6. Baden Infantry Regiment "Kaiser Friedrich III." No. 114 - 6. Badisches Infanterie-Regiment „Kaiser Friedrich III.“ Nr. 114

6. Baden Infantry Regiment "Kaiser Friedrich III." No. 114

active 1867 to 1919
State Grand Duchy of Baden Grand Duchy of Baden
Armed forces Baden Army /
Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
Insinuation XIV Army Corps (since 1871)

The sixth Badische Infantry Regiment "Emperor Frederick III." No. 114 was an infantry joined the Prussian army .

Police headquarters in Konstanz, former monastery barracks
Seal mark of the 6th Baden Infantry Regiment "Kaiser Friedrich III." No. 114
The musketeer August Schlude as "114er" with a green shoulder flap

story

The association was established on October 26, 1867 from the 5th and 10th Infantry Battalions of the Baden Army and was initially called the 6th Grand Ducal Baden Infantry Regiment . It formed into two grenadier and one fusilier battalion . The Rastatt regiment was assigned as a garrison . In 1868 the regiment moved to Constance and was housed in the former Petershausen monastery. [1]

"114er" uniform

After the military convention of November 25, 1870, the Grand Duchy surrendered its military sovereignty to Prussia and was incorporated into the Prussian Army. On July 1, 1871, the association was named 6th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 114 and formed together with the 5th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 113 the 57th Infantry Brigade . With the appointment of Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm as head of the regiment , the association was named 6th Baden Infantry Regiment "Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm" No. 114 on September 22, 1877 and, after his death, was named 6th Baden Infantry on August 2, 1888 -Regiment "Kaiser Friedrich III." No. 114 .[2]

Franco-German War

There were assignments at Dijon and the Lisaine . [3]

Peace time

The peacetime strength of the 114er was around 3,300 men. [4]

First World War

There were assignments with Loos , Loretto and Chérisy . [5]

Whereabouts

After the end of the war, the regiment cleared the occupied area in accordance with the terms of the armistice and marched back home with its remains. From December 12, 1918, on the march back, it first moved into quarters in Bobenhausen and Wohnfeld until it arrived in Constance on January 12, 1919. After the demobilization , the regiment was finally disbanded on May 9, 1919.

The tradition of the regiment took over in the Reichswehr by decree of the Chief of the Army Command General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt from August 24th 1921 the 9th to 12th companies of the 14th (Baden) Infantry Regiment stationed in Constance .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [6]
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Karl von Bauer October 26, 1867 to April 17, 1871
Oberst Eduard Kraus April 18, 1871 to June 1, 1875
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Hermann von Melchior 0 June 2 to 18, 1875 (in charge of the tour)
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Hermann von Melchior June 19, 1875 to March 14, 1881
Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel Benno von Fragstein and Niemsdorff March 15 to September 15, 1881 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Benno von Fragstein and Niemsdorff September 16, 1881 to February 4, 1887
Lieutenant colonel Karl Kleinhans 0 February 5 to March 7, 1887 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Karl Kleinhans 0 March 8, 1887 to March 23, 1890
Oberst Rudolf Caemmerer March 24, 1890 to June 16, 1893
Oberst Otto Meyer June 17, 1893 to February 16, 1894
Lieutenant colonel George of Bose February 17 to March 16, 1894 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst George of Bose March 17, 1894 to June 16, 1897
Oberst Otto Emmich June 17, 1897 to May 17, 1901
Oberst Friedrich von Cochenhausen May 18, 1901 to April 20, 1905
Oberst Theodor von Watter April 21, 1905 to April 14, 1907
Oberst Arthur von Walther April 15, 1907 to April 19, 1909
Oberst Udo von Wussow April 20, 1909 to September 12, 1911
Oberst Arved from Frobel September 13, 1912 to May 5, 1912
Oberst Kurt von Fölkersamb 22. May 1912 to 29. August 1914
Lieutenant colonel Adolf Friedrich von Sell August 30th to September 29th, 1914
Major Kurt of Sorrow September 30 to October 29, 1914 (in charge of the tour)
Oberst Hans von Sydow October 30, 1914 to May 26, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Walther von Goeßel May 27 to October 15, 1918
Lieutenant colonel Gottlob Clamann October 16, 1918 to 1919

Commemoration

The chapel on the giant mountain

The names of the 3,200 fallen soldiers of the regiment in World War I were recorded on the oak paneling inside the Riesenberg Chapel (114 chapel) on the top of the Riesenberg in Constance ( Lage ). [7] The architect of the chapel, built in 1925, was Karl Gruber (architectural historian) , the altarpiece was made by Hans Franke (painter) . The chapel is maintained by the traditional community of the former garrison town of Konstanz . Since 1945 there has been a boulder next to the chapel to commemorate the fallen of 14th regiment, the traditional successor to the 114er, in the Second World War. [8] [9]Among the soldiers of the 6th Baden Infantry Regiment Kaiser Friedrich III. No. 114 were also volunteers from Switzerland. [10] [11]

Archive

In 1919 the regimental files were initially stored at the regiment's liquidation office, then went to the archives of the XIV Army Corps and from 1947 to 1949 came to the General Archives in Karlsruhe . [12]

Exhibitions

  • May 1 to November 11, 2018: We were there too - men from Switzerland and the Constance Regiment No. 114 in the war of 1914–1918. Napoleon Museum Thurgau [13]

literature

  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Verlag Militaria, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 , pp. 192-193.
  • Arthur Waenker v. Dankenschweil: History of the 6th Baden Infantry Regiment Kaiser Friedrich III. No. 114 popularly represented as part of the Patriotic History and the Special History of Constance. Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1898.
  • Association of officers of the former infantry regiment (ed.): History of the 6th Baden Infantry Regiment Kaiser Friedrich III. No. 114 in World War 1914 to 1918 (= From Germany's great times. Volume 33), Sporn, Zeulenroda [1932] ( digitized version of the Württemberg State Library ).

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Philipp Zieger: Germans and Swiss fought side by side in the green regiment - and shaped the history of the city of Constance. In: Südkurier. June 18, 2018.
  2. ^ Regimental history at the Baden-Württemberg State Archives
  3. ^ Philipp Zieger: Switzerland and the green regiment. In: Südkurier . June 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Philipp Zieger: Switzerland and the green regiment. In: Südkurier. June 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Philipp Zieger: Germans and Swiss fought side by side in the green regiment - and shaped the history of the city of Constance. In: Südkurier. June 18, 2018
  6. Günter Wegmann (ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The occupation of active infantry regiments as well as Jäger and MG battalions, military district commandos and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1992, ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 , pp. 290-291 .
  7. ^ Philipp Zieger: Germans and Swiss fought side by side in the green regiment - and shaped the history of the city of Constance. In: Südkurier. June 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Philipp Zieger: Switzerland and the green regiment. In: Südkurier , June 12, 2018.
  9. Heike Thissen: The 114 chapel. Built in memory of the comrades. In: Eva-Maria Bast, Heike Thissen: Secrets of the homeland. 50 exciting stories from Constance. Volume 2, werk two Print + Medien Konstanz GmbH, 2013, ISBN 978-3-9815564-6-9 , pp. 105-108.
  10. ^ Exhibition on the First World War in the Napoleon Museum in Thurgau. In: Qlt (kult) March 17 to April 13, 2018, pp. 4–5.
  11. Napoleon Museum Thurgau : We were there too - men from Switzerland and the Constance Regiment No. 114 in the war of 1914–1918. Special exhibition May 1 to November 11, 2018.
  12. ^ Regimental history at the Baden-Württemberg State Archives
  13. Press release exhibition Napoleon Museum Thurgau