8th Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 159 - 8. Lothringisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 159

8th Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 159

active 1. April 1897
State Prussia KingdomKingdom of Prussia Prussia
Armed forces Prussian Army
Branch of service Infantry
Insinuation VII. Armee-Korps
Location Düsseldorf and Wesel (1897), Mülheim an der Ruhr (1899)

The . 8. Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 159 was an infantry - Association of the Prussian army .

story

The association was in the course of the army expansion in 1897 on April 1, 1897 from the IV. Battalion of the infantry regiment "Freiherr von Sparr" (3rd Westphalian) No. 16 and the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39 (1st Battalion) as well the Infantry Regiments No. 56 and 57 (2nd Battalion) established as Infantry Regiment No. 159. The garrison of the 1st battalion was initially in Düsseldorf , that of the 2nd battalion in Wesel . On March 29, 1899, both units were merged at the new location in Mülheim an der Ruhr .

Together with the newly established Infantry Regiment No. 158 , it initially formed the 79th Infantry Brigade belonging to the 13th Division . The regiment was later placed under the 14th Division and together with the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39 formed the 28th Infantry Brigade.

On January 27, 1902, Wilhelm II issued the army order that the associations, which had previously been run without a rural team name, were given an extension of their name in order to better differentiate and develop tradition. From this point on, the regiment was known as the 8th Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 159.

First World War

The regiment went from 2 to 6 August 1914 mobile marched through neutral Belgium towards Namur and gave up on August 23, his first battle with Belgian troops around the fort Sualee, later followed the conquest of Namur the few days. The regiment suffered first losses at the end of August in the fighting for the place Merbes-le-Château . In mid-September, the German advance on the Aisne near Laon was stopped by French troops. It followed a year-long position battle until the unit was relocated to Verdun in early 1916 . Other locations were Soissons , Reims ,Cambrai and finally the Aisne again. The regiment fought its last battle on November 7, 1918, when it had to cover the retreat of the division across the Meuse near Sedan . After heavy losses, the 2nd Battalion was disbanded on November 10, 1918.

Battle calendar

1914
1915
  • to October 29th - fighting on the Aisne
  • October 30th to December 26th - training and relocation to Verdun
  • from December 27th - trench warfare near Verdun
1916
  • until December 20th - trench warfare near Verdun
  • December 21-26 - relocation to Champagne
  • from December 27th - Trench warfare in Champagne
1917
  • until April 5th - trench warfare in Champagne
  • 0 April 6 to May 27 - Battle of Champagne
  • May 28th to October 22nd - Trench warfare near Reims
  • October 28 to November 2 - Postpartum fights at the ailette
  • from November 3rd - trench warfare north of the Ailette
1918
  • to May 10, 1918 - Trench warfare north of the Ailette and Great Battle of France
  • May 11-26 - retirement and training
  • May 27th to June 13th - Battle of Soissons
  • June 14th to July 4th - trench warfare between Oise and Marne
  • 0 July 5-17 - trench warfare west of Soissons
  • July 18-20 - Defensive battle between Soissons and Reims
  • July 21 to August 23 - rest, training and relocation
  • August 24th to September 2nd - Battle of Albert - Péronne
  • 0 September 3 to 7 - fighting on the Siegfried Line
  • 0 September 8-12 - Defensive battle between Cambrai and St. Quentin
  • September 13th to October 4th - rest period
  • 0 October 5-9 - Defensive battle in Champagne
  • October 10th to 12th - fights at the Hunding and Brundhild position
  • October 13th to 31st - fighting on the Aisne
  • 0 November 1st to 4th - Fights between Aisnie and Maas
  • 0 November 5th to 11th - fighting in retreat in front of the Antwerp-Maas position
  • from November 12, 1918 - march back home

Whereabouts

After the end of the war , the remnants of the troops returned to the Mülheim garrison, where they arrived on December 13th. At the beginning of February 1919 the regiment was then transferred to Burgsteinfurt , where it was disbanded as part of the demobilization . Various free formations emerged from volunteers from the disbanded association . The former regimental commander Major Siegfried Schulz provided a volunteer corps named after him on February 27, 1919on, which moved back into the Mülheim barracks on March 9th. It was divided into a staff, 1st and 2nd battalion and MG company and participated in the suppression of unrest in western Münsterland, in the Ruhr area and in Mülheim. In addition, a volunteer company "Kohnert" was formed.

Both formations merged with the Provisional Reichswehr in June 1919 in the Reichswehr Infantry Regiment 101.

The tradition in the Reichswehr was adopted by the 11th Company of the 16th Infantry Regiment stationed in Oldenburg by decree of the Chief of Army Command, General of the Infantry Hans von Seeckt , on August 24, 1921 .

Commanders

Rank Name Date [1]
Oberst Carl Felix von Winning April 1, 1897 to May 22, 1899
Oberst Oskar Regenauer May 23, 1899 to October 17, 1902
Oberst Seriously Wettich October 18, 1902 to February 12, 1906
Oberst Karl Jung February 13, 1906 to January 26, 1908
Oberst Gotthold Scholz January 27, 1908 to February 20, 1911
Oberst Oskar Schaeffer February 21, 1911 to May 21, 1912
Oberst Walther Lehmann May 22, 1912 to September 30, 1913
Oberst Karl von Kraewel October 1, 1913 to July 8, 1915
Major Otto von der Gablentz July 9, 1915 to March 11, 1916
Major Arthur Gallus March 12-27, 1916
Lieutenant colonel Willy of Livonius March 28, 1916 to February 19, 1917
Major Heinrich von Wodtke February 20, 1917 to January 18, 1918
Major Adolf von Bülow January 19 to July 1918
Major Siegfried Schulz July 1918 until demobilization

literature

  • The 8th Lorraine Infantry Regiment No. 159 in peace and in World War I. Edited by the officers' comradeship IR 159 in the league, formerly 159/219. With numerous pictures, sketches and overview maps as well as an honorary list of all fallen soldiers of the IR 159 and the Freikorps Schulz. Bernard & Graefe publishing house, Berlin 1935.
  • Siegfried Schulz: A Freikorps in the industrial area. Self-published, Mülheim (Ruhr) 1922.
  • Heinz Weirauch: The 8th Lorraine Infantry Regiment 159. In: RheinZinn. Magazine of the KLIO Landesgruppe Rheinland-Süd eV, 17th year, issue 1, 2012, pp. 23-27.
  • Jürgen Kraus : Handbook of the associations and troops of the German army 1914-1918. Part VI: Infantry. Volume 1: Infantry Regiments. Publishing house Militaria. Vienna 2007. ISBN 978-3-902526-14-4 . P. 249.

Weblinks

Individual evidence

  1. Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 2: The staffing of the active infantry regiments as well as the hunter and machine gun battalions, military district commands and training managers from the foundation or list until 1939. Biblio Verlag. Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-7648-1782-8 . P. 366.