5th infantry regiment - 5e régiment d’infanterie
Internal association badge (1st version)
|active||1558 to July 1, 1997|
|Armed forces||French armed forces|
|Armed forces||French Army|
|Branch of service||Infantry|
|Type||Mechanized infantry regiment|
|Insinuation||2nd Armored Division (2. Panzerdivision)|
|Location||Beynes (Yvelines) ( Île-de-France )|
|Motto||Navarre without fear|
|Awards|| Croix de guerre 1914–1918 with three palm branches |
and a gold star
Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with a palm branch
The 5 e régiment d'infanterie (5th Infantry Regiment) was one of the oldest and most respected infantry regiments in the French army . Erected during the Ancien Régime , it was one of the regiments of the highly regarded Grands Vieux . It was also the first regiment, under the command of Maréchal de France Michel Ney (who was supposed to arrest Napoléon - non-compliance with the royal order subsequently brought Ney before a firing squad) after Napoléon's return from the island of Elba on his side hit. It was disbanded in 1997.
Before regiment numbering was introduced on January 1, 1791, it was last named Régiment de Navarre in the royal French army .
List and name changes in chronological order
- 1558: Established as part of the Bandes de Guyenne , it was named Régiment de Tilladet and, as a special feature, was a Protestant regiment.
- 1569: Renamed the Régiment des Gardes du Roi de Navarre , and assigned to the Guard of Henri de Navarre .
- 1589: Renamed the Régiment de Valirault Together with the "Régiment de Picardie", the "Régiment de Piémont" and the "Régiment de Champagne" it was one of the four "old" regiments of France (Régiments de France)
- 1594: Umbenennung in Régiment de Navarre . 
- 1776: Delivery of two battalions to form the Régiment d'Armagnac .
- 1777: By order of February 16, it was assigned ranking number 3
- 1791: With the French Revolution , the regimental names were abolished. The regiment was now called: 5 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne .
- 1793 First army reform The regiment was than 1 he bataillon (ci-devant Navarre) in the 9 e demi-brigade de Bataille and 2 e bataillon (ci-devant Navarre) for 10 e demi-brigade de Bataille off. This ends the regimental association and the line of tradition.
- 1803: The "5 e demi-brigade d'infanterie de ligne"  is renamed the 5 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne . (de facto continuation of the regimental tradition)
- 1814: With the first restoration , it was renamed the 5 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne-Angoulême .
- 1815: During the reign of the Hundred Days it was given the name 5 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne .
- 1815: After Napoleon's final abdication, the regiment was initially dismissed.
- 1816: re-establishment (under which name is uncertain)
- 1820: Appears from this point on under: 5 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne
- 1854: The name is definitely changed to 5 e régiment d'infanterie .
- 1914: During mobilization, it creates its reserve regiment , the 205 e régiment d'infanterie .
- December 10, 1944: Regiment reorganized as part of the FFI
- 1997: dissolution. The companies were divided between the “16 e bataillon de chasseurs”, the “110 e régiment d'infanterie”, and the “Régiment de marche du Tchad”.
Field teachers / Colonels
Mestre de camp was from 1569 to 1661 and from 1730 to 1780 the denomination of rank for the regiment owner and / or for the officer in charge of the regiment. The name "Colonel" was used from 1721 to 1730, from 1791 to 1793 and from 1803 onwards.
After 1791 there were no more regimental owners.
Should the Mestre de camp / Colonel be a person of the high nobility who had no interest in leading the regiment (such as the king or queen), the command was given to the "Mestre de camp lieutenant" (or "Mestre de camp en second") or the "Colonel-lieutenant" or "Colonel en second".
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Revolution and Empire
- 1791: Colonel de Vouillers,
- 1792: Colonel Guénand,
- 1806: Colonel Louis-Auguste Marchand
- 1809: Colonel Jean-Ignace Roussille, Baron de Pau.
- Wounded during the First Empire:
- Colonel Roussille, wounded November 7, 1811 and June 18, 1815 ( Battle of Waterloo )
- Officers of the 5th RI wounded or killed during the First Empire:
- Fallen officers: 70
- Officers who died from their wounds: 14
- Wounded officers: 190
Restoration and Monarchy (1815 to 1848)
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Second republic and second empire
- 1848: Colonel Adolphe count of Monet
- 1853: Colonel de Chambarlhac
- 1858: Colonel Caubert
- 1864: Colonel Boyer
1871 to 1913
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First World War
- 1913: Colonel Doury (fallen September 14, 1914)
- 1914: Lieutenant-Colonel de Lardemelle (Fallen 17 September 1914)
- 1914: Lieutenant-colonel Bouteloupt (fallen September 25, 1914)
- 1917: Colonel Roustic
- 1918: Colonel Boge
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Second World War
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Uniformierungen of the Old Regime
Garrisons and combat calendars
For the sake of clarity, the chronological order was preferred.
