On June 7 is the 158.º (10,008th fiftieth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and 159.º in leap years . There are 207 days left to end the year. Events 143 a. C .: in Hubei ( China ) there is an earthquake of magnitude 5 on the Richter seismological scale
(I = 6). It may have happened in 143 or 141 BC. C. 1099 : the siege of Jerusalem begins , during the First Crusade
. 1494 : the kingdom of Castile signs with that of Portugal the Treaty of Tordesillas , by which the line of demarcation of the Spanish and Portuguese territories is settled at the beginning of the conquest of America
. 1640 : in Barcelona (Spain) the Corpus de Sangre takes place
, an incident between a group of peasants and some Castilian soldiers, which precipitated a revolt and ended with the death of numerous royal officials. 1654 : in France , Louis XIV is crowned king
. 1692 : on the Caribbean island of Jamaica , at 11:43 a.m. (according to a pocket watch recovered in the 1960s) an earthquake and subsequent tsunami destroy the city of Port Royal
. Half the population (6000 people) dies, and about 2000 more will die in the following months, due to the plague. 1755 : on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea ( Iran ), an earthquake measuring 8.4 on the Richter seismological scale
leaves 40,000 dead. 1808 : in Spain , the French army defeats the Spanish forces and enters Córdoba
where it carries out a bloody sack of the city. 1810 : in Argentina the first issue of the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres is published , a newspaper founded five days before, to publicize the acts of government of the First Board
. 1822: In Venezuela, the Battle of Dabajuro takes place, a crusade that gave way to the Venezuelan War of Independence, near the small town of Dabajuro against the Colombian forces of Carlos Sublette and the Spanish under Francisco Tomás Morales. 1833 : in Colombia , the village of Sabanalarga (Atlántico)
is elevated to the rank of a village. 1835 : in Spain , José María Queipo de Llano
is appointed president of the Council of Ministers. 1839 : in China , the emperor bans the opium trade, and orders 20,000 boxes to be thrown into the sea. This will cause the Opium War
with the British Empire. 1880 : in the framework of the War of the Pacific , the Battle of Arica is fought , in which the Chilean army defeats the Peruvian and the Peruvian city of Arica
is annexed . 1905 : Norway dissolves its union with Sweden
. 1905 : the Paraná River floods and destroys the city of Santa Fe
(Argentina) since dawn. 1914 : In Panama , the 40,000-ton American liner Alliance makes the first test crossing of the Panama Canal , crossing it from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific
. 1915 : by legislative decree the name of " Republic of El Salvador
" is made official in substitution of "Republic of Salvador". 1917 : in El Salvador , an earthquake of great intensity destroys most of the capital city, San Salvador
. 1922 : the Sociedad Deportiva Ponferradina football club is founded in Ponferrada (Spain) .
1929 : in Rome (Italy) , the Vatican City
becomes a sovereign state. 1933 : in Chile , Villa Alemana becomes independent from Quilpué
. 1937 : in Mexico , the Port of Veracruz , almost 500 Spanish children arrive fleeing the Civil War . They are known as “Los Niños de Morelia
”. 1940 : In Norway , King Haakon VII and the rest of the Norwegian government flee Tromsø and go into exile in London
. 1942 : In the framework of World War II , the Battle of Midway concludes , a crucial victory for the United States against the Japanese
navy and aviation . 1945 : in Norway , King Haakon VII and his family return to Oslo
. 1945 : at the Sadler's Wells Theater, London (United Kingdom), the opera Peter Grimes , by British composer Benjamin Britten
, is premiered . 1947 : In Talcahuano ( VIII Region of the Bío-Bío Chile ) the Club Deportivo Huachipato is founded (Champion of the Chilean First Division in 1974 and in the Clausura 2012 (Chile) 1968 : in Spain the first murder of the terrorist group ETA takes place , in which the civil guard
José Pardines dies . 1975 : The Japanese company Sony introduces the Betamax VCR for sale to the public.
1981 : Israel carries out a surprise air attack, called Operation Opera , consisting of the destruction of the Osirak nuclear reactor , located near Baghdad , Iraq
. 1982 : in Mexico, during the early morning two earthquakes with magnitude of 6.9 ° and 7 ° respectively and with an epicenter in Ometepec ( Guerrero state
) are felt . 1982 : the Pirulí de Torrespaña is inaugurated in Spain .
