|97th Mixed Brigade|
|Active||June 1937-March 1939|
|Rama/s||Regular People's Army|
|Wars and battles|
|Spanish Civil War|
The 97th Mixed Brigade was a unit of the Popular Army of the Republic that took part in the Spanish Civil War . During most of the war it was deployed on the Teruel front, taking part in numerous operations.
The unit was created in June 1937 in the region of Cartagena from replacements between 1932, 1933, 1934 and 1935. Lieutenant Colonel Salvador Revuelta Mustienses was appointed to the leadership of the unit , with infantry captain Carlos Ruiz García -Quijada as Chief of Staff. [ 1 ]
The 97th BM would be assigned to the 24th Division , being sent from Almería to the front of Teruel as a reinforcement unit. It was located at the junction of the Teruel to Albarracín road with the Cuenca to Albarracín road. He came to intervene in the so-called 3rd Battle of Teruel, between August 4 and 21, although he limited himself to carrying out tactical movements without actually taking part in the fighting. On August 27, the 97th BM launched an assault to try to reconquer Villastar and Fuente Artesa, which ended in failure. Subsequently, there was a change in the command of the unit and it became dependent on the 41st Division of the XIX Army Corps . [ 1 ]
In December 1937 he took part in the Battle of Teruel , although the initial operations of the 97th Brigade did not get off to a good start. On December 30, before Franco's counterattack, he lost the "Pico del Zorro", also suffering from snowfall and low temperatures that caused diseases and losses due to freezing. After the end of operations in Teruel, the brigade became part of the 40th Division of the XIX Army Corps. [ 2 ] He would no longer take part in major military operations.
It was briefly attached to the 5th Division , subsequently moving to the 64th Division . [ 3 ] At the beginning of January 1939, the brigade sent to the Extremadura front to participate in the battle of Peñarroya , although it only carried out some minor action and remained in reserve for most of the battle.
- Infantry Lieutenant Colonel Salvador Revuelta Mustienses ;
- Militia Major Luis Guillén Feito ;
- Militia Major Sergio Granda González ;
- Chiefs of Staff
- Engel , Carlos (1999). History of the mixed brigades of the People's Army of the Republic . Almena Editions.
- Martínez Bande , José Manuel (1981). The battle of Pozoblanco and the closure of the Merida stock market . Madrid: Editorial San Martín.