7th infantry regiment - 7e régiment d’infanterie

Champagne Regiment
7 th Infantry Regiment

Regimental badge of the 7th Infantry Regiment.jpg

Internal association badge
active 1659 to 1977
State French republic coat of arms.svg France
Armed forces Flag of France.svg French armed forces
Armed forces Flag of France.svg French Army
Branch of service Infantry
Type Infanterieregiment
Patron saint Saint-Maurice d'Agaune
Motto "Value and discipline", dann "Without fear and without reproach"
"I am from the Champagne regiment"
Anniversaries May 5, 1863
Awards Croix de guerre (1914–1918) with two palm branches

The 7 e régiment d'infanterie ( 7 e RI ) [1] was an association of French infantry that was set up in 1659. The regiment excelled in the Revolutionary Wars and the battles of the First German Empire , for example in the battles of Fleurus in 1794 and Bautzen in 1813 . It no longer exists today.

It was one of the Six Grands Vieux of the six "great old regiments" in the army of the Ancien Régime .

Before regiment numbering was introduced on January 1, 1791, it was last named Régiment de Champagne in the royal French army .

Lineup and significant changes


  • 1793 First army reform The regiment was than 1 he bataillon (ci-devant Champagne) to 13 e demi-brigade de Bataille and 2 e bataillon (ci-devant Champagne) to 13 e demi-brigade de Bataille off. This ends the regimental association and the line of tradition

[…]

  • 1803: Renaming of "7 a demi-brigade of infantry de ligne" [2] in 7 a regiment of infantry de ligne (de facto continuation of Regi comprises Tradition)

  • 1815:
Erste Restoration : Umbenennung in "7 th line Orleans infantry regiment"
Rule of the Hundred Days : Renamed to: "7 e régiment d'infanterie de ligne"
  • 1914: During the mobilization it set up its reserve regiment , the "207 e régiment d'infanterie"

Field teachers / Colonels

Mestre de camp was from 1569 to 1661 and from 1730 to 1780 the denomination of rank for the regiment owner and / or for the officer in charge of the regiment. The name "Colonel" was used from 1721 to 1730, from 1791 to 1793 and from 1803 onwards.

After 1791 there were no more regimental owners.

Should the Mestre de camp / Colonel be a person of the high nobility who had no interest in leading the regiment, the command was given to the “Mestre de camp lieutenant” (or “Mestre de camp en second”) or the Left lieutenant colonel or colonel en second.

I. II. III.
  • 29. May 1569: [3] Jean de Biran de Goas (später Jean III de Biran d'Armagnac)
One of the main protagonists in the massacre of St. Bartholomew's Night - killed in the siege of La Rochelle (1573)
  • May 1573: Jean de Montesquiou de Sainte-Colombe
  • May 1574: Jacques de Montesquiou de Sainte-Colombe
  • 1. Januar 1579: Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette , Duke of Épernon
  • 15. September 1581: Jean de Lupiac de Montcassin de Tajan de Grenet
  • 1585: Antoine de Lupiac de Montcassin de Tajan de Houlliez
  • 1587: Roger de Joyeuse, Count of Grandpré
  • 1596: René de La Jugie, Count of Rieux
  • 1596: Jacques de Chabot de Mirabeau, Count of Charny
  • 1601: Alexandre de La Guesle, Marquis d'O
  • 11. April 1616: Charles-François de La Baume, Marquis de Montrevel
  • 1 June 1621: Ferdinand de La Baume, Marquis de Montrevel (fallen during the siege of Saint-Jean-d'Angély)
  • 1. April 1622: Pierre de La Mothe-Arnaud du Fort
  • 13. September 1624: Jean du Caylar de Saint-Bonnet, Marquis de Toiras
  • November 1633: Charles de Nagu, Marquis de Varennes
  • 15. August 1635: Roger de Nagu, Marquis de Varennes
  • March 10, 1644: Pierre Bourgeois, Comte d'Origny
  • 12. February 1648: Francesco-Maria di Broglia, Count of Broglie
  • 29. Juni 1649: Bernardin Gigault de Bellefonds, Marquis de Bellefonds
  • 1654: François de Castellane-Adhémar de Monteils, Count of Grignan
  • 12. September 1656: Louis-Gaucher de Castellane-Adhémar de Monteils, Count of Grignan
  • May 1657: François Gilbert des Voisins, Marquis d'Ambres
  • 1. August 1671: Robert-Edme-Léonard de Rasés, Marquis de Monismes
  • 1673: Charles-Maurice de Percin, Marquis de Montgaillard
  • 22. September 1675: Antoine-Charles de Simons, Count of Bois-David
  • 9. November 1678: Antoine-Martin Colbert, Bailli de Colbert
  • 1689: Charles-Édouard Colbert Comte de Sceaux
Fallen in the Battle of Fleurus (1690) .
  • 11. Juli 1690: Jean-Jules-Armand Colbert, Marquis de Blainville
  • 5. April 1702: Marie-Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Marquis de Seignelay
  • 27. Februar 1712: Chevalier de Tessé (René-François de Froulay)
  • 24. September 1731: Charles Armand René de La Trémoille
  • 6. Juni 1741: Marquis de Bellefonds (Charles-Bernardin-Geoffroi Gigault)
  • 15. Januar 1745: Count of Tessé (Charles-Elisabeth de Froulay)
  • 1. Dezember 1745: Marquis des Salles (Claude-Gustave-Chrétien)
  • 1. Februar 1749: Louis-Marie Fouquet de Belle-Isle, Count of Gisors
Killed on June 26, 1758 in the Battle of Krefeld .
  • 3. Juni 1758: Jacques Gabriel Louis Leclerc Marquis de Juigné
  • 1. Dezember 1762: Louis-Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Colbert Marquis de Seignelay
  • ? Jacques-Gabriel Chapt, Count of Rastignac
  • 1791: Colonel Jean Anne de La Barthe de Giscard
  • 1792: Colonel Louis Étienne Auron de Rebourguil
  • 1792: Colonel Claude Souchon de Chameron

