62 Organizations - 62 Organizaciones
The 62 Peronist Gremial Organizations is a group of unions in Argentina that constitutes a political tool of Peronism . Its name, which indicates the number of trade associations that initially formed it, has not changed despite the fact that the number of adhered unions varied over time. The origin of the group is found in the normalizing Congress of the CGT convened in August 1957 by the military government that had overthrown President Juan Domingo Perón , to elect the authorities to replace the controller of said confederation.
On September 24, 1955, a day after General Eduardo Lonardi assumed the provisional presidency of Argentina, the CGT issued a statement addressed to the workers indicating “the need to maintain the most absolute calm and to continue in their tasks receiving only directives of the labor union ” [ 1 ] and on September 25 its leaders, led by its general secretary Hugo Di Pietro, met with Lonardi.
On October 5, it was announced that the members of the Board of Directors and the Secretariat of the CGT have resigned and that two members of the resigning Council, Andrés Framini from the Asociación Obrera Textiland Luis Natalini, from the Sindicato de Luz y Fuerza, have taken over the organization with the commitment to hold elections within a maximum period of 120 days. The normalization process almost immediately caused clashes between the trade unionists and the government, which on October 28 established the norms that would govern the elections in the unions, among which was the control of the elections by officials of the Ministry of Labor and the expiration immediate from the CGT authorities. The labor organization responded by declaring a general strike that was lifted when they agreed that Framini and Natalini would continue to lead the CGT, accompanied by Lieutenant Manuel Reimúndez as administrator of their assets. On November 13, 1955, Lonardi was replaced by Lieutenant General Pedro Eugenio Aramburu., the CGT declares a general strike for an indefinite period but the strike lasts only one day, many leaders are imprisoned and the organization is intervened.
In August 1957 the government convened a Congress made up of the representatives of the unions from which the new CGT authorities should emerge. The Congress was held between August 26 and September 5 in the Les Ambassadeurs room, located on Avenida Figueroa Alcorta in the Recoleta neighborhood , which was used for dances and parties, with the presence, in addition to the congressmen, of the controller in the CGT, captain Alberto Patron Laplacete and the public. Among the congressmen of Peronist origin were Andrés Framini , Casildo Herrera and Sebastián Borro ; non-Peronists included Agustín Tosco, Vicente Marischi, a leader of the wood; Vincheli, from the Chemical Workers Union, Alberto Cortés, from the Canillitas Union, Francisco Pérez Leirós , a socialist from the Municipal Employees Union, for Commerce Employees were Salvador Marcovecchio and Armando March, a socialist who later approached radicalism. Also from the non-Peronist sector were José Grunfeld, an anarchist, Riego Ribas, a socialist, a close friend of Augusto Vandor but a political opponent. Juan Carlos Loholaberry, from textiles; Juan Rachini, from Gaseous Waters, and Ángel Bono, from La Fraternidad. Manuel Rodríguez, leader of the PC , of the chemists, and Roberto García, El Áspero, leader of the rubber and later taxi driver, Antonio Mucci, who later became the Minister of Labor for Raúl Alfonsín, and Alfredo Allende, leader of the Insurance Union and later Minister of Labor of Frondizi, Pedro Conde Magdaleno, leader of the bakers (Peronist). The groups that were formed were: the "free" or "democratic" unions, (commerce, graphics, railways, clothing, municipal), the Peronists (metallurgists, textiles, meat workers, bakers), the communists (wood, construction, chemicals) and independent (Luz y Fuerza, Azucareros). A Verification Commission was appointed to examine the credentials of the delegates, but when it presented its report there were discrepancies among the congressmen and the withdrawal of a group of them left Congress without a quorum to function, thus frustrating the normalization of the CGT.
Later, meetings with the participation of the different sectors continued in the local La Fraternidad union , but they did not agree, so they separated into two sectors: the non-Peronists who met in the Trade Employees Union and which are renamed "Las 32 Organizations ”and the Peronists plus the Communists who did it in the Argentine Health Workers Association formed“ Las 62 Organizations ”.
The 62 organizations made two strikes, one on November 27 and another on October 22 and 23. Later the communist unions withdrew and created an entity that is renamed "Los 19". The 62 and the 19 in turn formed the MOU (Unified Workers Movement) where communists and Peronists coexisted, but when the latter retired, it was renamed MUCS (Movement of Union Unity and Coordination, which later disappeared. For their part, the 62 Organizations Since then they continued as a political tool of Peronism.
The new millennium shows UATRE (Unión Argentina de Trabajadores Rurales y Estibadores) as a strong union of the group, and Gerónimo "Momo" Venegas as general secretary of UATRE (from 1992 until his death on June 26 , 2017) and by the leader of the 62 Organizations. Who founded the FE Party in 2012 with the purpose of offering dissident Peronism a platform to present itself in the 2013 elections , outside of the national PJ, which at that time responded to Kirchnerism . [ 2 ] Later, he joined the Cambiemos Coalition , which deposited Mauricio Macrias the fiftieth president of the Argentine Nation , after the 2015 presidential elections .
Currently, the 62 Organizations are in charge of the General Secretary of the Workers' Union of the Glass and Related Industry (SOIVA) Horacio A. Valdes, who in the elections held on August 15, 2018, was elected.
Currently the province of Córdoba is normalized. Where comrade Sergio Fittipaldi stayed as secretary general.
- Meléndez, Raquel; Montenegro, Nestor (1971). History of the labor movement . Latin America Publishing Center. p. 112.
- Lerman, Gabriel D. «The birth of the 62 Organizations» . Page 12 of 12-17-2007 . Retrieved August 16, 2011 .
- Meléndez, Raquel y Montenegro, Nestor: History of the labor movement p. 89. Publishing Center of Latin America. Buenos Aires 1971
- «Venegas launched the FE party for the dissident PJ» . Retrieved August 24, 2017 .