65th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 65.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 65th Division was a unit of the People's Army of the Republic that existed during the Spanish Civil War , created on the basis of mixed brigades . It came to be deployed on the Madrid and Levante fronts.
The unit was created in the late summer of 1937, in front of the Center. The 65th Division, made up of the 36th and 42nd mixed brigades , came under the command of the militia major, Inocencio Fernández López . [ 1 ] During the following months he remained at the Madrid front without taking part in relevant military operations. [ n. 1 ]
In May 1938 the unit was sent as reinforcement to the Levante front, where the Francoist side had launched an offensive that sought to conquer Valencia. [ 3 ] He was commanded by the militia major Antolín Serrano García . [ 4 ] It was attached to the XIII Army Corps [ 5 ] and participated in the defense of the Port of Escandón . [ 6 ] Later it was integrated into the XVII Army Corps , together with the 40th and 25th divisions . [ 7 ]At the end of the fighting, it returned to the front of the Center, being assigned to the general reserve of the GERC . [ 8 ]
In January 1939 he participated in a failed offensive on the Madrid front that tried to support the republican offensive in Extremadura. [ 9 ] A few months later, during the Casado coup , the 65th Division - and in particular its 112th Mixed Brigade - played an important role in the first moments of the uprising, occupying the heights of Chamartín , Castellana , the Arenal street , the Puerta de Sol , the Plaza Mayor or the Nuevos Ministerios , where established his headquarters general. [ 10 ]
- Major of the militias Inocencio Fernández López ;
- militia major Antolín Serrano García ; [ 11 ]
- Militia Major Valentín Gutiérrez de Miguel ; [ 12 ]
Order of battle
| || || || |
|December 1937||II Army Corps||36.ª y 42.ª||Center|
|April 1938||II Army Corps||36.ª , 42.ª y 75.ª||Center|
|June-July 1938||XIII Army Corps||43.ª y 61.ª||Levante|
|February-March 1939||Reserve Gerco||18.ª , 112.ª y 200.ª||Levante|
- Alpert, 1989, p. 354.
- Martínez Bande, 1981 , p. 166.
- VV.AA, 1990 , pp. 596, 598.
- Martínez Bande, 1977 , p. 142.
- VV.AA, 1990, p. 602.
- Martínez Bande, 1977 , p. 91.
- Engel, 1999, p. 32.
- Martínez Bande, 1985 , p. 82.
- Bahamonde Magro and Cervera Gil, 1999 , pp. 375, 378.
- Martínez Bande, 1981 , pp. 142, 153.
- Martínez Bande, 1981 , p. 303.
- Álvarez, 1989, p. 181.
- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Alpert , Michael (1989). The republican army in the civil war . Siglo XXI Editores.
- Bahamonde Magro , Angel; Cervera Gil , Javier (1999). Thus ended the War of Spain . Madrid: Marcial Pons. ISBN 84-95379-00-7 .
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid: Almena. ISBN 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1977). The offensive on Valencia . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.
- -- (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.
- —— (1985). The End of the Civil War . Madrid: Ed. San Martín.
- VV.AA. (1990). General history of Spain and America XVII . The second republic and the civil war . Madrid: Rialp Editions.