The June 9 is the 160th (hundredth sixtieth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 161st in leap years . 205 days remain to end the year. Events 411 a. C .: in Athens (Ancient Greece) - during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta - a coup d'état deposed the democratic Athenian Government. The oligarchy of The Four Hundred
rises to power and will be replaced a few months later. 53 : in Rome, the Roman emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 68 : Nero is forced to suicide , with the help of his secretary Epaphroditus
, who stabbed him as a Roman soldier approached. 193 : Septimius Severus enters Rome
with his troops after being proclaimed emperor. 721 : in present-day France , the Frankish army of Odo the Great defeats the Muslim army of the Umayyad Caliphate at the Battle of Toulouse
. 1310 : in the Cathedral of Siena ( Italy ) the Maestà
altar is installed . 1354 : in Burgos (Iberian Peninsula) King Alfonso XI of Castile establishes the regiment with the direct appointment of sixteen villainous knights who assume the functions of the council
. 1508 : in Spain , King Ferdinand the Catholic grants Diego de Nicuesa the discovery rights over Veragua (from the Gulf of Urabá to the coasts of Panama
), as well as the position of governor. 1534 : in present-day Canada, the Frenchman Jacques Cartier is the first European to reach the Saint Lawrence River
. 1667 : the Dutch fleet begins the attack on Medway . It would be the decisive victory of the Dutch over the British in the Second Anglo-Dutch War
. 1772 : off the coast of Rhode Island (United States), the British ship Gaspee
is burned . 1815 : the Congress of Vienna
ends in Austria and the new political situation in Europe is established. 1817 : the first national currency is minted in Chile .
1829 : the Spanish Bank of San Fernando is created in Madrid , the forerunner of the current Bank of Spain
. 1847 : the Spanish military expedition under the command of General Concha enters Portugal to quell the rebellion in Porto
against the Portuguese Government. 1856 : In the United States, 500 Mormons leave Iowa for Salt Lake City
. 1863 : in Virginia - within the framework of the United States Civil War - the Battle of Brandy Station
is fought . 1900 : Birsa Munda (25), an important figure in the Indian Independence Movement, dies in the British prison of Ranchi (a city in eastern India ) under mysterious circumstances.
1905 : at the exit of the Paris Opera , a frustrated attack against King Alfonso XIII of Spain takes place
. 1923 : a coup d'etat is perpetrated in Bulgaria that overthrows Alexander Stamboliski
, the country's "strong man". 1928 : Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight with a Fokker Trimotor Monoplane , the Southern Cross
. 1930 : At Illinois Central Station , the Leo Vincent brothers assassinate Jake Lingle , a reporter for the Chicago Tribune newspaper . They will claim that he owed $ 100,000 (for gambling debts) to mobster Al Capone
. 1934 : the first Donald Duck film ( Donald Duck ) is released in the United States .
1935 : the ROC - under the Kuomintang
administration - recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China. 1944 : In Tulle (a village of 18,000 inhabitants in central France), German soldiers hang 99 civilians from the balconies of the town, in retaliation for the massacre of 40 German soldiers the day before by the Maquis Resistance Movement , who He was trying to liberate the city. Another 321 civilians will be sent to concentration camps
in Germany, where 101 will lose their lives.
1944: in the framework of World War II , the Soviet Union invades East Karelia, occupied by Finnish forces since 1941
. 1946 : in Thailand , Bhumibol Adulyadej assumes the throne, replacing his brother Ananda Mahidol
, who died under strange circumstances. 1954 : in Bogotá, Colombia, there is the second day of attacks by the Army against students of the National University who were demonstrating against the dictatorship of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
1954: in the United States - besieged by anticommunist McCarthyism - Senator Joseph McCarthy interrogates Joseph Welch
, a high-ranking Army officer. 1956 : in the garbage dump of the city of José León Suárez ( Greater Buenos Aires ), police with handguns - under the orders of the dictator Pedro Eugenio Aramburu - shoot Peronist civilians and soldiers who rose up against the dictatorship ( executions of José León Suárez ) . Fourteen years later ( 1 as June as 1970 ), the Peronist group Montoneros
executed Aramburu to avenge the killings. 1957 : on the border between China and Pakistan, the first ascent to the Broad Peak
mountain (the twelfth highest in the world), formerly called K3, is made. 1958 : Queen Elizabeth II opens Gatwick Airport
1958: in Portugal , Admiral Américo Tomás
is elected president. 1959 : the George Washington military submarine , the first to carry ballistic missiles, is inaugurated in the United States .
