8th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 8.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)

8th Division
Active December 31, 1936 - March 27, 1939
country Spain
Fidelity Spanish flag Spanish Republic
Rama/s Red star.svg Regular People's Army
Type Infantry
Quartering The brown
High command

Notable commanders
Guillermo Ascanio
Wars and battles
Spanish Civil War

The 8th Division was one of the divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was deployed on the Madrid front.


The unit was created on December 31, 1936, being formed by the 35th , 37th and 44th mixed brigades ; The division was assigned to the Madrid Army Corps , covering the sector that went from Valdemorillo to El Pardo .

The 8th Division had its headquarters located in El Pardo. [ 1 ]

In March 1939, the 8th Division, led by its commander Guillermo Ascanio , took a stand against the Casado coup and reacted by occupying key positions in Madrid. [ 2 ] On the morning of March 6, forces of the division attacked the Nuevos Ministerios , defended by the 112th Brigade of the 65th Division - faithful to Casado -, managing to gain control of the complex. At noon, other brigades of the 8th Division from the mountains occupied Chamartín and in the middle of the afternoon they took over the Ciudad Lineal, where the General Staff of the II Army Corps was located, —which forced its commander, Colonel Emilio Bueno y Núñez de Prado , to join the anti-Castro counter-attack. At night they would also manage to conquer the position "Jaca" , headquarters of the General Staff of the Army of the Center . [ 3 ] The next day other forces joined in support of Ascanio.

After the end of the fighting Ascanio would be dismissed and imprisoned by the Casadista forces, being replaced by the major of the militias Antonio Contreras .


Major State Boss

Order of battle

Date Attached Army Corps Integrated Mixed Brigades Battle front
December 1936 Madrid Army Corps 35.ª , 37.ª y 44.ª Center
January 1937 Madrid Army Corps 37.ª , 44.ª y 69.ª Center
April 4, 1937 VI Army Corps [ 9 ] 37.ª y 44.ª Center
April 30, 1938 VI Army Corps 43.ª , 44.ª y 61.ª Center
May 30, 1938 II Army Corps 44.ª , 111.ª y 112.ª Madrid
November 1938 II Army Corps 44.ª y 111.ª Center

See also



  • Alpert , Michael (1989). The republican army in the civil war . Siglo XXI Editores.
  • Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
  • Bahamonde Magro , Angel ; Cervera Gil , Javier (2000). Thus ended the war in Spain . Madrid: Marcial Pons. ISBN 9788495379092 .
  • de Paz Sánchez , Manuel (2004). Military Masons of Spain: Biographical Dictionary of the 20th Century . UNED Alzira-Valencia.
  • Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
  • Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Editorial San Martín.
  • Romero , Luis (1976). The End of the war . Barcelona: Ed. Ariel.
  • Zaragoza , Cristóbal (1983). People's Army and Military of the Republic, 1936-1939 . Barcelona: Ed. Planeta.