6th of December -
6 de diciembre
On December 6 is the 340th (three hundredth fortieth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and 341.º in leap years . There are 25 days left to finish the year. Events 35 : in present-day Guatemala , the first writings of America are documented , stelae from the late Olmec
period. 1060 : in Hungary , Bela I
is crowned king. 1196 : Tello Pérez de Meneses founds the Villamartín Hospital and donates it to the Order of Santiago
1196: the flood of Saint Nicholas occurs, covering the north of the Netherlands and the Zuiderzee area , including Griend
Island with water . 1240 : in the framework of the Mongol invasion of Russia , Kiev - under the dominion of Danylo de Halych and Voivode Dmytro - falls into the hands of the Mongols of Batu Khan
. 1248 : Prince Alfonso the Wise of Castile officially enters the city of Alicante
, after the conquest of its castle two days ago. 1534 : in Ecuador , the Spanish conquerors change the name of the indigenous village of Quitu
to San Francisco de Quito (today the capital of the Republic). 1703 : between December 5 and 9 ("November 24 to 28" according to the Julian calendar in force at that time in Europe) the Great Storm of 1703 occurs in the British Isles - the most violent recorded in the history of the region-. It began on December 5, covering an area 500 km wide, from Wales , central and southern England , the North Sea , the Netherlands, and northern Germany . Tornadoes were reported . British journalist and writer Daniel Defoe (author of Robinson Crusoe ) wrote that it was "the most terrible storm the world has ever seen." Many ships of the Dutch and British war fleets were sunk, with hundreds drowned. Storm surge
occurred in many places . The floods generated drowned an unknown number of people (between 8,000 and 15,000). 1704 : in Panjab (northwest of India) a Mogul army defeats Sikh soldiers in the Battle of Chamkaur
. 1745 : the army of Carlos Eduardo Estuardo begins the retreat during the second Jacobite Uprising
. 1768 : the first edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica
is published in London . 1791 : Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is buried in the St. Marx Cemetery in Vienna
, in a simple communal grave. 1797 : In Spain , the Spanish military man Joaquín del Pino Sánchez de Rozas is appointed Governor of Chile
. 1810 : in the city of Guadalajara ( Mexico ), the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
declares the abolition of slavery. 1811 : in Buenos Aires the Patrician Regiment revolts , demanding the return of its first leader, Cornelio Saavedra .
1821 : in San Nicolás de los Arroyos ( Argentina ) the image of the Turkish bishop Saint Nicolás de Bari
is enthroned as the city's patron saint. 1852 : in Buenos Aires, the forces of the Argentine Confederation initiate the siege of Buenos Aires
. 1863 : in Colombia the Battle of Cuaspud takes place between Colombia and Ecuador
. 1865 - In the United States, nearly all states ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
. In it slavery is abolished. 1866 : a meteorite falls in Margolles ( Asturias
). 1868 : in the Arroyo Ytororó , on the Paraguay River (25 km from Asunción ) ―in the framework of the War of the Triple Alliance -, the Brazilian army (12,000 soldiers) achieved the withdrawal of the Paraguayan army (4,100 soldiers) in the Battle of Ytororó
. There are 1,864 Brazilian casualties and 1,116 Paraguayan casualties. 1877 : in Washington DC ( United States ) the first issue of The Washington Post is published
1877: in the United States, inventor Thomas Alva Edison , using his new phonograph
, makes the first recording of a human voice. 1879 : in the Dominican Republic the second term of Cesáreo Guillermo
as president ends . 1890 : Charles Robert Richet
performs the first serum therapeutic injection in a man. 1897 : London becomes the first city to give taxi
licenses . 1904 : In the United States, President Theodore Roosevelt - in reaction to the naval blockade of Venezuela of 1902-1903 - adds to the Monroe doctrine ("America for the Americans") the corollary Roosevelt
("America for the Americans"). 1906 : the district of Chimbote is founded in Peru .