1999 : in Mexico City the driver and comedian Paco Stanley
is assassinated, his murder being the most shocking of the spectacle of Mexico, causing a severe wave of criticism and protests from the media and the population towards the Federal District government in the face of the violence that you live in the city. 2005 : In the United States , the band British of alternative rock band Coldplay , launches to the market his third studio album entitled X & Y , following the success of Parachutes (2000) and A Rush of Blood to the Head
(2002), respectively. 2008 : in Austria and Switzerland Euro 2008
begins . 2009 : in Spain and other countries of the European Union held elections to the European Parliament
. 2010 : in Bhopal ( India ), a court sentenced eight executives of the American company Union Carbide to two years in prison and to pay about 10,600 USD for their respective responsibilities in the Bhopal Disaster (an escape of gaseous methyl isocyanate
in a pesticide factory of that company, which caused the death of more than 20,000 people. The company had not responded for the damages caused). 2013 : in Spain , the Disney cartoon Gravity Falls , created by Alex Hirsch, is released
. 2014 : the declaration approved by the Spanish Ministry of the Environment that allows the multinational oil company Repsol to carry out oil exploration in waters near the islands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura ( Canary Islands ) generates one of the largest protests and citizen demonstrations in the history of the Canary Islands
. 2019 : American music band Jonas Brothers releases their fifth studio album " Happiness Begins
" Births 1491 : Jacques Cartier
, French explorer (d. 1557). 1711 : François Jacquier
, French mathematician (d. 1788). 1712 : Felipe Pedro of Spain
, Spanish aristocrat (d. 1718). 1757 : Georgiana Cavendish
, British aristocrat (d. 1806). 1770 : Robert Jenkinson
, British politician and prime minister (d. 1828). 1778 : Beau Brummell
, dandi británico (f. 1840). 1799 : Manuel María Sierra Moya
, Spanish politician (d. 1866). 1812 : Antonio Bachiller y Morales
, Cuban historian, professor and bibliographer (b. 1889). 1837 : Alois Hitler
, Austrian customs officer, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903). 1840 : Carlota de México
, Belgian woman, wife of the Mexican Emperor Maximiliano I (d. 1927). 1848 : Paul Gauguín
, French painter ( d . 1903). 1849 : Manuel Bonilla
, Honduran military and president (d. 1913). 1862 : Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard
, German physicist, Nobel Prize winner for physics in 1905 (d. 1947). 1864 : Abraham González
, Mexican politician (d. 1913). 1868 - Charles Rennie Mackintosh
, British architect and designer (d. 1928). 1875 : Pablo Quiroga Escamilla
, Mexican military and politician (d. 1948). 1877 : Charles Glover Barkla
, British physicist, 1917 Nobel laureate in physics (d. 1944). 1877 : Josep Palet Bartomeu
, Spanish tenor (b. 1946). 1879 : Knud Rasmussen
, Greenlandic explorer and anthropologist (d. 1933). 1881 : Kanno Sugako
, periodista anarco-feminista japonesa (f. 1911) 1883 : Sylvanus Morley
, American spy and archaeologist (d. 1948). 1896 : Imre Nagy
, político húngaro (b. 1958). 1897 : George Szell
, Hungarian-American conductor and musician (d. 1970).
1897: Robert S. Mulliken
, American chemist (b. 1986). 1902 : Germaine Berton
, French anarchist and trade unionist (d. 1942). 1903 : Alexandre Bóveda
, Galician politician (f. 1936). 1905 : James J. Braddock
, American boxer (d. 1974). 1907 : César Miró
, Peruvian writer and composer (d. 1999).
1907: AB Rotor
, Filipino physician, civil servant, musician and writer (d. 1988). 1909 : Jessica Tandy
, British actress (d. 1994).
1909: Roberto Gavaldón
, Mexican film director (d. 1986). 1910 : Bradford Washburn
, American explorer (d. 2007). 1915 : Alberto Wagner de Reyna
, Peruvian philosopher and writer (f. 2006). 1917 : Dean Martin
, American actor and singer (d. 1995). 1919 : Adolfo Álvarez
, Argentine military aviator (d. 2012). 1920 : Luis M. Farías
, Mexican lawyer, politician, broadcaster and writer (d. 1999).
1920: Carlos Gorostiza
, Argentine playwright, novelist and filmmaker (d. 2016), brother of actress Analía Gadé.
1920: Georges Marchais
, French communist leader (d. 1997). 1921 : Tal Farlow
, American jazz guitarist (b. 1998). 1922 : Ana María Zeno
, Argentine doctor (d. 2011). 1923 : Carlos Thompson
, Argentine actor (d. 1990). 1925 : Ricardo Espinosa Osete
, Spanish actor (d. 1978).
1925: Ernestina Herrera de Noble
, Argentine businesswoman (d. 2017). 1927 : Charles de Tornaco
, Belgian racing driver (d. 1953). 1928 : James Ivory
, American filmmaker.
1928: Fernando Lamberg
, Chilean writer (d. 2011). 1929 : John Napier Turner
, Canadian Prime Minister. 1929 : Antonio Carbajal
, Mexican soccer player. 1931 : Virginia McKenna
, British actress.