1967 - During the Six Day War , Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria
. 1968 : In the United States, President Lyndon B. Johnson declares the day of mourning for the death of Senator Robert F. Kennedy
1968: in Yugoslavia , President Josip Broz Tito
, approves several political and social reforms after a week of unrest. 1973 : in Spain, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco is
sworn in as Prime Minister. 1974 : diplomatic relations between Portugal
and the Soviet Union are established. 1976
: in Spain, the law that authorizes the existence of political parties is approved. 1977 : Torcuato Fernández-Miranda
resigns in Spain as president of the Spanish Cortes and of the Council of the Kingdom. 1979 : the Basque General Council is constituted and Carlos Garaikoetxea
is elected president . 1982 : in Spain the Statute of Autonomy of La Rioja and the Region of Murcia
is approved . 1985 : in Lebanon , terrorists from the Organization of the Islamic Jihad kidnap an Anglo-American professor, Thomas Sutherland. He will be released in 1991
and will collect US $ 35 million from the Iranian state (as it was shown that it had given the order). 1986 : The Rogers Commission establishes its conclusions about the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger
1986: the chairman of INI and the chairman of Volkswagen sign in Geneva the sale of 51% of SEAT's
shares to the German multinational. 1991 : the Italian party of Proletarian Democracy decides to join the Communist Refoundation Party
1991: King Hussein of Jordan
signs the constitutional document that opens the way to multipartism and that was approved by acclamation and without vote by the National Conference. 1995 : The Italian Government inaugurates the Vesuvius National Park. [ 1 ]
1999 : in the framework of the Kosovo War , Yugoslavia and NATO
sign the peace treaty. 2001 : the Irish reject the Nice Treaty
in a referendum to allow the enlargement of the European Union to the candidate countries of Eastern and Central Europe. 2006 : in Germany the XVIII World Cup of Soccer
begins . 2007 : In the United States , the space shuttle Atlantis
suffers heat shield damage that could compromise the mission.
2007: the Argentine band Soda Stereo , after 10 years of separation, announces a return tour ( Me Verás Volver 2007
). 2017 : Ally Brooke
releases her first solo song Look At Us Now alongside Lost Kings and A $ ap Ferg. Births 1508 : Primož Trubar
, reformator protestante esloveno (f. 1586). 1580 : Daniel Hcinsius
, learned Flamenco (f. 1655). 1588 : Johann Andreas Herbst
, compositor alemán (f. 1666). 1595 : Vladislao IV Vasa
, rey polaco (f. 1648). 1640 : Leopold I of Habsburg
, Holy Roman Emperor between 1658 and 1705 (d. 1705). 1661 : Theodore III
, Russian tsar (d. 1682). 1672 : Peter the Great
, Russian Emperor (d. 1725). 1686 : Andrei Osterman
, Russian ruler (d. 1747). 1760 : Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos
, Mexican lawyer (d. 1808). 1781 : George Stephenson
, British engineer, inventor of the locomotive (d. 1848). 1803 : Juan Bravo Murillo
, Spanish politician and jurist (d. 1873). 1805 : José Trinidad Cabañas
, military man, president and Honduran hero (d. 1871). 1810 : Otto Nicolai
, German composer (b. 1849). 1812 : Johann Gottfried Galle
, German astronomer (d. 1910). 1817 : Julio Arboleda Pombo , president of the Granada Confederation
(d. 1862). 1835 : Ramón Barros Luco
, Chilean lawyer, president between 1910 and 1915. 1836 - Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
, British physician (d. 1917). 1843 : Bertha von Suttner
, Austrian pacifist and writer, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1905 (d. 1914). 1845 : Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound
, British politician and diplomat (d. 1914). 1849 : Michael Peter Ancher
, Danish painter (b. 1927). 1861 : Pierre Duhem
, physician, mathematician and French historian (d. 1916). 1862 : Luigi Trinchero
, Italian escultor (f. 1944). 1865 : Carl Nielsen
, Danish composer, conductor and violinist (d. 1931). 1868 : Jane Avril
, bailarina francesa (f. 1943). 1874 : Ernst Diehl
, German philologist and epigraphist (d. 1947).