(…)

  • 1804: Colonel Pierre Gabriel Aussenac
  • 1812: Colonel Louis Loup Étienne Martin Bougault
  • 1814: Colonel Barthelemy Auction
  • 1814: Colonel Charles Angélique François Huchet de La Bédoyère
  • 1815: Colonel Joseph Boissin
  • 1830: Colonel Pierre Boucher
  • 1871: Colonel Antoine Frédéric Tarayre
  • 1970: Colonel Longeret

The flags of the regiment

Regulations from 1804
  • Inschrift Vorderseite: "THE EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH IN THE 7th LINE INFANTERY REGIMENT"
  • Inschrift Rückseite: "VALUE AND DISCIPLINE (Number of Battalions) BATTALION"
  • Base of the eagle: "7"
Regulations from 1812
  • Inschrift Vorderseite: "THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON IN THE 7th LINE INFANTRY REGIMENT"
  • Inscription on the back: none
  • Base of the eagle: "7"
Regulations from 1814 (1st restoration)
  • Inschrift Vorderseite: "THE KING IN THE REGIMENT OF ORLEANS 7th LINE INFANTRY";
  • Inscription on the back: none
Règlement de 1815 ( Reign of the Hundred Days )
  • Inschrift Vorderseite: "THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON IN THE 7th LINE INFANTRY REGIMENT"
  • Inscription on the back: none
  • Base of the eagle: "7"

Uniform

Mission history

Huguenot Wars

  • 1621:
Siege of Montauban
Siege of Saint Antonin
  • 1622:
Siege of Montpellier
Siege of Saint-Jean-d'Angély

Franco-Spanish War

Dutch War

Campaign to Catalonia

  • 1675 : During the tax revolt, the so-called "Révolte du papier timbré", the regiment wintered in Bordeaux

War of the Palatinate Succession

Participation in the Battle of Walcourt . Six enemy cannons were captured here in the brigade formation with the Régiment de Touraine .

War of the Spanish Succession

Battle of Friedlingen

War of the Austrian Succession

Seven Years War

American War of Independence

In 1779 the regiment moved to Martinique to take part in the fighting against the British on the islands of St. Vincent and Grenada . It then moved to the North American continent to support the rebels against the British crown. It took part in the unsuccessful siege of Savannah , only to be embarked again for Martinique. Operations followed on Saint-Domingue , Sainte-Lucie , up to the Battle of Les Saintes . Thereafter, in 1783, he returned to Bordeaux .

Revolution and First Empire

Main article | French Revolutionary Wars

  • 1793:
Battle at Céret ,
Fight at Prats de Mollo ,
The Why
Battle at Peyrestortes
  • 1794:
Collioure,
At the siege of Fort de Bellegarde
Battle of Montagne Noire
Use in the battle of Fleurus
  • 1795:
In the siege and capture of roses
  • 1800:
Fights near Memmingen ,
Battle of Höchstädt
Garrison in the fortress of Hüningen
  • 1801–1804:
Expedition nach Santo Domingo

Spanish War of Independence

  • 1808:
El Bruc,
Group,
Molins de Rei
Cardedeu
  • 1809:
Valls
  • 1810:
Granollers,
Mollet,
Santa Perpètua
Vic
  • 1811:
Siege of Tarragona (1811) , Montserrat , Battle of Sagunto , Valencia
  • 1812:
Valencia, Castalla

  • 1813: Campaign in Germany
Battle of Bautzen ,
Jueterbog
Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
Battle of Hanau
Fight on the Tagliamento

  • 1814:
Yecla
Fallen
  • 1815:
On March 6, the regiment joined the of Elba returned Emperor Napoleon I of
Battle of Waterloo

During this time the regimental commander, Colonel Bougault, was wounded on September 12, 1813. Between 1808 and 1814 another 19 officers died, 18 were wounded and another 122 were wounded.