1931: Eladio Tarife was born in Caño Las Moritas, Arismendi, State of Barinas Venezuela, composer and singer-songwriter of Venezuelan llanera music, Author of more than 120 musical themes, among which we have Linda Barinas (1963), (f 2017). 1935 : Cantoral Robert
, Mexican cantautor (f. 2010).
1935: Ervin Zádor
, hungaro water player (f. 2012).
1935: Euler Granda
, Ecuadorian poet and psychiatrist (d. 2018) 1936 : Luis González Seara
, Spanish professor, politician and sociologist (d. 2016). 1937 : Neeme Järvi
, Estonian conductor and musician. 1940 : Tom Jones
, British singer. 1941 : Jaime Laredo
, American violinist. 1942 : Muammar Gaddafi
, Libyan lawyer, military and politician (d. 2011). 1944 : Miguel Ríos
, Spanish rock musician. 1945 : Wolfgang Schüssel
, político austriaco. 1946 : Jenny Jones
, Canadian-American television presenter. 1947 : Thurman Munson
, American baseball player (d. 1979). 1949 : Toti Soler
, Spanish guitarist and singer. 1950 : Nydia Caro
, Puerto Rican singer of American origin. 1952 : Liam Neeson
, Northern Irish actor.
1952: Orhan Pamuk
, Turkish writer, 2006 Nobel Prize winner for literature. 1956 : Antonio Alzamendi
, Uruguayan soccer player. 1957 : Juan Luis Guerra
, Dominican singer-songwriter.
1957: Paddy McAloon
, British musician, of the band Prefab Sprout.
1957: Carmen Calvo
, jurist, university professor and Spanish politics. 1958 : Prince
, American cantautor (f. 2016)
1958: Surakiart Sathirathai
, Thai politician. 1959 : Claudia Puyó
, Argentine singer. 1960 : Hirohiko Araki
, mangaka japonés. 1963 : Roberto Alagna
, French tenor. 1965 : Mick Foley
, American professional wrestler.
1965: Damien Hirst
, British artist. 1966 : Lorenzo Silva
, Spanish writer. 1967 : Dave Navarro
, American guitarist. 1968 : Marcela Guerty
, Argentine screenwriter.
1968: Juan Antonio Pizzi
, Spanish-Argentine footballer. 1969 : Kim Rhodes
, American actress. 1970 : Cafu
, Brazilian soccer player. 1972 : Karl Urban
, New Zealand actor. 1974 : Mahesh Bhupathi
, Indian tennis player.
1974: Bear Grylls
, scout and British television presenter. 1975 : Allen Iverson
, American basketball player. 1976 : Necro
, American rapper. 1977 : Gastón Grande
, Argentine actor.
1977: Marcin Baszczyński
, Polish football player. 1978 : Bill Hader
, American actor and screenwriter.
1978: Mini Andén
, Swedish model and actress. 1979 : Kevin Hofland
, Dutch footballer.
1979: Natalia Valdebenito
, Chilean comedian.
1979: Ana Ruiz
, Spanish actress. 1980 : Berni Rodríguez
, Spanish basketball player.
1980: Henkka Seppälä
, Bajista finlandés, de la Banda Children of Bodom. 1981 : Enzo Fortuny Romero
, Mexican dubbing actor.
1981: Larisa Oleynik
, American actress.
1981: Anna Kúrnikova
, Russian tennis player. 1982 : Germán Lux
, Argentine footballer. 1985 : Charlie Simpson
, British singer. 1988 : Michael Cera
, Canadian actor. 1989 : Nicky Kuiper
, Dutch footballer. 1990 : Iggy Azalea
, Australian singer and model. 1991 : Fetty Wap
, American rapper and singer.
1991: Emily Ratajkowski
, British-American model and actress. 1993 : George Ezra
, British singer-songwriter.
