8th Division (People's Army of the Republic) - 8.ª División (Ejército Popular de la República)
|Active||December 31, 1936 - March 27, 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 8th Division was one of the divisions of the People's Army of the Republic that were organized during the Spanish Civil War on the basis of the Mixed Brigades . It was deployed on the Madrid front.
The unit was created on December 31, 1936, being formed by the 35th , 37th and 44th mixed brigades ; The division was assigned to the Madrid Army Corps , covering the sector that went from Valdemorillo to El Pardo .
The 8th Division had its headquarters located in El Pardo. [ 1 ]
In March 1939, the 8th Division, led by its commander Guillermo Ascanio , took a stand against the Casado coup and reacted by occupying key positions in Madrid. [ 2 ] On the morning of March 6, forces of the division attacked the Nuevos Ministerios , defended by the 112th Brigade of the 65th Division - faithful to Casado -, managing to gain control of the complex. At noon, other brigades of the 8th Division from the mountains occupied Chamartín and in the middle of the afternoon they took over the Ciudad Lineal, where the General Staff of the II Army Corps was located, —which forced its commander, Colonel Emilio Bueno y Núñez de Prado , to join the anti-Castro counter-attack. At night they would also manage to conquer the position "Jaca" , headquarters of the General Staff of the Army of the Center . [ 3 ] The next day other forces joined in support of Ascanio.
After the end of the fighting Ascanio would be dismissed and imprisoned by the Casadista forces, being replaced by the major of the militias Antonio Contreras .
- infantry commander Eduardo Cuevas de la Peña ; [ 4 ]
- Infantry Lieutenant Colonel Julián Fernández-Cavada ; [ 5 ]
- Police Lieutenant Colonel Tiburcio Díaz Carrasco ;
- Major of militias Guillermo Ascanio ; [ 6 ]
- militia major Antonio Contreras Martínez ;
- Pedro Bono Lead ;
- Eduardo Belmonte Bravo ;
- Manuel Piñero Bello , from the PCE ; [ 7 ]
- Nicolás Yuste Serra , from the PCE; [ 8 ]
- Luis Rabojen Cos ;
- Luis Adell Martinez, of the PSUC
- Major State Boss
- Infantry Captain Rosendo Piñeiroa Plaza ;
- Colonel Carlos Álvarez Alegría ;
- Carabinieri Captain José Vera Dávila ;
Order of battle
|Date||Attached Army Corps||Integrated Mixed Brigades||Battle front|
|December 1936||Madrid Army Corps||35.ª , 37.ª y 44.ª||Center|
|January 1937||Madrid Army Corps||37.ª , 44.ª y 69.ª||Center|
|April 4, 1937||VI Army Corps [ 9 ]||37.ª y 44.ª||Center|
|April 30, 1938||VI Army Corps||43.ª , 44.ª y 61.ª||Center|
|May 30, 1938||II Army Corps||44.ª , 111.ª y 112.ª||Madrid|
|November 1938||II Army Corps||44.ª y 111.ª||Center|
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- Álvarez , Santiago (1989). Political commissars in the People's Army of the Republic . Editions do Castro.
- Bahamonde Magro , Angel ; Cervera Gil , Javier (2000). Thus ended the war in Spain . Madrid: Marcial Pons. ISBN 9788495379092 .
- de Paz Sánchez , Manuel (2004). Military Masons of Spain: Biographical Dictionary of the 20th Century . UNED Alzira-Valencia.
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the Mixed Brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Madrid, Almena. 84-922644-7-0 .
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Editorial San Martín.
- Romero , Luis (1976). The End of the war . Barcelona: Ed. Ariel.
- Zaragoza , Cristóbal (1983). People's Army and Military of the Republic, 1936-1939 . Barcelona: Ed. Planeta.