- 1562 : Battle of Dreux
- 1570 : Battle of d'Arnay-le-Duc
Eighty Years War
- 1571–1572 : The regiment was in the Netherlands and was involved in the siege of Mons .
- 1573 : Siege of La Rochelle
- 1580 : Siege of Cahors
- 1588 : Fight at Herbiers
- 1589 : Battle of Arques
- 1590 : Battle of Ivry
- 1591 : Siege of Chartres
- 1595 : Battle of Fontaine-Française
- 1594 : Siege of Laon
- 1597 : Siege of Amiens
- 1600 : Campaign in Savoy
- 1601 : Siege and capture of Bourg-en-Bresse
- 1620 : capture of Vendôme .
- 1621 : Siege of Saint-Jean-d'Angély , Néré, Clérac, siege of Montauban , Monheurt, the Île de Ré , of Royan , siege of Saint-Antonin
- 1622 : Siege of Montpellier
- 1627 : Siege of La Rochelle
Mantuan War of Succession
- 1629 : Battle at the Pass of Suse
- 1630 : Campaign in Piémont
- 1632 : Battle at the Cabouzas bridge, then march to Carcassonne
Thirty Years War and Franco-Spanish War
- 1635 : Capture of Speyer
- 1638 : Siege of Saint-Omer
- 1639 : Siege of Thionville . On June 7th it fought in the Battle of Thionville. Defense of Armentières
- 1640 : Siege of Arras
- 1641 : Siege of Aire-sur-la-Lys
- 1643 : Siege of Fort Wathen
- 1650 : On December 15th deployed in the Battle of Rethel
War of the Fronde
- 1648 : Battle of Charenton in the ranks of Marshal Condé's army
- 1650 : Battle of Rethel
- 1651 : Siege of Chasté
- 1652 : Campaign in Piémont: Battle of La Roquette and Castella, capture of Mortare
- 1656 : Siege of Valence (Italy)
Expedition to North Africa
On July 2, 1664, the regiment, consisting of only four companies (after the end of the war against Spain had been massively disarmed and personnel reduced), was embarked in Toulon. The association was under the command of François de Bourbon-Vendôme, duc de Beaufort and still consisted of the Régiment de Normandie , Régiment de Picardie , Régiment de Navarre and Régiment Royal des Vaisseaux . On June 22nd, the small fleet appeared on the Algerian coast and occupied the city of Jijel. This expedition, however, was a total failure. Diseases decimated the troops to such an extent that the duc d Beaufort finally had to order a retreat. Jijel was left on October 5th and the return journey to Toulon began.
- 1672 : Siege and capture of Wesel , capture of Arnhem and the forts of Nijmegen. Capture of Utrecht .
- 1674 : Navarre belonged to the army of Louis II. De Bourbon, prince de Condé and fought in the bloody battle of Seneffe in the brigade formation with the Régiment de La Reine and in the battle of Enzheim .
- 1675 : Battle of Mulhouse and Battle of Türkheim .
- 1676 : Defense of the Philippsburg Fortress
- 1677 : capture of Valenciennes , siege of Saint-Omer . Opening the trenches, together with the Régiment de Touraine . In the brigade association with the "Régiment de La Reine" the unit fought in the battle of Cassel and stood here on the right wing in the first line.
- 1678 : Siege of Ghent and Ypres
- 1684 : Siege of Luxembourg
- 1680 : Battle of Fleurus
- 1689 : Together with the Régiment Royal des Vaisseaux , it carried out a loss-making attack on Oberkirch on March 29th .
- 1692 : Together with a battalion of the Régiment de La Reine , the regiment formed a unit in the battle of Steenkerke .
- 1693 : Together with the Régiment d'Artois and the next to the Régiment de Lyonnais in the battle of Neer winds and the siege of Charleroi
- 1692 : Defense of the fortress of Embrun ( Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department )
- 1701 and 1703: capture of Kehl and Breisach
- 1703: Battle of the Speyerbach and capture of the Landau fortress
- 1704: First battle near Höchstädt .
