Mountain Infantry Brigade) in Varces . The members of the regiment wear the beret of the mountain troops.
The forerunners of the regiment were:
- the "Regiment of Nancré dragons", established in 1675 by Claude Antoine de Dreux
- das “Regiment of foreign volunteers of Clermont-Prince”, aufgestellt 1758 durch Louis de Bourbon-Condé , count of Clermont
- 1779: conversion of two regiments in the "4 A Regiment de Chasseurs à cheval" [A 1]
- 1788: Umbenennung in „Régiment des chasseurs à cheval de Franche-Comté“
- 1791: Umbenennung in "4 and mountain chasseurs à cheval" unter dem Kommando von Colonel Maumigny de Verneuil
- 1814: Umbenennung in „Regiment of the chasseurs à cheval de Monsieur“
- 1815: Wiederaufstellung als „4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval“
- 1815: dissolution
- 1816: Position as "Chasseurs à cheval d'Ariège"
- 1825: Umbenennung in "4 and mountain chasseurs à cheval"
- 1831: Resolution and Wiederaufstellung as "4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval"
- 1921: dissolution
- 1939/1940: Wiederaufstellung as "4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval" and renaming the 2nd February in "4 a regiment's automitrailleuses" (4 Panzerwagenregiment).
- 1940: dissolution
- 1954: On July 1, 1954, the unit was re-established as the "4 e régiment de chasseurs". It received the status of a reconnaissance regiment and was assigned to the "14 e division d'infanterie" (14th infantry division). This was intended for use in Indochina .
- 1848–1850: Libourne
- 1882: Bruyères
- 1887: Saint Germain en Laye
- 1894–1921: Marseille ?, Épinal
- 10. – 30. Juli 1940: Vic-le-Comte
- 1st - 19th July 1954: Reutlingen
- May 1954–1955: in Tunisia in the Bou Ficha region, then in the Kaïrouan region
- May 1955 – January 1960: Algeria (Staff in Chelghoum Laïd, Squadrons in Aïn M'lila and Oued-Athménia)
- January 1960 – July 1962: Algeria (Lamy region, then Kouif)
- July – October 1962: Algeria (Tebessa region, then Morsott)
- October 1962 – February 1963: Algeria (La Calle region, staff in Combes)
- 10. February 1963–30. Juni 1983: Béligneux ( Valbonne , 27 e AD)
- 1. Juli 1983: Gap (Hautes-Alpes)
Masters / Colonels / Brigade Chiefs
Mestre de camp was the rank designation for the regimental owner and / or the actual commander. Should the mestre de camp be a person of the high nobility who had no interest in leading the regiment (e.g. the king or queen), the command was given to the mestre de camp lieutenant (or Mestre de camp en second). The name "Colonel" was used from 1791 to 1793 and from 1803, from 1793 to 1803 the name Chef de brigade was used . From 1791 there were no more regimental owners.
- to the Nancré-dragons
- 1676: Field master of Bursard
- 1681: Mestre de camp of Philibert-Emmanuel de Froulay de Tessé
- 1692: Field master of Sennectère
- 1705: Field master of Belabre
- 1727: Field teacher of Plebe
- 1729: Nicolaï's field master
- 1744: Field master of Bartillat
- 1748: Field master of Apchon
- als Volunteers of Clermont-Prince
- 1761: Field teacher of Nicholas
- 1763: Field master of Lanan
- 1782: Mestre de camp Étienne Narcisse de Durfort
Revolution and First Empire
- 1791: Colonel de Verneuil, Paul Maumigny
- 1791: Colonel de Jobal, Joseph François
- 1792: Colonel de Cadignan, Jean Baptiste Dupleix
- 1792: Colonel de Rossi, Hyacinthe Étienne Antoine Alexandre
- 1793: Bregeot brigade leader , Claude Hyacinthe
- 1794: Scalfort brigade leader, Nicolas Joseph
- 1802: Head of brigade (1803 Colonel) Bruguière, Claude Denis Noël
- 1806: Colonel Lambert, Urbain François
- 1807: Colonel Lapointe, Charles Louis Narcisse
- 1809: Colonel Boulnois, Louis Jacques François
- 1813: Colonel de Villeneuve de Vence, Clément Louis Helion
- 1815: Colonel Desmichels, Louis Alexis
