5th Artillery Regiment (Reichswehr) - 5. Artillerie-Regiment (Reichswehr)

The 5th Artillery Regiment was a southern German regiment of the Reichswehr .

5. Artillery-Regiment

Imperial war flag of the German Empire (Weimar Republic)
active 1921 to 1934
State German Empire
Armed forces Reichswehr
Armed forces Lord
Branch of service Artillery
Type Artillery-Regiment
structure See outline
Location See garrisons
management
Commanders See list of commanders

history

Lineup

The regiment was formed on January 1, 1921 in Ulm from the Reichswehr Artillery Regiments 11, 13 and 14 of the transitional army . In the early 1920s, the departments in Ulm and Fulda exchanged their numbering.

In the course of the expansion of the Reichswehr in 1934, the new regiments Artillery Regiment Ulm , Artillery Regiment Fulda and Artillery Regiment Ludwigsburg [A 1] with five departments each were set up from the three departments of the regiment . On October 15, the Ulm Artillery Regiment was renamed Artillery Regiment 5 and placed under the 5th Infantry Division .

The garrison

  • Ulm: Staff, II. (Baden) department, 10th (supplementary) training battery
  • Fulda: I. Department
  • Ludwigsburg : III. (Württemberg) department
  • Fritzlar : 11th mounted (Prussian) battery

Commanders

No. Name Beginning of the appointment End of appointment
1. Oberst Constantin Rembe October 1, 1920 March 31, 1923
2. Colonel Albrecht Reinecke 1. April 1923 December 31, 1925
3. Colonel Hugo Grimme January 1, 1926 January 31, 1927
4. Colonel Hans Knuth February 1, 1927 January 31, 1929
5. Colonel Ludwig Beck major general
from February 1, 1931
February 1, 1929 31. August 1931
6. Colonel Otto Tscherning 1. September 1931 March 31, 1933
7. Colonel Paul Bader 1. April 1933 30. September 1934

Organisation

Association membership

The regiment was subordinate to Artillery Leader V of the 5th Division in Stuttgart .

structure

  • I. compartment with 1st to 3rd battery
  • II. (Baden) department with 4th to 6th battery
  • III. (Württemberg) department with 7th to 9th battery
  • 10. (Württembergische) (supplementary) from 1921 training battery
  • 11th mounted (Prussian) battery

Main armament

The Peace Treaty of Versailles allowed the Reichswehr only a total of 204 cannons 7.7 cm and 84 howitzers 10.5 cm [1] . Since there were different gun models from the First World War , the batteries of the artillery were equipped differently.

The regiment had

  • 20 7.5 cm field cannons (FK 16), 4 each in the 1st, 4th and 7th battery and 12 in the 11th battery,
  • 12 7.7 cm field cannons (FK 96/1), 4 each in the 3rd and 6th battery and 4 in the 10th supplementary (from 1921 training) battery,
  • 4 7.7 cm field cannons (KW guns 14 [A 2] ) in the 9th battery
  • 12 10.5 cm light field howitzers 16 , 4 each in the 2nd, 5th and 8th battery.

miscellaneous

Takeover of tradition

The regiment took over the tradition of the old regiments in 1921 : [2]

References

sources

  • Main State Archives Stuttgart, inventory M 433/2, Bü 926 ranking list of the Reichswehr Artillery Regiment 13.

literature

Individual evidence

  1. Overview No. 2 on Article 165 of the Treaty
  2. ^ Decree of the Chief of the Army Command Colonel General von Seeckt of August 24, 1921

Remarks

  1. The divisions and regiments were given aliases to camouflage the enlargement
  2. Motor vehicle gun, cannons on motorized self-propelled guns for anti-aircraft defense