Second Empire and Third Republic

The regiment was involved in the expedition to Mexico and belonged to the "1 re brigade" of General Brincourt in the "2 e division d'infanterie" under General de Castagny. It was deployed in Durango until November 13, 1866 . It finally marched via Queretaro to Mexico City , where it arrived on January 15, 1867 and remained until February 5 of the same year. It then covered the French withdrawal from Mexico and was one of the last French units to leave the country. After the war of 1870/71 it was garrisoned in Lyon and then in Cahors .

Franco-German War

k. A.

First World War

  • 1914:
  • Withdrawal with the 3 e and 4 e armée française (3rd and 4th armies): fighting in the Luchy forest on August 22nd
  • Fight on the Meuse
  • First battle of the Marne
  • Fight in the Brunes position / Champagne (December 23)
  • 1915:

Winter battle in Champagne

    • February 16-23: Fights in the triangular grove near Perthes-les-Hurlus in Champagne
  • September: Fights at Vimy in Artois

The regiment was assigned to the "131e division d'infanterie" (131st Infantry Division) from July 1915 to November 1918.

  • 1917:
  • Fights in the Marne department at: Mont Haut, Le Casque and in April-May at Mont Perthois
  • 1918:
  • Battles on the Somme (major attack on April 14th)
  • Fight on the Aisne May 30th - June 11th at Corcy, Longpont
  • Second battle of the Marne

After the end of the war the unit was dissolved (after 1919) with an unknown date.

Second World War

On October 16, 1939, the regiment was reorganized under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Paquelier and assigned to the "32e division d'infanterie" with the classification "Réserve A type NE". The installation was carried out by the CMI 72 (Center mobilisateur d'infanterie) in Valdahon . After the start of the German offensive on May 10, 1940, the unit was initially relocated to Belgium. From there it moved with the general French retreat via Lille to Dunkirk, where it was locked in the cauldron and dissolved. In September 1944, he was officially returned to service as part of the Resistance in Bordeaux and the surrounding region. In the Médocoperating, it was charged with protecting Bordeaux and taking the enclave of Poche, which was still occupied by the Germans . However, the latter could not be conquered and only surrendered on April 20, 1945.

In June 1945 the unit was dissolved again.

1956 to 1977

Re-established in 1956, the regiment was relocated to Algeria, where it fought in the Algerian War of Independence until 1962 and then returned to France. Here it was disbanded again, but reactivated after a short time and assigned to the French troops in Germany ( Forces françaises en Allemagne ). Here it was stationed in Landau in the Palatinate and in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse before it was finally deactivated in 1977.

7th Infantry Regiment, Commando Center CHAMPAGNE.jpg

Regimentsfahne

On the back of the regimental flag (since Napoleonic times) the campaigns and battles in which the regiment took part are listed in gold letters. [4] [5] [6]

Fourragère in den Farben of the War Crosses 1914–1918

7 rég inf m 1880 av CG.png 7 rég inf rev m 1880.png

Awards

  • On March 3, 1919, the regiment was awarded the Croix de guerre at the Vincennes artillery range . The ribbon is decorated with two palm branches, each for the honorable mention in the army order of the Xth Army of July 14, 1918 and in the order of the 1st Army of January 7, 1919.
  • Members of the regiment have the right (even if they are returned to service) to wear the Fourragère in the colors of the Croix de guerre 1914–1918.

Devise

The regiment has had several mottos in its history, as follows:

"Valeur et discipline" (value and discipline)
"Without fear and without reproach" (Ohne Furcht und Tadel)
"I am from the Champagne regiment" (Ich bin vom Champagne-Regiment)

Famous members of the regiment

Bon Adrien Jeannot de Moncey in der Uniform des Regiments

literature

  • Jean-Marie Déguignet, History of my life , ed. An Here, 2000.
  • History of the 7th line since its formation , SHAT, 4 M 7
  • Alexandre Adler, History of the Champagne Regiment , monograph covering the period from the 16th century to 1956.
  • Military archives of the Château de Vincennes.
  • Collection of historical records of the French Infantry (General Andolenko - Eurimprim 1969).
  • Louis Susane „History of the former French infantry“ J. Corréard 1850
  • [1]

Weblinks

Commons : Flags of the 7th regiment d'infanterie - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. dt .: 7. Infanterieregiment
  2. which had nothing to do with the former 7 e regiment d'infanterie
  3. Date of appointment or written mention
  4. « Decision n ° 12350 / SGA / DPMA / SHD / DAT of 14 September 2007 in relation to the inscriptions of battle names on the drapes and extensions of the troops of the Army of the Earth, the health service of the armies and the service des essences des armées, Bulletin officiel des armées, n ° 27, 9 novembre 2007 » Troop bodies of the Army, the Sanitary Service and the fuel supply industry. Published with the official Army Bulletin No. 27 of November 9, 2007 ")
  5. " Arrêté relatif à l'attribution de l'inscription AFN 1952–1962 sur les drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées et services, du 19 November 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie " (German: "Order AFN 1952–1962 on the assignment of the inscriptions on the flags and standards of the formations of the army and the services of November 19, 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie ")
  6. This also applies to units that have already been disbanded, as they can (theoretically) be put back into active service at any time