- 1815: Colonel Clary, François Joseph Marie
- Three officers of the regiment achieved the rank of "Général de Brigade"
- Scalfort, Nicolas Joseph
- Lambert, Urbain François
- Boulnois, Louis Jacques François
- Regimental commanders killed or injured in fighting
- Colonel Bruguière: fallen on 28 October 1806
- Colonel Boulnois: Wounded August 14th and 19th, 1812
- Colonel de Vence: Wounded October 18 and 20, 1813
- Number of officers killed or wounded between 1805 and 1815
- fallen: 21
- died of the wound: 1
- wounded: 48
4 e regiment chasseurs
- 1907: Colonel Labry de Monpoly
- 1914: Colonel Arthuis
4th auto- machine gun regiment
- 1939: Lieutenant-colonel Grevy
4 th regiment of hunters
- 1957: Colonel Alain de Boissieu
- 1958: Colonel de Saint Germain
- 1960: Colonel Mirabeau
- 1961: Colonel Raiffaud
- 1966: Lieutenant-colonel Tilly
- 1971: Colonel Provensal
- 1973: Colonel Basteau
- 1975: Colonel Codet
- 1977: Colonel Iliou
- 1979: Colonel Lajouanie
- 1981: Colonel Barreau
- 1983: Colonel Dubost
- 1985: Colonel Peltier
- 1987: Colonel Pernet
- 1989: Colonel Fleuriot
- 1991: Colonel Dupety
- 1993: Colonel Langlois
- 1995: Colonel Epitalon
- 1997: Colonel Chefson
- 1999: Colonel de Langlois
- 2001: Colonel Barrau
- 2003: Colonel Lockhart
- 2005: Colonel Kolodziej
- 2007: Colonel Lemaire
- 2009: Colonel de Brebisson
- 2011: Colonel de Courrèges
- 2013–2015: Colonel Armel Dirou
- 2015–2017: Colonel Jean-Jacques Fatinet
- 2017–2019: Colonel Pierre de Thieulloy
- 1684: Siege of Luxembourg
- 1688–1697: War of the Palatinate Succession
- 1701–1710: War of the Spanish Succession
- 1733–1735: War of the Polish Succession
- 1740–1748: War of the Austrian Succession
- 1756–1763: Seven Years War
Revolution / First Empire
- 1792 : bei der Army of the South
- 1793 : Second battle near Weißenburg . When Fort Vauban surrendered in Alès , almost the entire regiment was captured by the Austrian troops.
- 1796 : A prisoner exchange enables the regiment to be re-established, which was assigned to the "Armée de Rhin-et-Moselle" and took part in the battle of Biberach .
- 1796–1797: Assignment to the Armée d'Italie (Italian Army) with participation in the Italian campaign (1796–1797)
- 1797–1798 : Used to put down the Vendée uprising
- 1799: with the "Armée du Nord" (also called "Batavian Army")
- 1800: Italian campaign under the command of Chef de brigade Jean-Auguste Carrié de Boissy
- 1803: Relocation to Martinique
- 1805 : at the "Armée d'Italie": Battle of Caldiero
- 1806–1807: Campaign against Prussia and Poland
- 1812: Campaign to Russia : Battle of Borodino , Battle of the Beresina
- 1813: Campaign in Germany: Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
- 1814: Campaign in France
- 1815: Campaign to Belgium: Battle of Ligny , Battle of Waterloo
After the final fall of Napoleon I , the regiment was disbanded and the riders were assigned to the "21 e bataillon de chasseurs à pied" (21st battalion hunters on foot).
- 1823: French invasion of Spain
- 1840: Campaign of conquest in Algeria
- 1854–1859: Campaign of conquest in Algeria
- 1859: Sardinian War
- 1864–1868: Campaign of conquest in Algeria
First World War
- When the war broke out, the regiment was in Épinal , it belonged to the "2 e brigade de cavalerie légère" (2nd light cavalry brigade). This was part of the "21 e corps d'armée" (21st Army Corps) in the "1 re Armée" (1st Army).
- For the years 1916/17 there is no reliable information about combat operations.
- 7-30 August: Occupation of the Col de Bonhomme , Sainte Marie and Saales
- August 25–4 September: Fights at the Col de la Chipotte , at Hans, Urbeis and Donon
- 6th - 13th September: First Battle of the Marne
- Fight in the Artois
- Fight on the Aisne
In 1921 the regiment was disbanded.
