53rd Division (Franco's Army) - 53.ª División (Ejército franquista)

53rd Division
Active 1937-1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Uprising side
Rama/s Franco's Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
High command

Notable commanders
José Moscardó
Álvaro Sueiro
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 53rd Division was a unit of the Francoist Army that played an important role in the Spanish Civil War .

Record

The division was created in May 1937, from the old "Soria" division . [ 1 ] [ n. 1 ] It was under the command of General José Moscardó , [ 3 ] who would later be replaced by General Álvaro Sueiro . [ 4 ]

At the end of 1937 the unit was assigned to the Aragon Army Corps , [ 5 ] being deployed on the Aragon front during the following months. In the spring of 1938, the 53rd Division actively participated in the Aragon campaign , breaking the front in the Huesca sector. [ 6 ] It continued advancing until it reached the line of the Segre River, where it halted its advance. [ n. 2 ]

On October 3, the division was transferred from its positions from the Lleida front, and sent as reinforcement to the Ebro front . [ 8 ] Attached to the Army Corps of the Maestrazgo , [ 9 ] she took part in the last Francoist counteroffensive in the Ebro. At the end of the year she was again deployed in the Segre front, [ 10 ] participating in the offensive of Catalonia . [ 11 ]

The division was dissolved after the end of the contest.

Notes

  1. Although Carlos Engel points out that it was created in November 1937, within the newly created Aragon Army Corps . [ 2 ]
  2. At this time the division covered the Almudévar sector , in front of Huesca. [ 7 ]

References

Bibliography

  • Alpert , Michael (1977). The Republican Army in the Civil War . Iberian.
  • Engel , Carlos (2000). History of the divisions of the national army . Almena Editions.
  • Maldonado , José M.ª (2007). The front of Aragon. The Civil War in Aragon (1936-1938) . Look Editors. ISBN 978-84-8465-237-3 .
  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1978). The Battle of the Ebro . Madrid: San Martín.
  • -- (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.
  • —— (1979). The Campaign of Catalonia . Madrid: San Martín.
  • VV.AA. (1990). General history of Spain and America XVII . The second republic and the civil war . Madrid: Rialp Editions.