July 9 (1841) - 9 de Julio (1841)

July 9
Banderas
Argentina
Record
Shipyard Baltimore
Type Schooner
Operator Argentina Army
Dumped ca 1836
Assigned May 24, 1841
Baja 1847
Destination scrapped
General characteristics
Displacement 86 t
Length 20 m
Manga 5 m
Draft 1.5 m
Armament · 1 barrel swivel to 18 pounds
· 2 guns to 8 pounds ( 1841 )
· 1 gonad of swivel 18 pounds
· 4 to 8 pounds guns, two band ( 1842 )
Propulsion sailing
Crew 44 men

The schooner Nueve de Julio was a ship of the Argentine Navy that participated in the conflicts with France , England and Uruguay between 1840 and 1845 .

History

During the Great War that confronted the Argentine Confederation and the deposed Uruguayan president Manuel Oribe with the riverist forces that had the support of the exiles of the Unitary Party , the merchant ship William Jenkins of Baltimore registration, 20 m in length, 5 de beam, 3 depth and a draft of 1.5 m, with a size of 86 tons, it was acquired by Rivera and integrated into the eastern squad under the name of Palmar under the command of Guillermo Mason . After suffering a mutiny on May 24, 1841, he surrendered to the Confederation squad.

Incorporated under the name of July 9 under the command of Lieutenant Tomás Craig and mounting 1 gonad of 18 rotating and 4 guns of 8 (two per side), it intervened in the pursuit of the schooner Luisa during the blockade of Montevideo . In October Captain Guillermo Bathurst took over command and was present in the combat on December 6, 1841, in which the Cagancha was captured .

Affected by a strong storm, on December 17, 1841 it arrived at the port of the city ​​of Buenos Aires with serious damage. Repaired, in 1842 under the command of Lieutenant Eduardo Ignacio Brown y Chitty , son of Admiral Guillermo Brown , operated in privateering over Colonia del Sacramento and in March he briefly joined the blockade of the eastern capital, to move to Los Pozos in April. to carry out new repairs. In July he set sail with General Belgrano in pursuit of the eastern squadron as the flagship of the squadron commanded by Guillermo Brown, participating in the Costa Brava campaign .

After the victory, on September 9, 1842, it returned to Buenos Aires, operating in the waters of the Paraná River . In October he went to the Gualeguaychú area, then returned to Buenos Aires, remaining in Interior Beacons until the end of that year.

In January 1843 he returned to the blockade of Montevideo under the command of Eduardo Ignacio Brown. On the 13th of that month he had a conflict with the French warship Arethuse, which was protecting a Uruguayan corsair whaler commanded by an officer of the French navy.

The event was aggravated by the rudeness and French aggressions, requiring the personal intervention of Brown and the mediation of the commander of HMS Phanton , the arrest of the French corsair, the return of his prey and, as a counterpart, the remission of the July 9 to Buenos Aires to judge his commander, who was sentenced to one year of suspension of employment and imprisonment.

He passed under the command of Lieutenant José M. González to the blockade of Maldonado , but in a new intervention by the foreign navies on April 13, 1843, he was intercepted and detained with cannon fire along with General Echagüe by the English warships HMS Alffred and HMS Philomel. .

The action of ships of superior firepower and supposedly neutral flag motivated Admiral Brown to lower his flag as a sign of protest. The incident was resolved three days later when Brown received satisfaction from the grievance.

In April 1843, on July 9, he operated in privateering over the Santa Lucía and Punta Yeguas sectors along with the brig, schooner Vigilante, until he returned to Buenos Aires in May.

In June it returned to the blockade but in July it went back to repairs in the Riachuelo . Once they were carried out, it began to operate on the Paraná River but suffered a mutiny in Zárate that after being reduced caused the execution of six of its leaders.

In August he returned to the blockade under the command of Captain Juan Fitton and on November 2 Eduardo Brown resumed his command. In January 1844, now under the command of 1st Lieutenant Álvaro José de Alzogaray, Maldonado bombed as an action prior to a landing that ended in the occupation of that square. When his commander was accused of cruelty for the attack carried out, he was relieved of the command that Eduardo Brown resumed.

Supporting the blockade, he operated for four months on the Uruguayan coast until in September he had a new and serious incident , this time with a US-flagged warship, the USS Congress . After an undefined confrontation with eastern warships, in October it underwent repairs in Ensenada de Barragán and rejoined the blockade in December under the command of Captain Santiago Maurice .

In January 1845 he loaded supplies in Buenos Aires and under the command of Lieutenant Enrique Green in February he returned to the blocking squad. During the following months, commanded by Lieutenant Juan Starost, he participated in minor actions (he chased a barge and two Uruguayan whalers that were lost when they ran aground on the coast) until August 3, 1845, in what is known as the " robbery of the Argentine Squadron "was one of the ships captured in the bay of Montevideo by the British and French squadrons without declaring war.

In the distribution of the ships , July 9 was assigned to France, and with the name of Venus it was destined for the blockade of Buenos Aires along with HMS Curacao . After the Battle of the Vuelta de Obligado, it patrolled the waters of the Paraná until the end of that year.

In 1846 it briefly went on to operate under the eastern flag under the command of a French naval officer named Giraud. On November 11, 1846, while in the waters of the Yaguary, a mutiny took place on board and its commander was assassinated. After being partially disarmed, it suffered two more riots and was finally abandoned in a tributary of the Uruguay River . In 1847 his remains were scrapped for firewood.

References

Bibliography

  • Carranza, Ángel Justiniano , "Naval Campaigns of the Argentine Republic", Guillermo Kraft Ltda. Workshops, Buenos Aires, 2nd edition, 1962.
  • Arguindeguy, Pablo E. CL, and Rodríguez, Horacio CL; "Ships of the Argentine Navy 1810-1852 their commands and operations", Buenos Aires, Browniano National Institute, 1999.

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