1914 : in Mexico City , the troops of Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata occupy the National Palace
. 1916 : in the framework of the First World War , the Central Powers capture Bucharest
. 1917 : Finland declares its independence from the Russian Empire 1923 : in Turkey , the Ecumenical Synod elects the Metropolitan of Kadiköy (Chalcedon), Gregory, as the new Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople ( Istanbul ) with the name of Gregory VII
. 1925 : Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth discovers the asteroid Aquilegia (1063)
. 1928 : in Ciénaga , near Santa Marta , on the Caribbean coast of Colombia , between December 5 and December 6, the Government of Miguel Abadía Méndez ordered the assassination of 1,800 workers who were on strike against the United States company United Fruit Company ( Massacre of the Bananeras
). 1935 : in Pedro Juan Caballero (Paraguay) the Club Sportivo 2 de Mayo
is founded . 1941 : in the framework of World War II , the United Kingdom declares war on Finland for the Finnish aggression against the Soviet Union during the Continuation War
. The United Kingdom and Finland will be at war until the end of World War II. 1956 : at the Melbourne Olympic Games - within the framework of the Hungarian Revolution - a water polo match between Hungary and the Soviet Union takes place
1956: at the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games , Mexican diver Joaquín Capilla
obtained first place in the 10m event, being the first non-American athlete since 1924 to win the gold medal in diving. 1957 : In a tunnel 80 meters underground, in the U3e area of the Nevada Atomic Test Site (about 100 km northwest of the city of Las Vegas ), at 12:15 (local time) the United States detonates its Pascal-C atomic bomb , 20 kt . It is the 119th bomb out of 1,131 that the United States detonated between 1945 and 1992.
1959 : in Naples (Italy), the San Paolo Stadium
is inaugurated . 1967 : in the United States, surgeon Adrian Kantrowitz (1918-2008) performs the second heart transplant (three days earlier, in South Africa , Dr. Christian Barnard
had performed the first).
1967: in a well 195 meters underground, in the area U10ai of the Nevada Atomic Test Site (about 100 km northwest of the city of Las Vegas ), at 5:00 (local time) the United States detonates its atomic bomb # 530: Polka , 0.2 kt
. 1969 : in Managua ( Nicaragua ), General President Anastasio Somoza Debayle and his wife Hope Portocarrero inaugurate the Rubén Darío National Theater
designed by the architect José Francisco Terán. 1971 : Deep Purple writes its most recognized song worldwide, Smoke on the water
. 1971 : Pakistan and India recognize Bangladesh
. 1977 : South Africa grants mandatory independence to Bofutatswana
, but no country recognizes that fact. 1978 : in Spain the current Spanish Constitution is approved in a referendum .
1982 : in the village Las Dos Erres, in the Guatemalan department of La Libertad (Petén) , the Government of General Efraín Ríos Montt carried out the first day of the Las Dos Erres Massacre
, in which they will torture and murder the entire population from the village (more than 500 people). 1989 : in Montreal ( Canada ) the massacre of the Polytechnic School of Montreal takes place
1989: in the Paloquemao sector in Bogotá , Colombia , the DAS (Colombian intelligence) building is destroyed in a terrorist attack by a truck loaded with 500 kilograms of explosives: 103 people die and another 600 are injured, in addition to hundreds of locals commercial destroyed. Miguel Alfredo Maza Márquez , director of the institution, is saved . The act was provoked by Pablo Escobar , leader of the Medellín Cartel
. 1998 : in Venezuela , Hugo Chávez is victorious in the presidential elections
1998: in Bangkok ( Thailand ) the XIII Asian Games begin . [ 1 ]
2001 : the first Harry Potter film ( Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone ) is released in Latin America .
2001: In Canada , the province of Newfoundland is renamed Newfoundland and Labrador
. 2002 : a massacre takes place in Plaza Francia in Caracas ( Venezuela ), resulting in three people dead and 29 wounded, when a man, João de Gouveia
, attacks opposition citizens who were demonstrating peacefully. 2005 : in Dongzhou ( China
), in a protest by peasants, the police kill an unknown number of people. 2006 : NASA publishes photos from the Mars Global Surveyor that suggest the presence of water on Mars
. 2013 : in ( Brazil ), the group draw is held for the 2014 Soccer World Cup
. 2015 : in ( Venezuela ), parliamentary elections
are held . For the first time in 17 years, Chavismo loses a quota of power in Venezuela. 2017 : debut of K-pop boy
group The Boyz . 2018 : in Guadalajara , Mexico , Enrique Alfaro Ramírez assumes the position of governor of the state of Jalisco
. Births 846 : Hasan al-Askari
, Shiite imam (d. 874). 1285 : Ferdinand IV
, King of Castile and León (d. 1312). 1421 : Henry VI
, English King (d. 1471). 1478 : Baltasar de Castiglione
, Italian writer (f. 1529). 1550 : Orazio Vecchi
, Italian composer (f. 1605). 1608 : George Monck
, British military and politician (d. 1670). 1637 : Sir Edmund Andros
, British Governor in North America (d. 1714). 1640 : Claude Fleury
, French historian (d. 1723). 1642 : Johann Christoph Bach
, German organist and composer (d. 1703). 1685 ; Maria Adelaide of Savoy , mother of Louis XV of France
(d. 1712). 1721 : Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes
, político francés (f. 1794).
