4th regiment of light horse lancers - 4e régiment de chevau-légers lanciers

4 th regiment of light horse lancers

4th reg of chavau-light lancers.png

Captain of the 4. Regiments in Paradeuniform
active July 18, 1811 to 1815
State Flag of France.svg France
Armed forces Flag of France.svg Great Army
Armed forces Flag of France.svg cavalry
Branch of service Light cavalry
Strength 4 Squadrons

The 4 e régiment de chevau-légers lanciers , in short: 4 e régiment de chevau-légers or 4 e régiment de lanciers (German: 4th Light Lancer Regiment ), was set up in the First Empire in 1811 as a regiment of light cavalry . It was dissolved after the rule of the Hundred Days .

Lineup and significant changes

  • July 18, 1811 : On this date, by imperial decree, nine Chevau-léger regiments were set up . For the first six dragoon regiments were converted, the 7th and 8th emerged from the two Uhlan regiments of the Légion de la Vistule , and the 9th was formed from the 30 e chasseurs à cheval (30th regiment of hunters on horseback). The “4 e régiment de chevau-légers lanciers” emerged from the 9 e régiment de dragons .
  • May 12, 1814 : With the first abdication of Napoleon and the return of the king, the unit was named Régiment de lanciers du Roi (n ° 1) . Parts of the 9 e régiment de chevau-légers were incorporated.
  • March 1, 1815 : During the reign of the Hundred Days , it was renamed to 4 he régiment de chevau-légers lanciers .
  • July 16, 1815 : After the end of the German Empire, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

Different badge colors were used to differentiate between the individual regiments. The 4th regiment had crimson as its badge color.

The Chevau-légers wore the Dragoons' helmet "à la Minerve", but instead of a black horse tail with a black (trumpeter-white) wool caterpillar on the crest. The helmet bowl and crest were made of copper, the peak of black leather and edged with a copper rail. It was equipped with a copper scale chain. A brown ribbon (leopard skin for officers) was placed around the helmet bell. On the left side of the helmet, officers carried a feather trumpet, white on top and red on the bottom.

A dark green vest skirt with pocket flaps "à la Soubise" was worn. The skirt was equipped with a plastron in the color of the badge, the cuffs on the sleeves, the edge of the epaulettes and the pocket flaps were also in this color. The lap covers also showed the color of the weapon, on top of which a green Napoleonic eagle was placed. The elite companies wore red epaulettes .

As trousers for normal duty and for the parade, green boot trousers were worn in a Hungarian cut, which were decorated with gold-colored lampasses over the side seams . For the field uniform, a pair of leather-trimmed overtrousers that were buttoned on the side and reached over the boots to the foot. The row of buttonholes was on a lampasse in the badge color. On the front of the thighs was a gold-colored decoration that vaguely resembled a Vitéz Kötés of the hussars .

The shape and cut of the black leather boots matched those of the hussars. They were decorated with a border around the upper edge and a tassel (both were dropped in 1812). The waist belt was made of white leather with a brass buckle with a copper eagle on top.

A white leather bandolier with a black cartridge was carried over the left shoulder . Above it was a leather strap, also white, with a hook on which the carabiner was hung. 18 cartridges could be stored in the cartridge. On the lid of the cartridge there was a crowned "N" made of brass, the elite company carried a grenade instead.

A white sheepskin (black for trumpeters) was placed over the saddle and was lined with a zigzag border with a border in the color of the badge. The coat bag behind the saddle was decorated with a border, the color of this border being specified differently depending on the source - white or in the color of the badge, with or without a regimental number. Instead of sheepskin, officers used a green woolen blanket with a silver border. The ceiling was edged with a gold-colored advance.

The buttons were embossed with the regimental number.

Officers

Officer's uniforms stood out due to their rich braid ornamentation. The bandolier, harness, saddlecloth and coat bag were decorated with gold braids. The ornamentation of the trousers was also significantly richer.

For the small service there was:

  • City uniform (tenue de ville) with:

the regular skirt with plastron, white knee breeches , white or black stockings, black buckled shoes and a black bicorn .

  • Uniform Board (tenue de société) with:

the regular skirt without a plastron, white knee breeches, white stockings, black buckled shoes and a black bicorn.

trumpeter

The regiment's trumpeters wore dark green skirts without a plastron. Gold-colored strands were attached across the chest and on the sleeves, which in this form strongly reminded of the musicians of the former royal army. The caterpillar on the crest of the helmet was made of black wool.

Armament

The Chevau-légers were armed with the 2.76 meter long and 1.96 kilogram lance , the light cavalry saber , a carbine and a pistol . (So ​​overloaded with a bulky load, it was important to the riders to "lose" the lance or carabiner as soon as possible in order to create more freedom of movement. [1] )

Regimentskommandanten

  • 1811 to 1813: Colonel Paul Ferdinand Stanislas Dermoncourt
  • 1813 bis 1814: Colonel Jean-Baptiste Jacquinot
  • 17. April 1815: Colonel Louis Bro

Officer losses from 1811 to 1815

  • Liked: 6
  • Died from her wounds: 4
  • Wounded: 26

Mission history

The one he régiment de chevau-légers lanciers moved in 1812 with the invasion of Russia , where it was part of the Observation Corps on the Elbe and the 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps. Here it was used as a reconnaissance regiment of the 1st cuirassier division of Général Saint-Germain [2] . The 1st Escadron fought in the Battle of Smolensk and in the Battle of Borodino , in which the chief d'escadronsDumanoir led the attack because the regiment commander, Colonel Dermoncourt, did not arrive at the regiment in Moscow until a few days later. Filled up with conscripts and the personnel remaining in the depot, the regiment was used with the 1st Cavalry Corps in the campaign in Germany. It fought in the Battle of Dresden , in the Battle of Nations near Leipzig and in the Battle of Hanau .

In the campaign in France, the regiment distinguished itself with the 1st Cavalry Corps in the battle of Vauchamps , in the battle of Reims and in the battle of Paris .

After his return from the island of Elba on March 1, 1815, Napoleon's army was reorganized. By decree of April 20, 1815, the previous cavalry regiments were given back their numbering, which they had lost during the first restoration . The unit was therefore again called 1 er régiment de chevau-légers lanciers and was involved in the campaign in Belgium during the reign of the Hundred Days , in which it took part in the Battle of Ligny and the Battle of Waterloo .

On July 18, 1815, the entire Napoleonic Army was dismissed as part of the final abdication of Napoleon and the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy. The regiment was then not set up again and the remaining staff was incorporated into the "1 er régiment de chasseurs à cheval de l'Allier".

Standards

The regiment was equipped with three different standards: the model from 1804, from 1812 and from 1815. The unit continued the Aigle de drapeau des "9 e régiment des dragons", and the honorable mentions that the previous regiment had earned listed as inscriptions on the back of the standard (model from 1812 and from 1815).

literature

  • Adrien Pascal: History of the army and of all the regiments. 4. Band.
  • François Joseph Michel Noël , LJM Carpentier: New dictionary of origins, inventions and discoveries. 4. Band.
  • Jean-Baptiste Duvergier: Laws, decrees, ordinances, regulations, opinions of the Council of State. 19. Band.
  • Pierre-François Tissot: The splendours of glory or: The brave men recommended to posterity.
  • Liliane und Fred Funcken: The Uniform and the Arms of the soldiers of the war in lace. Casterman, Tournai 1989, ISBN 3-572-07442-8 .

Individual evidence

  1. Liliane and Fred Funcken, pp. 210–212
  2. Olivier Lapray: The French light horses in Russia. In: Traditions. Nr. 3, August 2015, S. 52–70