56th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 56.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 56th Division was one of the divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was made up of units belonging to the Police Corps .
Previously a division on the northern front had already used this numbering. [ n. 1 ]
The unit was created in April 1938, initially as the «Bellvís» Division or «C» Division, until it finally adopted its definitive name. [ 2 ] It was made up of the 3rd , 56th and 179th mixed brigades - some were made up of police officers -. [ 3 ] The division was assigned to the XII Army Corps , [ 4 ] which constituted the reserve of the Ebro Army . In August, the 3rd and 179th mixed brigades participated in a failed attack on Villanueva de la Barca , on the Segre front.; later they took part in the fighting in Serós . [ 2 ] For its part, the 56th BM was deployed on the Ebro front , participating in the Republican offensive on the Serós bridgehead in November .
In December 1938, at the beginning of the Catalan campaign , the division had a poor performance and in the face of the enemy attack it withdrew from its positions, [ 5 ] being practically dispersed. [ 6 ] As a consequence of this, the division commander, Ricardo Gómez García , would have been demoted and placed in command of a smaller unit. [ 7 ] [ n. 2 ] In January 1939, in full Republican retreat, she was briefly assigned to the XV Army Corps [ 9 ] and the XXIV Army Corps .
The unit would be destroyed during the Catalonia campaign .
- Chiefs of Staff
- Carabinieri Captain Ángel Martínez Ezquerro ;
- This division, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Buzón Llanes , [ 1 ] had inherited the history of the old 7th Asturian Division. Assigned to the XVI Army Corps , it had a very short history since it would be dissolved after the Battle of Santander, during which it suffered a serious loss.
- The command of the unit would pass to the militia major Hermenegildo Roca Oliver , former commander of the 24th Division . [ 8 ]
- Cabrera Castillo , Francisco (2002). From the Ebro to Gandesa. The battle of the Ebro, July-November 1938 . Battlement.
- from Pablo , Santiago; Momoitio , Iratxe (2003). The role of correspondents in the Spanish civil war. Tribute to George Steer . Gernika-Lumoko Udala.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1979). The Campaign of Catalonia . Madrid: San Martín.
- Martínez Reverte , Jorge (2006). The fall of Catalonia . Barcelona: Criticism.
- Salas Larrazábal , Ramón (2006). History of the People's Army of the Republic . The Sphere of Books. ISBN 84-9734-465-0 .
- Talón , Vicente (1988). Memory of the Euzkadi war of 1936 III . Barcelona.
- Zaragoza , Cristóbal (1983). People's Army and Military of the Republic, 1936-1939 . Barcelona: Ed. Planeta.