1721: James Elphinston
, Scottish educator, phonologist and linguist (d. 1809). 1752 : Andrés Hubert Fournet
, French clergyman and saint (d. 1834). 1761 : Tadeo Haenke
, Czech botanist, zoologist and geologist (d. 1817). 1778 : Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac
, French fisicoquímico (f. 1850). 1792 : William II
Dutch king (d. 1849). 1803 : María Josefa de Sajonia
, German aristocrat (d. 1829). 1805 : Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin
, ilusionista francés (f. 1861). 1812 : Ana María Martínez de Nisser
, Colombian heroine and writer (d. 1872). 1814 : Juan Prim
, Spanish military and politician (d. 1870). 1821 : Manuel Fernández y González
, Spanish writer (d. 1888). 1823 : Max Müller
, German philologist, mythologist and orientalist (d. 1900). 1824 : Concepción Bona , Dominican patriot who made the flag of that country, together with María Trinidad Sánchez
(d. 1901). 1835 : Germano V
, Greek religious, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1920). 1839 : Manuel Ossorio and Bernard
Spanish journalist (d. 1904). 1841 : Frédéric Bazille
, pintor francés (f. 1870). 1849 : August von Mackensen
, German field marshal (d. 1945). 1863 - Charles Martin Hall
, American inventor and engineer (d. 1914). 1868 : Lisandro de la Torre
, Argentine politician (d. 1939). 1869 : Otto Nordenskjöld
, Swedish geologist (f. 1928). 1872: Arthur Henry Adams, escritor australiano (f. 1936). 1872: William S. Hart, actor estadounidense (f. 1946). 1879 : Rogelio Yrurtia
, Argentine artist (d. 1950). 1886 : Shūmei Ōkawa
, Japanese intellectual (f. 1957). 1887 : Joseph Lamb
, American ragtime pianist and composer (d. 1960).
1887: Lynn Fontanne
, British actress (d. 1983). 1888 : Will Hay
, British comedian and actor (d. 1949).
1888: Emiliana de Zubeldía
, Basque composer and pianist (f. 1987). 1889 : Sam Newfield
, American film director (d. 1964). 1890 : Dion Fortune
, British occultist and writer (d. 1946).
1890: Rudolf Schlichter
, artista alemán (f. 1955). 1892 : Sir Osbert Sitwell
, British writer (d. 1969). 1895 : Eugenio Matte Hurtado
, Chilean socialist politician (d. 1934). 1896 : Ira Gershwin
, lyricist of American theater musicals (d. 1983). 1898 : Alfred Eisenstaedt
, German-American photojournalist (d. 1995).
1898: Gunnar Myrdal
, Swedish economist, Nobel laureate in Economics in 1974 (d. 1987). 1900 : Germa'n Arciniegas
, writer and Colombian historian (f. 1999).
1900: Agnes Moorehead
, American actress (b. 1974). 1904 : Ève Curie
, French writer (b. 2007).
1908: Baby Face Nelson
, American bank robber (b. 1934). 1912 : Blackie
, Argentine journalist, singer and radio and television presenter (d. 1977).
1913: Mercedes Ballesteros Gaibrois
, Spanish writer (d. 1995). 1916 : Kristján Eldjárn
, Icelandic politician (b. 1982). 1917 : María Angélica Vilches
Argentine public speaking teacher and teacher.
1917: Kamal Jumblatt
, Lebanese leader (d. 1977). 1920 : Dave Brubeck
, American jazz pianist and composer (d. 2012).
1920: George Porter
, British chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967 (d. 2002). 1921 : Luis Cuenca
, Spanish actor (f. 2004).
1921: Piero Piccioni
, Italian musician and composer (d. 2004). 1924: Wally Cox, actor estadounidense (f. 1973). 1927 : Francisco Pedraja Muñoz
, Spanish painter. 1928 : Bobby Van
, American singer (d. 1980). 1928 : Rubeus Hagrid
, fictional character from the Harry Potter literary saga.
