7th West Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 155 - 7. Westpreußisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 155

7th West Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 155

active March 31, 1897 to June 30, 1919
State Prussia KingdomKingdom of Prussia Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Insinuation V. Armee-Korps
Former locations Ostrowo , Pleschen

The 7th West Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 155 was infantry linked to the Prussian Army .

story

The regiment was founded as Infantry Regiment No. 155 in the course of the army expansion in 1897 on March 31, 1897 and had its garrison in Ostrowo . The III. Battalion was stationed in Pleschen . The regiment was subordinated to the 77th Infantry Brigade of the 10th Division .

It was formed from the IV (half) battalions of the 1st West Prussian Grenadier Regiment , the West Prussian Fusilier Regiment and the Lower Silesian Infantry Regiments No. 46 and No. 47 , initially with two battalions. [1]

On January 27, 1902, his birthday, Wilhelm II issued the Highest Cabinet Order (AKO) that the associations that had previously been run without a country team name were given a name extension for better differentiation and to establish tradition. Several associations of the same country team and the same type of troop should be distinguished by prefixed ordinal numbers. From this point on, the regiment was known as the 7th West Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 155.

First World War

At the beginning of the First World War , the regiment mobilized on August 2, 1914 . The 2nd Battalion took the Polish-Russian border town of Kalisz in early August and was involved in the subsequent destruction of Kalisz . After the full mobilization, the regiment with the V Army Corps was transferred to the Western Front, where it remained deployed until the end of the war.

With the 77th Infantry Brigade and the 10th Reserve Division, it initially took part in the Battle of Longwy-Longuyon and the Othain Sector from August 22nd to 27th, 1914 . Then the regiment was at Verdun to 20 February 1916 in the trench warfare over.

    • September 6 to 12, 1914 --- Battle of Vaudecourt-Fleury (parts)
    • October 6 to October 10, 1914 --- Battle of Étain
    • October 29, 1914 --- Battle near Gercourt
  • February 21 to April 13, 1916 --- Battle of Verdun
    • February 24, 1916 --- Storming of Ornes
    • February 25, 1916 --- Storming of the village of Bezonvaux
    • February 26, 1916 --- Storming of the Bezonvaux and Hardaumont factories
    • 7th to 11th March 1916 --- Fighting for the village and Fort Vaux
  • June 15 to September 22, 1916 --- Trench warfare in Champagne
  • October 3-14, 1916 --- Battle of the Somme
  • October 22, 1916 to February 7, 1917 --- Trench warfare in front of Verdun
    • December 2, 1916 --- Fighting at Height 304
    • December 28, 1916 --- Fights on the "Dead Man"
    • January 25-28, 1917 --- Fighting at Height 304
  • March 1 to 14, 1917 --- Fighting on the Aisne
  • March 15 to April 5, 1917 --- Trench warfare on the Aisne
  • April 6-16, 1917 --- Battle of the Aisne
  • April 24 to July 22, 1917 --- Trench warfare in front of Verdun
    • June 28 to July 3, 1917 --- Storming of the enemy position from Avocourt Forest to height 304
    • July 17-18, 1917 --- Fighting on the Haucourt - Esnes road
  • July 22 to August 7, 1917 --- OHL reserve near Sedan
  • August 8 to November 3, 1917 --- Trench warfare near Reims
  • December 18, 1917 to February 24, 1918 --- Trench warfare near Reims
  • March 21 to April 6, 1918 --- Great battle in France

After heavy losses at Roye - Rollot , the remnants of the 1st and 2nd battalions were combined in one battalion. On April 10, 1918, the regiment was again expanded to three battalions.

  • May 27 to June 13, 1918 --- Battle of Soissons and Reims
    • May 27, 1918 --- Storming of the Chemin des Dames
    • May 28 to June 1, 1918 --- Pursuit battles between Oise and Aisne and across the Vesle to the Marne
    • May 30th to June 13th 1918 --- Aggressive fighting west and southwest of Soissons
  • June 14-19, 1918 --- Trench warfare between Oise, Aisne and Marne
  • July 15-17, 1918 --- Attack battle in Champagne
  • July 18-25, 1918 --- Defensive battle between Soissons and Reims
  • July 26th to August 3rd 1918 --- Mobile defensive battle between Marne and Vesle

In mid-August, the 2nd Battalion of the disbanded Infantry Regiment No. 455 was incorporated and on September 1, the regiment received a mine thrower company.

  • August 25 to September 3, 1918 --- Trench warfare on the Vesle
  • September 3 to October 9, 1918 --- Fighting on the Siegfried Front
  • October 10-12, 1918 --- Fighting on the Hunding and Brunhild fronts
  • October 13 to November 1, 1918 --- Fights in the Hunding Position

Due to the poor substitute situation, the 3rd, 7th and 9th companies had to be disbanded on November 2nd after further heavy losses.

Whereabouts

After the war, the remains of the regiment marched back home, where from 2 January 1919 in Lowenberg the demobilization took place. It was officially dissolved on June 30, 1919.

Even during the demobilization, parts of the regiment began to set up the 155th Volunteer Infantry Regiment in January 1919. This was then used in the border guards at Lissa and Rawitsch . In March the regimental staff took over the border guard section of Lissa. The unit went with the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr as a staff and 2nd battalion in the Reichswehr Rifle Regiment 9. [2]

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 9th Company of the 1st (Prussian) Infantry Regiment by decree of the Chief of the Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [3]
Oberst August Anheuser April 1, 1897 to September 13, 1900
Oberst Edmund von Rosainski September 14, 1900 to October 9, 1901
Oberst Ernst von Diringshofen October 10, 1901 to April 21, 1905
Oberst Heinrich Wilcke April 22, 1905 to April 30, 1909
Oberst Wilhelm Geyer May 1 to November 18, 1909
Oberst Rudolf Ottmer November 19, 1909 to April 21, 1912
Oberst Arnold von Heise-Rotenburg April 22, 1912 to September 9, 1914
Lieutenant colonel Hans Preusker September 10, 1914 to March 30, 1918
Major tax March 31, 1918 until demobilization

literature

  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . Pp. 243-244.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The new Prussian regiments: 1808 - 1918 . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
  2. ^ Jürgen Kraus: Handbook of the units and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . Pp. 243-244.
  3. Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . Pp. 362-363.