1874: Launceston Elliot
, British weightlifter (d. 1930). 1875 : Henry Hallett Dale
, British pharmacologist and physiologist, 1936 Nobel Prize Winner (d. 1968). 1876 : Ángela Graupera
, writer and Spanish war correspondent (d. 1940). 1877 : Titta Ruffo
, Italian baritone (f.1953) 1880 : Clarence G. Badger
, American film director (d. 1964). 1890: Leslie Banks, actor británico (f. 1952).
1890: Francisco Barbado Viejo
, Spanish bishop (f. 1964).
1890: Cayetano de Mergelina y Luna
, Spanish archaeologist and professor (d. 1962).
1890: José Antonio Ramos Sucre
, Venezuelan poet (d. 1930). 1891 : Cole Porter
, American jazz composer (b. 1964). 1897 : Jean Cassou
, writer and French Spanish scholar (d. 1986). 1898 : Luigi Fagioli
, Italian pilot (f. 1952).
1898: Curzio Malaparte
, Italian novelist (f. 1957). 1900 : Joaquín Vaquero Palacios
, Spanish painter (d. 1998). 1902 : Skip James
, American singer and guitarist (d. 1969). 1903 : Marcia Davenport
, American writer and critic (d. 1996). 1906 : Robert Klark Graham
, American eugenicist and businessman (d. 1997). 1908 : Luis Kutner
, American lawyer, writer and activist (d. 1993). 1909 : José Luis López Aranguren
, Spanish essayist (f. 1996). 1915 : Les Paul
, American guitarist (b. 2009). 1916 : Robert McNamara
, American politician (d. 2009). 1917 : Eric Hobsbawm
, British historian (d. 2012). 1918 : John Hospers
, American philosopher and politician (d. 2011). 1920 : Álvaro Castaño Castillo
, Colombian businessman, lawyer, cultural manager and broadcaster (d. 2016). 1921 : Guido Münch
, Mexican astrophysicist. 1923 : Torcuato Luca de Tena
, Spanish journalist and writer (f. 1999). 1925 : Keith Laumer
, American writer (b. 1993). 1926 : Mona Freeman
, American actress (d. 2014). 1927 : Franco Donatoni
, Italian compositor (f. 2000). 1929 : Johnny Ace
, American musician (b. 1954).
1929: Oscar Núñez
, Argentine actor and theater director (d. 2012). 1930 : Roberto Fernández Retamar
, Cuban poet (f. 2019).
1930: Jordi Pujol
, Spanish politician. 1933 : Marisa de Leza
, Spanish actress.
1933: Vicente Leñero
, Mexican writer, journalist, playwright and screenwriter (f. 2014).
1933: Montserrat Gudiol Corominas
, Spanish painter (d. 2015) 1934 : Jesús Aguirre
, writer, academic and Spanish aristocrat (d. 2001).
1934: Jackie Wilson
, American musician and singer (d. 1984). 1937 : Susan Barrantes
, British socialite and writer (d. 1998). 1939 : Ileana Cotrubaş
, Romanian soprano.
1939: Charles Webb
, American writer. 1941 : Jon Lord
, British musician, of the band Deep Purple (d. 2012).
1941: Tony Patrioli
, Italian photographer. 1943 : Joe Haldeman
, American writer.
1943: Alejandro Llano Cifuentes
, Spanish philosopher.