1928: Sergio Molina
, Chilean economist and politician. 1929 : Nikolaus Harnoncourt
, Austrian conductor and musician (d. 2016).
1929: Alain Tanner
, Swiss filmmaker.
1929: Javier Cortes Álvarez de Miranda
, Spanish archaeologist, discoverer of the Roman town of La Olmeda (f. 2009). 1930 : Eladio Cabañero
, Spanish poet (f. 2000).
1930: Carmelo Cedrún
, Spanish soccer goalkeeper. 1931 : Don King
, American boxing promoter.
1931: Zeki Müren
, artista turco (f. 1996). 1933 : Henryk Górecki
, Polish composer (f. 2010). 1936 : David Ossman
, American comedian and writer. 1937 : Alberto Spencer
, Ecuadorian soccer player (d. 2006). 1938 : Patrick Bauchau
, Belgian actor. 1941 : Bruce Nauman
, American sculptor and painter. 1942 : Peter Handke
, Austrian writer. 1943 : Santo Biasatti
, Argentine journalist. 1944 : Enrique Segoviano
, television director. 1945 : Shekhar Kapur
, india cineasta. 1947 : Lupita Ferrer
, Venezuelan telenovela actress.
1947: Homero Francesch
, Uruguayan classical music pianist, nationalized Swiss.
1947: Miroslav Vitouš
, Czech musician. 1948 : Keke Rosberg
, Finnish Formula 1 driver.
1948: JoBeth Williams
, American actress. 1949 : Elmer Mendoza
, Mexican writer. 1950 : Joe Hisaishi
, Japanese composer.
1950: Ernesto Holman
, Chilean composer and bassist. 1951 : Paco Lobatón
, Spanish journalist. 1953 : Tom Hulce
, American actor. 1953 : Masami Kurumada
, Mangaka Japónes.
1955: Steven Wright
, American comedian. 1956 : Peter Buck
, American guitarist, of the band REM.
1956: Randy Rhoads
, American guitarist, of the bands Quiet Riot and Ozzy Osbourne (f. 1982). 1958 : Nick Park
, British director and animator. 1959 : Satoru Iwata
, Japanese businessman. 1960 : Toke Talagi
, Niuean politician, head of Government of Niue between 2008 and 2020 (f. 2020). 1961 : David Lovering
, American musician, of the band Pixies.
1961: Manuel Reuter
, German racing driver. 1962 : Janine Turner
, American actress. 1962 Ben Watt, British singer and musician 1963 : Ulrich Thomsen
, Danish actor. 1964 : Jorge González Ríos
, Chilean musician, from the band Los Prisioneros. 1965 : Gordon Durie
, Scottish footballer.
1965: Rafael Ferro
, Argentine actor. 1967 : Judd Apatow
, American filmmaker, screenwriter and producer. 1968 : Susy Shock
, Argentine actress, writer and singer.
1968: Héctor Suárez Gomís
, Mexican actor and comedian. 1969 : Mark Gardener
, English musician. 1970 : Ulf Ekberg
, Swedish musician, of the band Ace of Base.
1970: Michaela Jänke
, German actress. 1971 : Richard Krajicek
, Dutch tennis player.
1972: Mónica Santa María
, Peruvian model (f. 1994). 1975 : Noel Clarke
, British actor.
1976: Paolo Meneguzzi
: ítalo-suizo singer.
1976: Lindsay Price
, American actress. 1979 : Tim Cahill
, Australian footballer.
1979: Fran Yeste
, Spanish footballer. 1982 : Ryan Carnes
, American actor. 1982 : Alberto Contador
, Spanish cyclist. 1984 : Sofia Hellqvist
, princess of Sweden. 1985 : Dulce María
, actress and Mexican singer. 1990 : Tamira Paszek
, Austrian tennis player. 1994 : Giannis Antetokounmpo
, Greek balloonist. 1996 : Stefanie Scott
, American actress and singer. 1997 : Sabrina Ionescu
, American basketball player. Deaths 345 : Nicholas of Bari
, Turkish bishop and saint (b. 270). 1185 : Alfonso I
, Portuguese King (b.1109). 1352 : Clement VI
, Italian pope (b.1291). 1558 : Juan de Celaya
, Spanish humanist (b.1490). 1562 : Jan van Scorel
, Dutch painter and architect (b.1495). 1613 : Anton Praetorius
, German fighter against the persecution of witches and torture (b. 1560). 1658 : Baltasar Gracián
, Spanish writer (b.1601). 1672 : John II Casimir Vasa,
Polish king (b.1609). 1718 : Nicholas Rowe
, British poet and playwright (b. 1674). 1771 : Giovanni Battista Morgagni
, Italian anatomist (b.1682). 1779 : Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin
, pintor francés (n. 1699). 1855 - William John Swainson
, British biologist and artist (b. 1789). 1865 : Sebastián Iradier
, Spanish composer (b.1809). 1867 : Pierre Flourens
, French biologist (b. 1794). 1873 : Manuel Acuña
, Mexican poet (b. 1849). 1876 : Manuel Cantero de San Vicente
, Spanish economist and politician (b. 1804). 1882 : Anthony Trollope
, British writer (b. 1815).