Second World War
- Campaign in France:
On February 3, 1940, the "4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval" was renamed "4 e régiment d'automitrailleuses" (4 e RAM). Under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Grevy, the regiment became a reconnaissance unit for the "4 e division légère de cavalerie" (4th light cavalry division) and belonged to the "14 e brigade légère motorisée" (14th light motorized brigade). It fought in Champagne , Burgundy and south of the Loire . Upon conclusion of the armisticethe regiment had only been in real action for two months, but had lost 795 men (including 29 officers). On July 10, 1940, the "4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval" within the Vichy Army was reorganized again, but dissolved again at the end of the month.
On July 1, 1954, the former "4 e régiment de chasseurs à cheval" was reorganized as the "4 e régiment de chasseurs". It is again a reconnaissance regiment and was assigned to the "14 e division d'infanterie". This was originally intended to be used in Indochina , but was then moved to Tunis . Between 1954 and 1955 the regiment in Tunisia was mainly concerned with maintaining the military infrastructure. On October 14, 1962, the largest armored unit of the French army in Algeria left the country and returned to France.
In February 1963, the regiment moved into its garrison in “La Valbonne dans l'Ain” in the “Quartier Maréchal des Logis de Langlade” barracks. In 1983 it was moved to Gap in the "Quartier Général Guillaume" barracks, which at that time was one of the most modern barracks in Europe.
The regiment has:
- ? AMX-10 RCR
- 36 ERC-90 Sagaie [A 2]
- 20 Front armored vehicles (VAB)
- 72 Light Armored Vehicles (LAV)
- 2 BV 206 D/S
- 8 snowmobiles
- 6 Aérospatiales SA 341/342
- as well as several unarmored transport vehicles (Renault GBC 180, Renault TRM 2000 , Peugeot P4 )
- and repair and recovery vehicles (GBC180 Lot7, TRM10000 CLD)
The unit is a light tank regiment and subordinated to the "27 e brigade d'infanterie de montagne - 27 e BIM" (27th mountain brigade). It has the tasks:
- to carry out violent reconnaissance quickly and precisely
- secure operational spaces
- 3 armored squadrons
- 1 reconnaissance and anti-tank squadron
- 1 staff and supply cadron
- 1 Reserveescadron
All protected vehicles in the regiment are wheeled vehicles. Armored tracked vehicles are not used.
From 1965 to 1983, the 13th e régiment de chasseurs à cheval cadre was subordinated to the regiment .
4 e regiment hunters
Neighborhood General William
05014 Gap CEDEX
Tel. 04 92 67 52 99
Inscriptions on the standard
The ribbon of the standard is decorated with the Croix de guerre from 1914–1918 with three palm branches and a silver star, the Croix de guerre from 1939–1945 with a palm branch and the gold medal of the city of Milan.
The regiment's motto is:
(Always ready - and always voluntary)
Known members of the regiment
- Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey, Marshal of France , im Jahr 1887 Chief of 1. Squadron
- Captain Xavier de Cacqueray-Valménier, fallen at the head of the 3rd Squadron on 28 September 1958 in Oued-Athménia
- Ismael de Lesseps, son of Ferdinand de Lesseps , brigadier in the 1st Squadron
- Roland Jehan, Jean-Philippe Lecce: Encyclopedia of insignia of the Armored Cavalry Arm. Band II: Hunters on horseback. Cheminements Éditions, 2008, ISBN 978-2-84478-708-8 .
- Pascal Adrien: History of the army and of all the regiments, since the early days of the French monarchy. A. Barbier, 1850.
- Hunters on horseback. Two centuries of history. 1st epoch, last comers in the Cavalry of the monarchy ( Memento vom 3. May 2012 im Internet Archive ). In: History of hunters
- Hubert Lyautey (1854–1934) ( Memento vom 14. May 2012 im Internet Archive ). In: Paths of memory. Hrsg .: Ministry of Defense and Veterans
- 4th regiment of hunters. In: Army. Hrsg .: Ministry of the Armed Forces
- The hunters on horseback only had one number at this point.
- have been replaced by AMX-10 RCR since 2010
- The regulation No. 12350 / SGA / DPMA / SHD / DAT of September 14, 2007 regulates the inscriptions on the standards of the troops of the army, the medical service and the fuel supply service (Service des essences des armées). The basis is the Bulletin officiel des armées , No. 27, November 9, 2007.
- Order AFN 1952–1962 on the assignment of the inscriptions on the flags and standards of the formations of the army and the services of November 19, 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A by Michèle Alliot-Marie.