1943 - John Fitzpatrick
, British motorsport driver. 1944 : Mochín Marafioti
, Argentine musician and producer (f. 1997). 1945 : Luis Ocaña
, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994).
1945: Nike Wagner
, German actress. 1950 : Trevor Bolder
, British musician (d. 2013).
1950: Jaime Bonilla Valdez
, Mexican politician, governor of Baja California since 2019. 1951 : James Newton Howard
, American composer. 1952 : Luis Pastor
, Spanish musician.
1952: Uzi Hitman
, Israeli singer (d. 2004). 1954 : George Pérez
, American cartoonist and cartoonist.
1954: Gregory Maguire
, American writer. 1955 : Carlos Manuel Urzúa Macías
, Mexican politician and economist. 1956 : Manuel Morón
, Spanish actor. 1956 : Joaquín Alonso
, Spanish footballer.
1956: Patricia Cornwell
, American writer. 1961: Michael J. Fox, actor canadiense.
1961: Aaron Sorkin
, American screenwriter, set designer and producer. 1962 : Silvia Cuevas Morales
, Chilean-Australian writer. 1963 : Johnny Depp
, American actor.
1963: Gilad Atzmon
, Israeli musician
1963: David Koepp
, American director and screenwriter. 1964 : Gloria Reuben
, Canadian actress. 1966 : Juan Cruz
, Spanish filmmaker. 1967 : Alejandro Ruiz
, Mexican film, theater and television actor. 1969 : Eric Wynalda
, American footballer. 1972 : Sandro Cois
, Italian football player. 1973 : Ramón Lage
, Spanish singer, of the Avalanch band.
1973: Laura Ponte
, Spanish model.
1973: Sergio Galván
, Argentine footballer. 1974 : Kristoff Raczynski
, actor, conductor and Mexican producer of Polish origin.
(Tomas Haugen) Norwegian musician.
1974: Fernando Coronado
, Spanish actor. 1975 : Otto Addo
, Ghanaian footballer.
1975: Paul Agostino
, Australian football player. 1975: Carolyne Lepage, yudoca canadiense. 1977 : Predrag Stojakovic
, Serbian balloonist.
1977: Amisha Patel
, Indian actress. 1978 : Matthew Bellamy
, British musician, of the band Muse.
1978: Miroslav Klose
, German footballer.
1978: Michaela Conlin
, American actress. 1980 : Marcos González
, Chilean soccer player.
1980: Udonis Haslem
, American basketball player.
1980: Kana Ueda
, Japanese seiyū. 1981 : Natalie Portman
, Israeli-American actress. 1983: Alektra Blue, pornstar estadounidense. 1984 : Wesley Sneijder
, Dutch footballer.
1984: Kaleth Morales
, Colombian singer (f. 2005). 1985 : Sebastian Telfair
, American basketball player. 1987 : Damián Musto
, Argentine soccer player. 1988 : Cinthya Calderón
, Peruvian model.