- 1709: Battle of Malplaquet .
- 1712: Battle of Denain . Siege of Le Quesnoy and Landau Fortress
- July 1713: Siege of Landau Fortress . Two battalions were assigned to support the Régiment de La Marine . A crew failure could be repulsed by a company of the regiment, together with the Régiment de Médoc .
- 1719: Siege of Fontarabie , San Sebastián and Urgel .
- 1733: Siege of Kehl and the fortress Philippsburg
- 1740: Garnison in Givet
- 1742 : Battle of Sahay (Czech: Zahájí ). In the defense of Prague , the unit was again able to excel, especially in the failure on August 18, which it undertook together with the Régiment de La Marine .
- 1743 : Battle of Dettingen
- 1744 : Battle near Auenheim (Bas-Rhin) and fighting near Suffelsheim
- 1745 : Siege of Tournai
- 1746 : Siege of Mons , Namur and Charleroi
- 1746 : Battle of Roucoux
- 1748 : Battle of Lauffeldt
- 1756: Stationed on the Breton coast
- 1757: Battle of Hastenbeck
- 1758: Stationed on the Rhine
- 1759: Garnison in Minden
- 1760: Battle near Korbach
- 1761: Garnison in Verdun
Under Louis XVI.
- Between 1767 and 1787: the regiment changed garrisons twenty times. During this time it was a total of four times in Cambrai, four times in Rouen , twice in Metz and once each in Caen , Valognes , Douai , Toulon , Corsica , Besançon , Rennes , Saint-Brieuc , Le Havre and Dieppe .
- 1791: Garrison in Rouen .
- 1792: Garrison at Marcon , cannonade at Valmy and battle at Jemappes . Then in garrison in Valenciennes , on December 1, 1792 seconded to the “Armée de Moselle” campaign to Trier .
- 1793: Garrison in Lannoy. Battle of Hondschoote . Then stationed in Flanders
Between 1793 and 1803 there was no regiment with the number 5
- 1803: Deported to the "Army of Italy".
- 1804: Stationed in the Piémont .
- 1805: Battle of Caldiero.
- 1806: Campaign to Dalmatia and Montenegro. Stationed in Dalmatia
- 1809: Garrison in Sicily, in Malghiera, Ervěnice and Gospić , battle near Wagram , garrison in Znojmo , Lavacca and Meran . Stationed in Germany .
- 1810: Campaign to Spain.
- 1811: Garrison in Figueres and Moncado.
- 1812: Garnison in Olot , Saint-Vincent, Carriga und Vich.
- 1813: Garrison in Bisbal and Barcelona .
- 1813: Battle of Großgörschen , Wurschen , Battle of Dresden , Torgau and Battle of the Nations near Leipzig .
- 1814: In Belfort , Saint-Julien (Vosges) and Villeseneuse . Garrison in Grenoble .
- 1815: The 5e RI was the first regiment to join this after Napoleon's return from Elba. Napoleon is said to have called out at this meeting:
"Is there anyone here who wants to shoot their Emperor?" Here I am ! "
“Is there anyone here who wants to shoot his emperor? Here I am!"
Participation in the Battle of Waterloo then stationed in Belfort.
1815 to 1848
- 1822: Garrison in Lyon
- 1823: French invasion of Spain Defense and combat at Fort de San-Fernando
- 1824: Garrison in Perpignan
- 1827: Garnison in Grenoble
- From 1828 to 1844 the regiment changed garrisons a further sixteen times: it was twice each in Pau , Paris and Bayonne , and once each in Valence , Givet , Lille , Calais , Arras , Rennes , Vannes , Angers , Toulouse and Perpignan.
- 1830 and 1832: Belgian Revolution , capture of the citadel of Antwerp .
- from 1846 to 1851: Stationed in Algeria in: Oran , Tlemcen, Mostaganem, then again Oran. Guerrilla warfare with the Abd el-Kader troops
- From 1851 to 1869: Different garrisons in France: in Toulon four times, in Tours , in Bastia , in Lyon twice each, in Charenton-le-Pont , Paris, Ambleteuse , Blois , Nice once each.
- 1860: Campaign in Syria
Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune
- 1870: Garrison in Toulon. Then participation in the Battle of Sedan .
