55th Division (Franco's Army) - 55.ª División (Ejército franquista)

55th Division
Active 1937-1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Uprising side
Rama/s Franco's Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
High command

Notable commanders
Enrique Adrados Semper
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 55th Division was a Division of the Francoist Army that fought in the Spanish Civil War . Framed in the army corps of Aragon and Galicia , the division came to take part in the battles of Aragon and Levante .

Record

The unit was created on April 20, 1937 from the «Position and Stages Brigade», being under the command of Engineer Colonel Enrique Adrados Semper . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] In the spring of 1938, framed in the Army Corps of Aragon , the unit participated in the Aragon offensive . On March 25, he broke the republican front, occupying the towns of Castejón de Monegros , Monegrillo or Lanaja . [ 1 ] It would be assigned to the «Agrupación García Valiño» - together with the 1st Division of Navarra -, [3 ] in cooperation with which he managed to conquer the towns of Fatarella , Gandesa , Corbera , Pinell or Batea . [ 4 ]

After the end of operations in Aragon, the division was sent south to participate in the Levante campaign . [ 5 ] She became part of the Galician Army Corps , [ 6 ] under the command of General Antonio Aranda . At the end of April it began its advance from Morella , along with the 84th Division , although it encountered strong resistance from Republican forces. [ 7 ] Later it would be integrated into the "Alonso Vega Group" together with the 4th Division of Navarra , [ 8 ]Entering the province of Castellón. On July 8 he managed to conquer Villavieja , [ 9 ] although his subsequent advances would be unsuccessful.

The 55th Division was disbanded after the end of the contest.

References

  1. a b Engel, 2000 , p. 106.
  2. ^ De Paz Sánchez, 2004 , p. 26.
  3. Cabrera Castillo, 2002, p. 29.
  4. Sánchez Ruano, 2004, p. 336.
  5. Engel, 2000, p. 107.
  6. Engel, 2000, pp. 107, 199.
  7. VV.AA., 1990, p. 593.
  8. VV.AA., 1990, p. 600.
  9. VV.AA., 1990, p. 606.

Bibliography

  • Cabrera Castillo , Francisco (2002). From the Ebro to Gandesa. The battle of the Ebro, July-November 1938 . Battlement.
  • de Paz Sánchez , Manuel (2004). Military Masons of Spain: Biographical Dictionary of the 20th Century . UNED Alzira-Valencia.
  • Engel , Carlos (2000). History of the divisions of the national army . Almena Editions.
  • Sánchez Ruano , Francisco (2004). Islam and the Spanish Civil War: Moors with Franco and with the Republic . The Sphere of Books.
  • VV.AA. (1990). General history of Spain and America XVII . The second republic and the civil war . Madrid: Rialp Editions.