1988: Mae Whitman
, American actress. 1992 : Gino Peruzzi
, Argentine futbolist. 1993 : Danielle Chuchran
, American actress. 1995 : Belle Knox
, American pornographic actress. 1994 : Lee Hye ri
, South Korean singer of the group Gilr's day. 2000 : Laurie Hernandez
, American gymnast. 2004 : Loreto Peralta
, Mexican actress. Deaths 62 : Claudia Octavia
, Nero's wife (b. 40). 68 : Nero
, Roman emperor between 54 and 68. 373 : Ephrem of Syria
, writer and Christian deacon. 439 : Atlatl Cauac
, Mexican ruler. 597 : Columba of Iona
, Irish saint. 630 : Sharvaraz
, rey persa. 1348 : Ambrogio Lorenzetti
, Italian painter. 1361 : Philippe de Vitry
, French composer (n. 1291). 1572 : Juana III
, queen of Navarre. 1597 : José de Anchieta
, Spanish Jesuit missionary. 1717 : Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon
, mística francesa (n. 1648). 1825 : Paulina Bonaparte
, French noblewoman, favorite sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (b. 1780). 1829 : Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros
, Spanish politician, last viceroy of the Río de la Plata. 1834 : William Carey
, British missionary (b. 1761). 1867 : Juan Antonio de la Fuente
, Mexican lawyer, politician and diplomat (b. 1814). 1870 : Charles Dickens
, British writer. (n.1812). 1871 : Anna Atkins
, British botanist (b.1799). 1884 : Aníbal Pinto
, Chilean lawyer, politician, president between 1876 and 1881. 1903 : Gaspar Núñez de Arce
, Spanish poet. 1912 : Ion Luca Caragiale
, Romanian writer (b. 1852). 1918 - John Henry Lace
, British botanist (b.1857). 1921 : Luis María Drago
, Argentine jurist, politician and writer. 1927 : Victoria Woodhull
, leader of the movement for women's suffrage in the United States (b. 1838). 1940 : Armando Buscaini
, Spanish poet. 1943 : Francisco Rodríguez Marín
, American poet and lexicologist (b. 1855). 1946 : Ananda Mahidol
, Thai king. 1952 : Adolf Busch
, German violinist. 1953 : Alexandre Arquillière
, French actor (n. 1870). 1958 : Robert Donat
, British actor (b.1905). 1959 : Adolf Windaus
, German chemist, Nobel prize of chemistry in 1928. 1961 : Camille Guérin
, French scientist (b. 1872). 1963 : Jacques Villon
, French painter. 1970 : Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia
, doctor, politician and Costa Rican president. 1973 : Erich von Manstein
, German military commander (b. 1887). 1974 : Miguel Ángel Asturias
, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1967.
1974: Katharine Cornell
, American actress. 1975 : Tonono
(Antonio Afonso), Spanish soccer player (n. 1943). 1983 : John A. Mackay
, British Protestant missionary and theologian (b. 1889). 1989 : George Wells Beadle
, American physiologist (n. 1903).
1989: José López Rega
, Argentine politician (b.1916). 1991 : Claudio Arrau
, Chilean pianist (b.1903). 1993 : Alexis Smith
, Canadian actress (b.1921).
1993: Arthur Alexander
, American singer (b.1940). 1994 : Jan Tinbergen
, Dutch economist. 1994 : David Reynoso
, Mexican actor (b.1926). 1996 : Rafaela Aparicio
, Spanish actress.
1996: Orlando Sandoval
, Chilean lawyer and politician. 1998 : Agostino Casaroli
, Italian cardenal. 2000 : Jacob Lawrence
, American painter (n. 1917).
2000: Fernando Inciarte
, Spanish philosopher, settled in Germany (b. 1929).
2000: George Segal
, American painter and sculptor (b. 1924). 2006 : Antonio Rumeu de Armas
, Spanish historian.
2006: Enzo Siciliano
, Italian writer. 2007 : Rudolph Arnheim
, German psychologist and philosopher (b.1904).
2007: Ousmane Sembène
, Senegalese filmmaker, actor and political activist. 2008 : Esteban Mellino
, Argentine actor and comedian (b. 1945).
2008: Karen Asrian
, Armenian ajedrecista (n. 1980).
2008: Algis Budrys
, escritor estadounidense (c. 1931). 2011 : Mike Mitchell
, American basketball player (b.1956).
2011: Jorge Berlanga
, Spanish writer and journalist. 2012 : Walter Santa Ana
, Argentine actor (b.1932). 2013 : Iain Banks
, British writer (b.1954).
2013: Franz Halberg
, Romanian-American biologist (b.1919). 2014 : Rik Mayall
, British comedian and actor (b.1958). 2015 : James Last
, German conductor and composer, leader of his own big band (b.1929).
2015: Pedro Zerolo
, Spanish politician (b.1960).
2017: Adam West
, American actor (b. 1928). 2020 : Pau Dones
, singer, guitarist and Spanish composer (b.1966). Celebrations
Paraguay See also References external links