- 1871: In the "Bloody Week" (23-28 May 1871), participation in the reconquest of Paris, which was ruled by the Commune 
1871 to 1914
- 1871: Garrison in Le Havre
- from 1874 to 1900: The regiment rotates seven times between the two garrisons of Le Havre and Caen. The depot battalion was housed in Falaise.
- from 1900 to 1925: The regiment finally moved to Paris, the depot battalion stayed in Falaise.
The regiment moved out of Paris and Falaise. It was assigned:
- from August 1914 to May 1917: the 6th Division d'infanterie (6th Infantry Division)
- from May 1917 to November 1918: the 5th Division d'infanterie (5th Infantry Division)
The regiment fought in all theaters of war on the Franco-German front as follows:
- First Battle of the Marne
- in front of Charleroi
- at the Guise
- in the Lorettoschlacht at the Vimy-Höhe
- in the Battle of Verdun (Bezonvaux and Tavannes section)
- in the battle of the Aisne
- bei Oulchy-le-Chateau
- at Tielt
- and at the Lys .
- 1926: Garrison in Le Mans
- from 1929 to 1939: Garrison in the " Caserne Charras " in Courbevoie (the 2nd company was in Paris, the 3rd company in Coulommiers ).
- Campaign from 1939–1940
In 1939, the five was e RI an active regiment of the classification "type nord-est" and was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel ( Lt. Col. ) Berger. Concentrated in the “ Caserne Charras ” in Courbevoie, it was subordinated to the “10 e Division d'infanterie” (10th Infantry Division) and equipped by the “Center mobilisateur d'infanterie 211” (Infantry Mobilization Center 211) in Paris - Coulommiers . The regiment fought gloriously on the Aisne near Vieux-lès-Asfeld and received a commendation from the army.
- Armistice Army ( Vichy regime )
From 1941 until the end of 1942 it was one of the few regiments that was not disbanded. Saint-Étienne and Roanne were assigned as garrisons . After the German troops marched into the unoccupied zone, the regiment's flag was brought to safety; part of the regiment escaped and joined the resistance in the Massif Central .
- Liberation Campaign
The unit was set up in parts from August 25, 1944 under the name "5 e demi-brigade d'infanterie" and then became the 5 e RI again on December 10 of the same year . Again in its Paris garrison, the regiment formed four battalions under the flags of the FFI and the FTP and took part in the liberation of Paris.  :
- Bataillon de commandement: Formal Battalion 2/22, composed of the groups Foch et Lyautey (Paris XIXe  and Alfortville),
- 1 he Battalion: Battalion formerly 3/22, came from the battalion Médéric set up with staff of the battalion Libération Vengeance
- 2nd e battalion: formerly battalion 24/22, formed from the XVIIIe and XIVe arrondissement and a battalion railway workers
- 3 a battalion, formerly Battalion 13/22, aufgestellt from different Grup Pier controls ( Pierrefite , Saint-Denis , Hôtel de Ville, maquis de la Loire, groupe libération).
The personnel strength was 3500 men (125 officers, 515 NCOs and 2860 crew grades). The regiment was subordinated to the "10 e division d'infanterie" (10th Infantry Division) under the command of Général Pierre Billotte.
From January the regiment fought in the association of the "1 er Armée française" ( 1st French Army ) in the Vosges and was involved here in impressing the Colmar pocket. Then assigned to the “Armée de l'atlantique” (Atlantic Army), it moved west to fight the remaining German enclaves until the armistice on May 8, 1945.
- From 1945 to 1955 the regiment was part of the occupation army in Germany and stationed in Koblenz .
- From 1955 to 1962 the regiment moved to North Africa and took part in operations in Morocco (1955–1958) and Algeria (1958–1962).
- 1979: Now subordinate to the "2nd Division blindée" (2nd Panzer Division) it was converted into a mechanized regiment and equipped with the AMX-VCI and then with the AMX-10P .
- 1994: The regiment received an order from the IFOR to set up an infantry backup battalion with the destination Bihać (BIB4) in Bosnia and Herzegovina .
- July 1, 1997: Dissolution under the command of Colonel Pierre Roques. The flag was given to the Musée de l'Armée in the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. Part of the regiment went to the "16 e bataillon de chasseurs" (16th Jägerbataillon), the mechanized companies went to the "110 e régiment d'infanterie" (110th infantry regiment) and the tank hunter company became the "Régiment de marche du Tchad “(Chad March Regiment) transferred.
