56th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 56.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)

56th Division
Active 1938-1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Spanish Republic
Rama/s Red star.svg Regular People's Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 56th Division was one of the divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was made up of units belonging to the Police Corps .


Previously a division on the northern front had already used this numbering. [ n. 1 ]

The unit was created in April 1938, initially as the «Bellvís» Division or «C» Division, until it finally adopted its definitive name. [ 2 ] It was made up of the 3rd , 56th and 179th mixed brigades - some were made up of police officers -. [ 3 ] The division was assigned to the XII Army Corps , [ 4 ] which constituted the reserve of the Ebro Army . In August, the 3rd and 179th mixed brigades participated in a failed attack on Villanueva de la Barca , on the Segre front.; later they took part in the fighting in Serós . [ 2 ] For its part, the 56th BM was deployed on the Ebro front , participating in the Republican offensive on the Serós bridgehead in November .

In December 1938, at the beginning of the Catalan campaign , the division had a poor performance and in the face of the enemy attack it withdrew from its positions, [ 5 ] being practically dispersed. [ 6 ] As a consequence of this, the division commander, Ricardo Gómez García , would have been demoted and placed in command of a smaller unit. [ 7 ] [ n. 2 ] In January 1939, in full Republican retreat, she was briefly assigned to the XV Army Corps [ 9 ] and the XXIV Army Corps .

The unit would be destroyed during the Catalonia campaign .


Chiefs of Staff

See also


  1. This division, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Buzón Llanes , [ 1 ] had inherited the history of the old 7th Asturian Division. Assigned to the XVI Army Corps , it had a very short history since it would be dissolved after the Battle of Santander, during which it suffered a serious loss.
  2. ^ The command of the unit would pass to the militia major Hermenegildo Roca Oliver , former commander of the 24th Division . [ 8 ]



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  • from Pablo , Santiago; Momoitio , Iratxe (2003). The role of correspondents in the Spanish civil war. Tribute to George Steer . Gernika-Lumoko Udala.
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  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1979). The Campaign of Catalonia . Madrid: San Martín.
  • Martínez Reverte , Jorge (2006). The fall of Catalonia . Barcelona: Criticism.
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