1993: Gaëtan Karlen
, Swiss footballer. Deaths 555 : Vigilio
, Italian pope (b. 500). 1329 : Robert I
, Scottish King; reigned between 1306 and 1329 (b. 1274). 1358 : Ashikaga Takauji
, Japanese military man, founder of the Ashikaga shogunate (b.1305). 1793 : Damián de Castro
, Spanish master silversmith (b. 1716). 1826 : Joseph von Fraunhofer
, German physicist (b. 1787). 1840 : Frederick William III
, Prussian King (b. 1770). 1843 : Friedrich Hölderlin
, German lyric poet (b. 1770). 1848 : Visarión Belinsky
(35), Russian literary critic (b. 1811). 1866 : Chief Seattle
, American leader of the Suquamish Indians (b. 1786). 1876 : Josephine of Leuchtenberg
, Queen of Sweden and Norway (b.1807). 1880 : Francisco Bolognesi
, Peruvian military man (b. 1816). 1892 : Carlo Cafiero
, Italian anarchist (b.1846). 1905 : Francisco Molinelli
, Spanish sculptor (b. 1834). 1911 : Carlos Fernández Shaw
, Spanish writer and journalist (b. 1865). 1925 : Matthew Talbot
, Irish Catholic layman (b.1856). 1936 : Lola Mora
, Argentine sculptor (b. 1866). 1937 : Jean Harlow
(Harlean Harlow Carpenter), actress and American sex symbol (b. 1911). 1939 : Francisco Sarabia
, Mexican aviator (b.1900). 1944 : Enrique Díez Canedo
, Spanish poet (b. 1879). 1954 : Alan Turing
(41), British mathematician, father of computing (b.1912). 1956 : Julien Benda
, French writer and philosopher (b. 1867). 1959 : Emilia de Sousa Costa
, Portuguese feminist and writer (b. 1877). 1960 : Cruz Gallástegui Unamuno
, Spanish veterinarian (b.1915). 1963 : ZaSu Pitts
, American actress (b.1894). 1964 - Meade Lux Lewis
, American blues pianist and composer (b.1905). 1965 : Judy Holliday
, American actress (b.1921). 1966 : Jean Arp
, Alsatian painter and sculptor (b. 1887). 1967 : Dorothy Parker
, American poet, writer, playwright and humorist (b. 1893). 1968 : Dan Duryea
, American actor (b.1907).
1968: José Pardines
, Spanish Civil Guard, first assassinated by the terrorist group ETA (b. 1943).
1968: Txabi Etxebarrieta
(23), Spanish terrorist, member of the ETA gang (b. 1944). 1970 : Manuel Gómez-Moreno
, Spanish historian (b. 1870).
1970: EM Forster
, British novelist and essayist (b. 1879). 1973 : Raul Pilla
, Brazilian politician, doctor, journalist and professor (b. 1892). 1978 : Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
, British chemist, 1967 Nobel Prize winner for chemistry (b. 1897). 1980 : Philip Guston
, American painter (n. 1913).
1980: Henry Miller
, American writer (n. 1891).
1980: José María de la Vega Samper
, Spanish architect (b.1900). 1988: Vernon Washington, actor estadounidense (n. 1927). 1991 : Alfredo Fernandez Simó
, Dominican writer (n. 1915). 1993 : Dražen Petrović
, Croatian balloonist (b. 1964). 1994 : Rudolph Cartier
, Austrian television director (b.1904).
1994: Barry Sullivan
, American actor (b.1912). 1997 : Amos Tutuola
, Nigerian writer (b. 1920). 1999 : Paco Stanley
, Mexican television host; assassinated (b.1942). 2001 : Víctor Paz Estenssoro
, Bolivian politician, president of Bolivia between 1952-1956, 1960-1964 and 1985-1989 (b.1907). 2002 : Francisco Escudero
, Spanish composer (b.1912). 2004 : Quorthon
(Tomas Forsberg), Swedish musician, of the band Bathory (b. 1966).
2004: Marcelo Taibo
, Argentine actor (b.1965). 2006 : Abu Musab al Zarqawi
, Iraqi leader of the terrorist group Al Qaida (b. 1966). 2008 : Bernardo Neustadt
, Argentine journalist of Romanian origin (b.1925).
2008: Dino Risi
, Italian filmmaker (b.1916). 2009 : Hugh Hopper
, British bassist, of the band Soft Machine (b.1945).
2009: Baron Vaea , Tongan diplomat, Prime Minister
between 1991 and 2000. (b.1921) 2010 : José Albi
, Spanish poet and literary critic (b. 1922).
2010: Stuart Cable
, British drummer, of the band Stereophonics (b.1970).
2010: Jorge Ginarte
, Argentine soccer player and coach (b. 1940).
2010: Conrado Ramonet
, Argentine theater director and playwright (b. 1930).
2010: Ómar Rayo
, Colombian painter, printmaker and sculptor (b.1928).
2010: Adriana Xenides
(54), Australian television presenter, of Argentine origin (b. 1956). 2011 : Angelino Fons
, Spanish screenwriter and film director (b.1936).
2011: Benjamín González
, Spanish athlete (b. 1958).
2011: Jorge Semprún
, Spanish writer, intellectual, politician and screenwriter (b.1923). 2013 : Pierre Mauroy
, French Prime Minister (b.1928).
2013: Richard Ramírez
, American serial killer (b.1960). 2015 : Christopher Lee
, British actor and musician (b.1922).
2015: Ildefonso Leal
, Venezuelan historian (b.1932). 2018 : David Douglas Duncan
, American photojournalist (b. 1916) Celebrations See also References external links