(Navarre ohne Furcht)
Regimentsfahne des 5e RI
The flag ribbon is decorated with the Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with three honorable mentions from the army and one honorable mention from the army corps. Furthermore with the Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with an honorable mention by the army.
Title of the regimental song
«Allons prenez vos rang, allons vite en avant! »(For example:" Get in the ranks - it goes quickly forward ")
War cries from the regiment
- "What government? Navaricum! Diabolical! »
- ("What regiment? That of Navarre! They are evil!")
- ("Which regiment? That of Navarre! They are the diabolical ones!")
(It has its origins in a conversation between the chaplain of the regiment and a Hessian officer when the former gave the sacraments of death to the fatally wounded Hesse. His regiment was worn out in a bayonet attack in 1703 in the Battle of the Speyerbach by Navarre .)
Sponsorships with foreign associations
- „1st Ardennes Chasseurs Regiment“ in Marche-en-Famenne , ( Belgien ), seit 1973
- „Royal 22e Régiment“ in Quebec , ( Kanada ), seit 1982
- "Panzergrenadierbataillon 212" in Augustdorf , since 1993
Personalities served in the regiment
- Seven Marshals of France :
- Jean de Beaumanoir, marquis de Lavardin (1551–1614)
- Pons de Lauzières , Marquis de Thémines (1553–1627)
- Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully (1560–1641)
- John II. d'Estrées (1624–1707)
- Philippe Pétain (1856–1951)
- Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (1889–1952)
- Marie-Pierre Kœnig (1898–1970)
- Four famous writers:
- Théodore Agrippa d'Aubigné (1552–1630),
- François-René de Chateaubriand (1768–1848),
- Pierre Drieu La Rochelle (1893–1945),
- Colonel André Brouillard, better known under the pseudonym Pierre Nord (1900–1985).
- Two ministers:
- Étienne-François de Choiseul (1719–1785): Minister of Foreign Affairs, then Minister of the Navy
- General Adolphe Guillaumat (1863–1940): Minister of War
- Heroes of the Resistance:
- Pierre Brossolette , 1940 Captain im 5th RI
- Yves Anger, born 1928 in Rillieux in the Ain department, was one of the youngest members of the Resistance. In 1944, at the age of 16½, he joined the “Bataillon du Jura” under the name DURANDAL and then fought in Italy. In 1957 he was transferred to the regiment as an adjutant.
- A governor
- Vivant-François Viénot de Vaublanc du Tronchet, Lord of Bousselange (1725–1798) Governor von Santo Domingo
- The helmet of Chevalier Pierre Terrail de Bayard has graced the regimental badge since 1963
- CNE C. Barbié de Préaudeau, Navarre, 1494–1594 - 1994, from the hills of Guyenne to the mountains of Bosnia-Herzegovina , 1994.
- GAL Craplet, 5 Siècles d'Infanterie française , 1967.
- Collective quotes from the infantry regiments 1914–1918 .
- André LETAC, Souvenirs de guerre- 1914–1918 , (adjutant and second lieutenant in the 5th IR) introduction and notes by Marie-Josèphe Bonnet, Ed. Corlet, 2010.
- From then on it was no longer named after the regiment owner
- which had nothing to do with the former 5th e regiment d'infanterie
- Later Marshal of France
- Michaël Bourlet, "The army of Versailles during the Bloody Week and the street fights (May 21-28, 1871)", Revue historique des armies , no 238, year 2005, available online serviceh historique.sga.defense.gouv. fr ( Memento vom 10. Juli 2009 im Internet Archive ), consulted on November 10, 2008
- The groups of the FFI in Paris were organized in battalions whose number was supplemented by 22. (The 22 was the number of the relevant "Région militaire" military region)
- « Decision n ° 12350 / SGA / DPMA / SHD / DAT of 14 September 2007 in relation to the inscriptions of battle names on the drapes and extensions of the troops of the Army of the Earth, the health service of the armies and the service des essences des armées, Bulletin officiel des armées, n ° 27, 9 novembre 2007 » Troop bodies of the Army, the Sanitary Service and the fuel supply industry. Published with the official Army Bulletin No. 27 of November 9, 2007 ")
- " Arrêté relatif à l'attribution de l'inscription AFN 1952–1962 sur les drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées et services, du 19 November 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie " (German: "Order AFN 1952–1962 on the assignment of the inscriptions on the flags and standards of the formations of the army and the services of November 19, 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie ")
- This also applies to units that have already been disbanded, as they can (theoretically) be put back into active service at any time