1882: Alfred Escher
, Swiss politician (b.1819). 1883 : Heinrich Wydler
, Swiss botanist (born 1800). 1889 : Jefferson Davis
, American secessionist politician (b.1808). 1892 : Werner von Siemens
, German engineer and industrialist (b.1816). 1893 : Nemesio Fernández Cuesta y Picatoste
, Spanish journalist (b. 1818). 1943 : Ricardo León
, Spanish writer (b. 1877). 1949 - Leadbelly
, American blues and folk musician and composer (b. 1888). 1951 : José Estadella Arnó
, Spanish physician and politician (b. 1880). 1954 : Lucien Tesnière
, French linguist (b. 1893). 1955 : George Platt Lynes
, American photographer (b.1907).
1955 - Honus Wagner
, American baseball player (b.1874). 1956 : BR Ambedkar
, Indian jurist, academic and politician (b. 1891). 1961 : Frantz Fanon
, American writer and psychiatrist (b. 1925). 1966 : Juan Natalicio González
, writer and former Paraguayan president (b. 1897). 1967 : Óscar Diego Gestido
, Uruguayan military, politician and president (b.1901). 1972 : Janet Munro
, British actress (b.1934). 1974 : Nikolai Gerásimovich Kuznetsov
, Soviet admiral (b. 1904). 1976 : João Goulart
, Brazilian president (n. 1918). 1977 : Juan Antonio Suanzes
, Spanish military and politician (b. 1891). 1983 : Lucienne Boyer
, French singer (b.1903). 1985 : Denis de Rougemont
, Swiss writer and philosopher (b.1906).
1985: Burr Tillstrom
, marionetista estadounidense (n. 1917). 1988 : Roy Orbison
, American singer (b.1936). 1989 : Frances Bavier
, American actress (b.1902). 1989: John Payne, actor estadounidense (n. 1912).
1989: Eduardo Rudy
, Argentine actor (b.1920). 1990 : Paúlos Sidirópoulos
, Greek musician ( b.1948 ).
1990: Abd ul-Rahman Putra
, Malaysian Prime Minister, Father of Malaysia (b.1903). 1991 : Orestes Omar Corbatta
, Argentine soccer player (b.1936).
1991: Richard Stone
, British economist (b.1913). 1992 : Paula Allende
, daughter of the Chilean writer Isabel Allende (b. 1963). 1993 : Don Ameche
, American actor (b.1908). 1994 : Gian Maria Volonté
, Italian actor (n. 1933). 1995 : Luis Regueiro
, Spanish footballer (b.1908). 1998 : César Baldaccini
, French sculptor (b.1921). 2000 : Enrique Anderson Imbert
, Argentine writer (b.1910).
2000: Werner Klemperer
, German actor (b.1920). 2003 : Hans Hotter
, German baritone (b.1909).
2003: José María Jiménez
, Spanish cyclist (b. 1971). 2005 : Charly Gaul
, Luxembourg cyclist (b.1932). 2008 : Dino Formaggio
, Italian philosopher (b.1914). 2009 : Pedro Altares , Spanish journalist [ 2 ]
(b. 1935). 2011 : Chucho Ferrer
, Mexican musician (b.1929). 2013 : Nya Quesada
, Argentine actress (b.1919). 2014 : Ralph H. Baer
, German engineer and inventor (b.1922). 2018 : Pete Shelley
, British musician, composer and singer (b.1943). 2019 : Bartomeu Melià
, Spanish Jesuit, linguist and anthropologist (b.1932). 2020 : Tabaré Vázquez
, Uruguayan doctor and politician, President of Uruguay between 2005-2010 and 2015-2020 (b.1940).
2020: Carlos Sobrini
, Spanish architect (b.1925). Celebrations See also References external links